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The Templeton Prize is an annual award granted to a living person who, in the estimation of the judges, "has made an exceptional contribution to affirming life's spiritual dimension, whether through insight, discovery, or practical works". It was established, funded and administered by John Templeton starting in 1972, and then after 1987 by the John Templeton Foundation.[1]

The Templeton Prize
Bernard D'Espagnat receives prize from HRH The Duke of Edinburgh, Buckingham Palace (4440879448).jpg
Bernard D'Espagnat receiving the Templeton Prize from HRH The Duke of Edinburgh in 2009.
Awarded forOutstanding contributions in affirming life's spiritual dimension, whether through insight, discovery, or practical works
CountryUnited States
Presented byTempleton Foundation
First awarded1973
Websitetempletonprize.org Edit this at Wikidata

The prize was originally awarded to people working in the field of religion (Mother Teresa was the first winner), but in the 1980s the scope broadened to include people working at the intersection of science and religion.[1] Until 2001, the name of the prize was "Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion", and from 2002 to 2008 it was called the "Templeton Prize for Progress Toward Research or Discoveries about Spiritual Realities".[2][3] Hindus, Christians, Jews, Buddhists and Muslims have been on the panel of judges and have been recipients of the prize.[4]

The monetary value of the prize is adjusted so that it exceeds that of the Nobel Prizes; Templeton felt, according to The Economist, that "spirituality was ignored" in the Nobel Prizes.[5] It has typically been presented by Prince Philip in a ceremony at Buckingham Palace.[6]

The prize has been referred to as prestigious[7] and coveted,[8] with the Washington Post calling it the most prestigious award in religion.[9] British biologist Richard Dawkins said in his book The God Delusion that the prize was given "usually to a scientist who is prepared to say something nice about religion".[10] Harry Kroto, Nobel Laureate in chemistry, also suggested "there's a distinct feeling in the research community that Templeton just gives the award to the most senior scientists they can find who's willing to say something nice about religion",[11] while American biologist Jerry Coyne described the Templeton Prize's aim as being "to give credibility to religion by blurring its well-demarcated border with science ... [and] goes to scientists who are either religious themselves or say nice things about religion".[12]

