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State Route 1 (SR 1), known as the Memphis to Bristol Highway, is a 538.8-mile-long (867.1 km) mostly-unsigned state highway in the U.S. state of Tennessee. It stretches all the way from the Arkansas state line at Memphis in the southwest corner of the state to Bristol in the northeast part. Most of the route travels concurrently with U.S. Route 70 (US 70) and US 11W. It is the longest highway of any kind in the state of Tennessee.

State Route 1 primary marker State Route 1 secondary marker

State Route 1
Memphis to Bristol Highway
Route information
Maintained by TDOT
Length538.8 mi (867.1 km)
Existed1915 [1]–present
Major junctions
West end I-55 / US 61 / US 64 / US 70 / US 79 at the Arkansas state line at Memphis
  I-40 east of Brownsville
I-40 / US 412 northeast of Jackson
I-40 southwest of Belle Meade
I-440 in Nashville
I-840 northwest of Murfreesboro
I-140 in Knoxville
I-40 in Knoxville
I-26 / US 23 in Kingsport
I-81 in Bristol
East end US 11E / US 19 / SR 34 in Bristol
Location
CountiesShelby, Fayette, Tipton, Haywood, Madison, Carroll, Benton, Humphreys, Dickson, Cheatham, Davidson, Rutherford, Cannon, Warren, Van Buren, White, Cumberland, Roane, Loudon, Knox, Grainger, Hawkins, Sullivan
Highway system
I-840SR 2
Map showing the west end of SR-1 in Memphis

In 2015, the Tennessee Department of Transportation erected signs along SR 1 showing motorists they are traveling on the Memphis to Bristol Highway, Tennessee's first state road. TDOT installed the signs at every county line while it celebrated its 100th anniversary.

Route descriptionEdit

Memphis AreaEdit

SR 1 begins on Interstate 55 (I-55) in the middle of the Memphis & Arkansas Bridge at the Arkansas–Tennessee state line. US 61, US 64, US 70, and US 79 come off the bridge alongside SR 1; US 61 soon turns south with SR 14. The other three U.S. Highways split east onto SR 3, and US 51 joins, only to split with SR 4 where SR 1 turns east alone onto North Parkway. However, US 64/US 70/US 79 soon rejoin SR 1 at SR 57. These 4 routes continue as Summer Avenue until exiting Memphis. The portions where SR 1 runs by itself are signed.

Between Memphis and NashvilleEdit

After leaving Memphis, SR 1 runs along the following routes:

NashvilleEdit

SR 1 enters Nashville from the west along US 70S through the community of Bellevue. Between Old Hickory Pike and White Bridge Road east of Belle Meade, the highway is known as Harding Pike. Between here and Downtown Nashville, SR 1 is known as West End Avenue. In downtown, SR 1 is known as Broadway. As SR 1 approaches 8th Avenue South/Rosa Parks, it turns right and southeast, joining US 41 and becoming known as Lafayette Street (briefly) and then Murfreesboro Road.

Between Nashville and KnoxvilleEdit

 
Sign marking SR 1 in Cumberland County

East of Nashville, SR 1 runs along the following routes:

KnoxvilleEdit

SR 1 enters Knox County along with US 70 and US 11 (which joins SR 1 a few feet from the county line). From here to near the downtown area, the road is locally known as Kingston Pike and near the University of Tennessee campus it is known as Cumberland Avenue. It turns north onto Henley Street becoming Broadway Street, east onto Magnolia Avenue, north onto Hall of Fame Drive, and back onto Magnolia Avenue. In East Knoxville, SR 1 splits from US 70 and continues northeast with US 11W as Rutledge Pike.

Between Knoxville and BristolEdit

Between Knoxville and Bristol, SR 1 runs along US 11W.

BristolEdit

 
Map showing the east end of SR 1 in Bristol

In Bristol, SR 1 leaves US 11W right at the state line, and heads east on its own (as a primary route) along State Street. It turns south at US 11E/US 19, ending two blocks later at Broad Street (SR 34).

State DesignationsEdit

State Route 1 runs as a primary or secondary highway as follows:

List of signed segmentsEdit

Counties traversed (west to east)Edit

State Route 1 traverses the counties shown in the table below.

Counties traversed by State Route 1
County mi km
Shelby 30.8 49.6
Fayette 7.9 12.7
Tipton 4.8 7.7
Haywood 28.1 45.2
Madison 32.1 51.7
Carroll 32.4 52.1
Benton 12.9 20.8
Humphreys 27.6 44.4
Dickson 21.9 35.2
Cheatham 9.4 15.1
Davidson 32.2 51.8
Rutherford 29.7 47.8
Cannon 14.9 24.0
Warren 24.4 39.3
Van Buren 2.9 4.7
White 22.2 35.7
Cumberland 34.2 55.0
Roane 28.0 45.1
Loudon 7.2 11.6
Knox 36.4 58.6
Grainger 31.4 50.5
Hawkins 41.4 66.6
Sullivan 25.4 40.9

Major intersectionsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit