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Note: Per WP:LEAD, do not use this template in the lead section for common English words (e.g., pub, rose, pencil, bus, Monday, Earth, etc.).

This template is used to display English International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). The pronunciation is broken into individual diaphonemes so that they will have tooltips (mouse-over text) to indicate pronunciation. All diaphonemes from Help:IPA for English are available.

The transcription system of Help:IPA for English, upon which this template relies, is diaphonemic, i.e. meant to cover multiple major varieties of English at once. If you wish to give a narrow transcription of a pronunciation in a certain variety of English, use {{IPA-endia}} or {{IPA-all}} instead.

The initial argument can be used to indicate a pronunciation prescript. The available pronunciation codes are:

Code Output
lang English:
local locally
ipa IPA:
uk UK:
us US:
uklang British English:
uslang American English:

The first argument that is not a pronunciation code will be treated as a diaphoneme. See the collapsed table below for a full list of diaphoneme codes. As well as diaphonemes, there are some separator codes as well. For example, a keyboard underscore _ can be used for a space between words. Diaphonemes are underlined, but separators are not, and separators do not have any tooltip text.

Phoneme codes

Note that the aliases include ones that are kept merely for compatibility reasons and therefore not recommended for further use, as they might not accurately represent the sound represented by the output.

Code Aliases Display text Tooltip Type
b b 'b' in 'buy' diaphoneme
d (d), d 'd' in 'dye' diaphoneme
dj dy, dj /dj/: 'd' in 'dew' diaphoneme
J, dZ, dzh, ʤ /dʒ/: 'j' in 'jam' diaphoneme
ð D, dh ð /ð/: 'th' in 'thy' diaphoneme
f f 'f' in 'find' diaphoneme
ɡ g ɡ /ɡ/: 'g' in 'guy' diaphoneme
h h 'h' in 'hi' diaphoneme
hw ʍ, wh hw /hw/: 'wh' in 'why' diaphoneme
j y, ʲ, (j), (y), ʸ j /j/: 'y' in 'yes' diaphoneme
k k 'k' in 'kind' diaphoneme
l ɫ l 'l' in 'lie' diaphoneme
lj ly, lj /lj/: 'l' in 'lute' diaphoneme
m m 'm' in 'my' diaphoneme
n n 'n' in 'nigh' diaphoneme
nj ny, nj /nj/: 'n' in 'new' diaphoneme
ŋ N, ng ŋ /ŋ/: 'ng' in 'sing' diaphoneme
p p 'p' in 'pie' diaphoneme
r ɹ, ɻ r 'r' in 'rye' diaphoneme
s s 's' in 'sigh' diaphoneme
sj sy, sj /sj/: 's' in 'suit' diaphoneme
ʃ S, sh ʃ /ʃ/: 'sh' in 'shy' diaphoneme
t (t), t 't' in 'tie' diaphoneme
tj ty, tj /tj/: 't' in 'tune' diaphoneme
C, ch, tS, ʧ /tʃ/: 'ch' in 'China' diaphoneme
θ T, th θ /θ/: 'th' in 'thigh' diaphoneme
θj thy, thj, θʲ θj /θj/: 'th' in 'enthusiasm' diaphoneme
v v 'v' in 'vie' diaphoneme
w w 'w' in 'wind' diaphoneme
z z 'z' in 'zoom' diaphoneme
zj zy, zj /zj/: 'z' in 'Zeus' diaphoneme
ʒ Z, zh ʒ /ʒ/: 's' in 'pleasure' diaphoneme
ɑː A:, ah, aa, ɑ:, ä, â, , a: ɑː /ɑː/: 'a' in 'father' diaphoneme
ɑːr ar, ɑɹ, är, âr, aːr, a:r, ɑ:r, ɑr ɑːr /ɑːr/: 'ar' in 'far' diaphoneme
ɒ Q, ŏ ɒ /ɒ/: 'o' in 'body' diaphoneme
ɒr ŏr, Qr ɒr /ɒr/: 'or' in 'moral' diaphoneme
æ ae, {, ă æ /æ/: 'a' in 'bad' diaphoneme
ær aer, &r, æɹ, ăr, arr ær /ær/: 'arr' in 'marry' diaphoneme
ai, aI, ye, eye, ī /aɪ/: 'i' in 'tide' diaphoneme
aɪər aɪr, aIr, īr, aɪə, yr, ire aɪər /aɪər/: 'ire' in 'fire' diaphoneme
au, aU, ow /aʊ/: 'ou' in 'mouth' diaphoneme
aʊər aʊr, aUr, aʊə, aur aʊər /aʊər/: 'our' in 'hour' diaphoneme
