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This template is used to create a bibliographic entry for an entire journal (or other periodical), or a volume or issue of a journal, but not a specific article. It is intended for use where the absence of a specific article makes {{Cite journal}} inappropriate. The format is based on the CMOS style for a bibliographic entry, and is intended to be roughly consistent with CS1.

This template should not be used inside <ref>...</ref> tags, since references must point to a specific article, not a whole issue of a periodical.


{{List journal |work= |url= |format= |accessdate= |volume= |date= |publisher= |location= |oclc= |doi= |issn= }}


  • work: Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked if relevant. Displays in italics. Alias: journal. Required
  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if work is wikilinked. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as
  • access-date: Full date when the content pointed to by url was last verified to support the text in the article; do not wikilink. Ignored if url is not specified. Alias: accessdate.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Ignored if url is not specified.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes.
  • issue: When the publication is one of a series that is published periodically. If there is no volume specified, displays as "(whole issue no nn)"
  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the list. Do not wikilink.
  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company or entity that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g. a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher).
  • location: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Location is enclosed in parentheses, along with publisher if both are specified.
  • issn: International Standard Serial Number; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.
  • oclc: OCLC id number
  • doi: Digital object identifier; for example: 10.1038/news070508-7. It is checked to ensure it begins with (10.).