Template:Listen

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{{Listen}} allows audio and video files to be embedded in articles. It should be used for audio files that are set off from the text, such as music clips or sound recordings.

For non-free, fair-use media samples, a description of the media is required to provide contextual significance, and thus satisfy item No. 8 of the Policy section of Wikipedia:Non-free content criteria. Do not position non-free audio or video files in the infobox.

Simple usage

{{Listen
| filename    =
| title       =
| description =
| pos         =
}}
  • filename (Required): the pagename of the media file, without the File: (formerly Image:) prefix
  • title (Required): the title of the audio file, to be displayed. Do not use wikilinks in the title – they will not work.
  • description: a description of the sounds being heard. For non-free, fair-use audio, this must include a textual description of what is heard in the sample.
  • pos: right (default), left, or center

Multiple files

Additional files can be embedded in an article with one template by appending a number to each parameter.

{{Listen
| filename     =
| title        =
| alt          =
| description  =
| filename2    =
| title2       =
| alt2         =
| description2 =
| filename3    =
| title3       =
| alt3         =
| description3 =
}}
  • filename (Required): the pagename of the media file, without the File: (formerly Image:) prefix
  • title (Required): the title of the audio file, to be displayed.
  • alt: alt text for the image displayed for the file, for visually impaired readers; see Wikipedia:Alternative text for images. This is needed for file formats such as Ogg's .ogv format that include video as well as sound. The alt text should describe just the initial static image, not the entire video or its sound.
  • description: a description of the sounds being heard.

Style parameters

The template also takes a number of style parameters to control its appearance:

  • type: can be used to alter the image displayed at the left depending on the type of audio content being embedded. Acceptable values are music, speech and sound (default)
  • header: can be used to add a header to the box.
  • help: if set to |help=no, suppresses the help text that normally appears at the bottom of the box. Only do this if there are other audio files on the page which do have the help link; it must be provided on at least the first file on the article.
  • pos: by default the box floats to the right side of the screen. Setting this to left or center will float the box on the left-hand side, or center it, respectively.
  • image: define a different image. E.g. |image=[[File:Example.jpg|50px]]. You can set |image=none to disable the image entirely.
  • style: can be used to pass specific style instructions to the box. Setting this to float:none will anchor the box when this is convenient. Setting this to float:none; clear:none will enable the anchored box to co-exist gracefully beside another floating box.
  • play(n): some media files cannot be displayed inline; if this is the case set |play=no to prevent the broken inline link from displaying.
  • plain: if set |plain=yes, removes most of the ornamentation (table border, image, and help links) to give a minimalist version. This also removes the left/right float and positioning, to allow the box to be manually positioned as desired using the |style= (e.g., |style=float:right) parameter and surrounding markup.
  • embed: use |embed=yes to remove border and padding when using as a module embedded in another infobox (see examples below).
  • start(n): Timestamp at which the file should start playing
  • length(n): setting |length(n)=hide hides the duration (h:m:s).

Examples

Basic

{{Listen
| filename    = Accordion chords-01.ogg
| title       = Accordion chords
| description = Chords being played on an accordion
}}

With video

{{Listen
| image       = [[File:Crystal Project video camera.png|50px]]
| help        = no
| filename    = Barack Obama inaugural address.ogv
| alt         = A black man in a black coat gestures and talks at a lecturn surrounded by teleprompters. Behind him, in the background, are about a dozen warmly-dressed onlookers.
| title       = Inaugural address of Barack Obama
| description = Barack Obama's [[First inauguration of Barack Obama|first inaugural address]], January 20, 2009<br />(Duration: 21 minutes, 21 seconds)
}}

With header

{{Listen
| header      = Recordings of this phrase:
| type        = speech
| filename    = Frase de Neil Armstrong.ogg
| title       = "One small step for a man..."
| description = First words spoken on the [[Moon]].
}}

Embedding

Dr. Accordion
OccupationAccordion player
{{Infobox person
| name = Dr. Accordion
| occupation = Accordion player
| module =
{{Listen
| filename = Accordion chords-01.ogg
| title    = Accordion chords
| embed    = yes
}}
}}

Plain

{{Listen
| filename = Accordion chords-01.ogg
| title    = Accordion chords
| plain    = yes
| style    = float:left
}}