ɛ E, ĕ ɛ /ɛ/: 'e' in 'dress' diaphoneme
ɛr Er, ĕr, err ɛr /ɛr/: 'err' in 'merry' diaphoneme
ei, eI, ay, ā, , e: /eɪ/: 'a' in 'face' diaphoneme
ɛər eir, eIr, e@r, E@r, air, ɛɪɹ, eɪr, eːr, e:r, ɛəɹ, ār, ɛə ɛər /ɛər/: 'are' in 'bare' diaphoneme
ɪ I, ĭ, , <s>ɪ</s>, i-, I-, ɪ-, ɨ ɪ /ɪ/: 'i' in 'kit' diaphoneme
ɪr ĭr, irr ɪr /ɪr/: 'irr' in 'mirror' diaphoneme
i:, ee, ē /iː/: 'ee' in 'fleece' diaphoneme
ɪər i:r, iːr, I@r, i@r, eer, ɪəɹ, iːɹ, ēr, ɪə ɪər /ɪər/: 'ear' in 'near' diaphoneme
o:, , ou, oU, @u, @U, oh, oe, əʊ, əu, ɔʊ, ɔu, ō, ɵ, oʊ-, <s>o</s>, o-, ou- /oʊ/: 'o' in 'code' diaphoneme
ɔː O, O:, aw, ɔ:, ô, ɒː, Q: ɔː /ɔː/: 'au' in 'fraud' diaphoneme
ɔːr Or, awr, ɔɹ, ôr, ɔ(r), ɔr, ɔər, oUr, ohr, ɔəɹ, ɔʊɹ, oʊɹ, oʊr, oːr, o:r, ōr, ɔə, ɔə(r) ɔːr /ɔːr/: 'ar' in 'war' diaphoneme
ɔɪ oj, ɔj, oi, , ɔi, OI, oy ɔɪ /ɔɪ/: 'oi' in 'choice' diaphoneme
ɔɪər ɔɪr, oyr, ɔɪə ɔɪər /ɔɪər/: 'oir' in 'loir' diaphoneme
ʊ U, uu, ŏŏ, ᵿ, <s>ʊ</s>, u-, U-, ʊ-, ʉ ʊ /ʊ/: 'oo' in 'foot' diaphoneme
ʊr uur, uurr, Ur, ŏŏr ʊr /ʊr/: 'our' in 'courier' diaphoneme
u:, oo, ōō /uː/: 'oo' in 'goose' diaphoneme
ʊər u:r, uːr, u@r, U@r, oor, ʊəɹ, ōōr, ʊə ʊər /ʊər/: 'our' in 'tour' diaphoneme
juː ju:, yu:, yew, ew, ū, yoo juː /juː/: 'u' in 'cute' diaphoneme
jʊər ūr, yoor, ju:r, juːr, jʊə jʊər /jʊər/: 'ure' in 'cure' diaphoneme
ʌ V, ŭ ʌ /ʌ/: 'u' in 'cut' diaphoneme
ʌr urr, Vr, ʌɹ, ŭr ʌr /ʌr/: 'urr' in 'hurry' diaphoneme
ɜːr 3, 3:, ɝː, ɝ, ɜː, ɜ:, ɜ, 3r, 3:r, @:r, @:, ɜɹ, ûr, ɜ(r), ɜr ɜːr /ɜːr/: 'ur' in 'fur' diaphoneme
ə schwa, @, , (ə), (@) ə /ə/: 'a' in 'about' diaphoneme
ər ɚ, @r, əɹ, ə(r) ər /ər/: 'er' in 'letter' diaphoneme
əl @l, ᵊl, əɫ, əl /əl/: 'le' in 'bottle' diaphoneme
ən @n, ᵊn, ən /ən/: 'on' in 'button' diaphoneme
əm @m, ᵊm, əm /əm/: 'm' in 'rhythm' diaphoneme
i , (i), (ɪ) i /iː/ or /ɪ/: 'y' in 'happy' diaphoneme
u u /uː/ or /ʊ/: 'u' in 'influence' diaphoneme
jᵿ j<s>ʊ</s>, y<s>ʊ</s>, ju-, yu-, jU-, yU-, jʊ-, /jʊ/ or /jə/: 'u' in 'regular' diaphoneme
x kh x /x/: 'ch' in 'loch' diaphoneme
ʔ ? ʔ /ʔ/: the catch in 'uh-oh' diaphoneme
ɒ̃ ɑ̃, ɒ~, ɑ~, Q~ ɒ̃ /ɒ̃/: nasal 'an' in 'vin blanc' diaphoneme
æ̃ ae~, {~, ã, a~ æ̃ /æ̃/: nasal 'in' in 'vin blanc' diaphoneme
ˈ ', " ˈ /ˈ/: primary stress follows diaphoneme
ˌ ,, % ˌ /ˌ/: secondary stress follows diaphoneme
. · . /./: syllable break diaphoneme
_ separator
,_ , separator
- - separator
( ( separator
) ) separator
...  ...  separator

The named parameter |audio= may be used to link to an audio file.

Examples

Examples using SAMPA spelling for individual diaphonemes:

If "[invalid input]" is displayed, it means that an unsupported input was used. Such instances are tallied at Category:Ill-formatted IPAc-en transclusions, where they can be reviewed and fixed.

Notations with audio links will appear at Category:Articles including recorded pronunciations (English), Category:Articles including recorded pronunciations (UK English) or Category:Articles including recorded pronunciations (US English) depending on the label parameter.

Behaviour changes from {{IPA-en}}

The default behaviour has changed to no prescript.

It can be partially reinstated using the flag lang.

Audio files are specifically called:

  • {{IPA-en|ˌæləˈbæmə|-|en-us-Alabama.ogg}}English pronunciation: /ˌæləˈbæmə/ (About this sound listen)
  • {{IPAc-en|audio=en-us-Alabama.ogg|ˌ|æ|l|ə|ˈ|b|æ|m|ə}} or {{IPAc-en|ˌ|æ|l|ə|ˈ|b|æ|m|ə|audio=en-us-Alabama.ogg}}/ˌæləˈbæmə/ (About this sound listen)