Contents

LaureatesEdit

Year Laureate Notes Ref(s)
1973   Mother Teresa Founder, Missionaries of Charity; 1979 Nobel Peace Prize laureate [13]
1974   Frère Roger Founder, Taizé Community [14]
1975   Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Former President of India, advocate of non-aggression with Pakistan [14]
1976   Leo Josef Cardinal Suenens Pioneer in the Catholic Charismatic Renewal movement [15]
1977   Chiara Lubich Founder, Focolare Movement [16]
1978 Thomas F. Torrance Former Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland [15]
1979   Nikkyō Niwano Cofounder, Risshō Kōsei Kai [15]
1980 Ralph Wendell Burhoe Founder, Zygon (journal) [17]
1981 Cicely Saunders Founder, hospice and palliative care movement [18]
1982   Billy Graham Evangelist [19]
1983   Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Soviet dissident novelist; Nobel laureate [19]
1984 Michael Bourdeaux Founder, Keston Institute [14]
1985 Sir Alister Hardy Founder, Religious Experience Research Centre [20]
1986 James I. McCord Former president, Princeton Theological Seminary [21]
1987   Stanley Jaki Benedictine priest; professor of astrophysics, Seton Hall University [19]
1988 Inamullah Khan Former secretary-general, Modern World Muslim Congress [22]
1989   Carl Friedrich Freiherr von Weizsäcker Physicist and philosopher [15][A]
1989 George MacLeod Founder, Iona Community [23][A]
1990 Baba Amte Developer of modern communities for people suffering from leprosy [24][B]
1990 Charles Birch Emeritus professor, University of Sydney [25][B]
1991   Immanuel Jakobovits, Baron Jakobovits Former Chief Rabbi of Great Britain and the Commonwealth [15]
1992   Kyung-Chik Han Evangelist and founder of Youngnak Presbyterian Church, Seoul. From northern Korea. [26]
1993   Charles Colson Founder, Prison Fellowship [14]
1994   Michael Novak Philosopher and diplomat [14]
1995   Paul Davies Theoretical physicist [27]
1996   Bill Bright Founder, Campus Crusade for Christ [28]
1997 Pandurang Shastri Athavale Social reformer; philosopher; and founder, Swadhyay Movement [28]
1998 Sir Sigmund Sternberg Philanthropist; founder, Three Faith Forum [14]
1999 Ian Barbour Professor emeritus of science, technology and society, Carleton College [29]
2000   Freeman Dyson Professor emeritus, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton [29]
2001 Arthur Peacocke Former dean, Clare College, Cambridge [30]
2002   John Polkinghorne Physicist and theologian [14]
2003   Holmes Rolston III Philosopher [31]
2004   George F. R. Ellis Cosmologist and philosopher [32]
2005   Charles Hard Townes Nobel laureate and physicist [13]
2006   John D. Barrow Cosmologist and theoretical physicist [33]
2007   Charles Taylor Philosopher [10]
2008   Michał Heller Physicist and philosopher [34]
2009   Bernard d'Espagnat Physicist [35]
2010   Francisco J. Ayala Biologist [36]
2011   Martin Rees, Baron Rees of Ludlow Cosmologist and astrophysicist [37]
2012   14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso Spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism, and 1989 Nobel Peace Prize laureate [38]
2013   Desmond Tutu Nobel laureate, social rights activist and retired Anglican archbishop [39]
2014   Tomáš Halík Roman Catholic priest, theologian, sociologist [40]
2015   Jean Vanier Catholic theologian, humanitarian and founder of L'Arche and Faith and Light [41]
2016   Jonathan Sacks Former Chief Rabbi of Great Britain, philosopher, and scholar of Judaism [42]
2017   Alvin Plantinga American scholar, philosopher, and writer [43]
2018   Abdullah II of Jordan King of Jordan [44]
2019   Marcelo Gleiser Brazilian physicist and astronomer, Professor of Physics and Astronomy at Dartmouth College [45][46]

FootnotesEdit

A. a Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and Lord MacLeod of Fuinary were jointly awarded the prize in 1989.[47]
B. b Baba Amte and Charles Birch were jointly awarded the prize in 1990.[47]