Multiple files

{{Listen
| type         = music
| filename     = Accordion chords-01.ogg
| title        = Accordion chords
| description  = Chords being played on an accordion
| filename2    = Moonlight.ogg
| title2       = ''Moonlight Sonata''
| description2 = [[Ludwig van Beethoven|Beethoven]]'s [[Piano Sonata No. 14 (Beethoven)|Sonata in C-sharp minor]]
| filename3    = Brahms-waltz15.ogg
| title3       = Waltz No. 15
| description3 = From [[Sixteen Waltzes, Op. 39 (Brahms)|Sixteen Waltzes, Op. 39]] by [[Johannes Brahms|Brahms]]
}}

Microformat

The HTML mark-up produced by this template includes an hAudio microformat that makes an audio recording's details readily parsable by computer programs. This aids tasks such as the cataloguing of articles and maintenance of databases. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please visit the Microformat WikiProject.
Subtemplates

Date-of-publication ("published") information will only be included in the microformat if {{start date}} (or, where appropriate, {{start date and age}}) is used in a parent infobox/template. Do not, however, use {{start date}} or {{start date and age}} if a date before 1583 CE is involved.

Use {{duration}} to specify the duration/length of a recording. For instance, if the recording's duration is 3 minutes 45 seconds, use {{duration|m=3|s=45}} (which appears as: 3:45). If needed, |h= may be included to specify a number of hours.

Please do not remove instances of these subtemplates.

Classes used

The HTML classes of this microformat include:

  • haudio
  • fn
  • album
  • description
  • category
  • contributor
  • duration
  • h
  • item
  • min
  • photo
  • position
  • price
  • published
  • s
Please do not rename or remove these classes
nor collapse nested elements which use them.

TemplateData

This is the TemplateData for this template used by TemplateWizard, VisualEditor and other tools. Click here to see a monthly parameter usage report for this template based on this TemplateData.

TemplateData for Listen

Allows audio and video files to be embedded in articles.

Template parameters

This template has custom formatting.

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
Headerheader

Text or other content to go above all the files in the template (but within the template boundary). Allows markup.

Contentoptional
Music or speech icontype

Enter "music" or "speech" here to change the template icon to a speaker with music notes or a microphone.

Default
sound
Example
music
Lineoptional
Custom iconimage

Custom image to replace the speaker icon in the template. Alternatively, enter "none" here to hide the icon entirely.

Example
[[File:Example.jpg|50px]], none
Fileoptional
Filenamefilename

The filename of the file. Filename2, filename3, etc. can be used for subsequent files.

Filerequired
Titletitle

The title to display for the file. Title2, title3, etc. can be used for subsequent files.

Stringrequired
Descriptiondescription

A description of the file. Description2, description3, etc. can be used for subsequent files.

Stringsuggested
Start timestart

Timestamp at which the first file should start playing (start2, start3, etc. can be used for subsequent files)

Example
0:20
Lineoptional
Hide duration?length

Enter "hide" here to hide the duration of the first file (length2, length3, etc. can be used for subsequent files).

Example
hide
Auto value
hide
Lineoptional
Hide player?play

Enter "no" here to hide the file player for the first file (play2, play3, etc. can be used for subsequent files). To be used for some media files that cannot be displayed inline, to prevent a broken inline link from showing.

Example
no
Auto value
no
Lineoptional
Hide help text?help

Enter "no" here to hide the "Problems playing this file? See media help." text at the bottom of the template. Must not be done on the first instance of the template; optional on subsequent instances of the template.

Example
no
Auto value
no
Lineoptional
Positionpos

Enter "left" or "center" here to change the default position of the template from on the right.

Default
right
Example
left
Lineoptional
Plain style?plain

Enter "yes" here to remove most of the ornamentation (border, background, icon and help text) and the float/positioning of the template to give a minimalist version, allowing the user to use the custom CSS ("style") parameter to style and position the template.

Example
yes
Auto value
yes
Lineoptional
Optimise for embedding?embed

Enter any text here to remove the left, right and bottom border, the background, the icon, the help text and the padding of the template for use in an infobox.

Example
y
Auto value
y
Lineoptional
Custom CSSstyle

Custom CSS for the template

Example
float:none; clear:none
Contentoptional

See also