ReferencesEdit

SpecificEdit

  1. ^ a b Waldrop, M. Mitchell (17 February 2011). "Religion: Faith in Science". Nature. 470 (7334): 323–325. doi:10.1038/470323a.
  2. ^ Enman, Charles (8 July 2008). "Templeton Dies". Canada.com. Ottawa Citizen. Archived from the original on 9 May 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
  3. ^ Crewe, Daniel (15 March 2003). "Just Because Science Looks Forward, Religion Isn't Backward". The Times. London. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  4. ^ "Judges". Templeton Prize. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: Templeton Foundation. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  5. ^ "Obituary – John Templeton". The Economist. London. 17 July 2008. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  6. ^ Schneider, Nathan (3 June 2010). "God, Science and Philanthropy". The Nation. New York.
  7. ^ Dwyer, Colin (19 March 2019). "Marcelo Gleiser Wins Templeton Prize For Quest To Confront 'Mystery Of Who We Are'". NPR. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
  8. ^ Overbye, Dennis (16 March 2006). "Math Professor Wins a Coveted Religion Award". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Dalai Lama wins Templeton Prize for work on science, religion". The Washington Post. 29 March 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
  10. ^ a b Jeffries, Stuart (8 December 2007). "Is That All There Is?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  11. ^ Connor, Steve (7 April 2011). "For the Love of God... Scientists in Uproar at £1m Religion Prize". The Independent. London. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  12. ^ Jones, Dan (8 April 2011). "The Templeton Foundation Is Not an Enemy of Science". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  13. ^ a b "US Scientist Wins Religion Prize". BBC News. 9 March 2005. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Akbar, Arifa (15 March 2007). "Philosopher Wins £800,000 Award for Spiritual Focus". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  15. ^ a b c d e Templeton, John (1998). The Humble Approach: Scientists Discover God. Philadelphia: Templeton Foundation Press. pp. 170–172. ISBN 978-1-890151-17-1.
  16. ^ "Lubich, Chiara". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  17. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (16 May 1997). "Ralph Wendell Burhoe, 85; Reconciled Science and Faith". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  18. ^ Clark, David (2005). Cicely Saunders – Founder of the Hospice Movement: Selected Letters 1959–1999. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-19-856969-5.
  19. ^ a b c "British Physicist Wins Religious Prize". BBC News. 14 March 2002. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  20. ^ Hood, Ralph, Jr. (2003). The Psychology of Religion: An Empirical Approach (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford Press. p. 248. ISBN 978-1-57230-116-0.
  21. ^ Berger, Joseph (27 February 1986). "Princeton Theologian Wins Templeton Prize of $250,000". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  22. ^ Steinfels, Peter (30 October 1988). "Religion Notes; Prize Winner, Accused of Bias, Collects Award". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  23. ^ MacLeod, George (1991). Ferguson, Ronald (ed.). Daily Readings with George Macleod. London: Fount. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-00-627513-8.
  24. ^ Pandya, Haresh (17 February 2008). "Baba Amte, 93, Dies; Advocate for Lepers". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  25. ^ "Emeritus Professor Louis Charles Birch". Sydney: University of Sydney. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  26. ^ Brozan, Nadine (12 March 1992). "Chronicle". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  27. ^ Niebuhr, Gustav (9 March 1995). "Scientist Wins Religion Prize of $1 Million". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  28. ^ a b Niebuhr, Gustav (6 March 1997). "Leader of Spiritual Movement Wins $1.2 Million Religion Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  29. ^ a b Connor, Steve (23 March 2000). "£600,000 Prize for Physicist Who Urges Ethics in Science". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  30. ^ Niebuhr, Gustav (9 March 2001). "Religion Prize Won by Priest Much Involved with Science". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  31. ^ Sewell, Helen (19 March 2003). "Environmentalist Wins $1m Prize". BBC News. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  32. ^ Howse, Christopher (20 March 2004). "Sacred Mysteries". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  33. ^ "British Scientist Wins $1m Prize". BBC News. 15 March 2006. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  34. ^ Hall, John (12 March 2008). "Cosmologist Wins World's Largest Monetary Award". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  35. ^ Gledhill, Ruth (16 March 2009). "Bernard d'Espagnat Wins £1m Templeton Prize". The Times. London. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  36. ^ Dean, Cornelia (25 March 2010). "Biologist Wins Templeton Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
  37. ^ Satter, Raphael (6 April 2011). "UK Astrophysicist Wins $1.6 Million Religion Prize". ABC News. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
  38. ^ "Dalai Lama Wins 2012 Templeton Prize". Philanthropy News Daily. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  39. ^ "Archbishop Desmond Tutu Wins £1.1m Templeton Prize". BBC News. 4 April 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  40. ^ Bingham, John (13 March 2014). "Czech Priest and Former Dissident Tomáš Halík Wins £1.1m Templeton Prize". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  41. ^ Blumberg, Antonia (19 June 2015). "For Jean Vanier, Templeton Prize Winner, Loving People With Disabilities Is A Religious Experience". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  42. ^ Cooper, Georgina (2 March 2016). "Former British Chief Rabbi Wins $1.5 Million Templeton Prize". Reuters. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  43. ^ Shortt, Rupert (2 May 2017). "Alvin Plantinga and the Templeton Prize". The Times Literary Supplement. London. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  44. ^ "King Announced 2018 Templeton Prize Laureate for Interfaith, Intrafaith Harmony Efforts". The Jordan Times. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  45. ^ "Current Winner". Templeton Prize. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: John Templeton Foundation. 19 March 2019. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  46. ^ "Brazilian Physicist Wins $1.4 Million Templeton Prize". Reuters. 19 March 2019. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  47. ^ a b "Previous Winners". Templeton Prize. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: Templeton Foundation. Retrieved 3 July 2007.

GeneralEdit

  • "Previous Winners". Templeton Prize. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: Templeton Foundation. Retrieved 3 July 2007.

External linksEdit