Tempest (keelboat)

The Tempest is a one-design racing sailboat that was designed by British naval architect Ian Proctor and first built in 1965.[1][2][3]

Tempest

T

Tempest (keelboat).svg
Development
DesignerIan Proctor
LocationUnited Kingdom
Year1965
No. built850 (by 1994)
Builder(s)Lanaverre
Mader Bootswerft
O'Day Corp.
Plastrend/Composite Technologies
Roleone-design racer
Boat
Crewtwo
Boat weight1,021 lb (463 kg)
Draft3.58 ft (1.09 m)
Trapezesingle
Hull
Typemonohull
Constructionfiberglass
LOA22.00 ft (6.71 m)
LWL20.00 ft (6.10 m)
Beam6.50 ft (1.98 m)
Hull appendages
Keel/board typelifting weighted bulb keel
Ballast440 lb (200 kg)
Rudder(s)internally-mounted spade-type rudder
Rig
Rig typeBermuda rig
Sails
Sailplanfractional rigged sloop
Mainsail area164 sq ft (15.2 m2)
Jib/genoa area82.78 sq ft (7.691 m2)
Spinnaker area225 sq ft (20.9 m2)
Total sail area247 sq ft (22.9 m2)
Racing
D-PN83.4
Former Olympic class

ProductionEdit

In the past the design was built by O'Day Corp. and Plastrend/Composite Technologies in the United States and by Lanaverre in France. A total of 850 boats had been reported as built by 1994. Today is it built by Mader Bootswerft of Germany and remains in production.[1][3][4]

DesignEdit

 
Tempest sailing downwind with spinnaker
 
Tempest

The Tempest is a racing keelboat, built predominantly of fiberglass, with wood trim. It has a fractional sloop rig with aluminum spars. The hull has a spooned raked stem, a plumb transom, an internally mounted spade-type rudder controlled by a tiller and a lifting, weighted, bulb keel. It displaces 1,021 lb (463 kg) and carries 440 lb (200 kg) of lead keel ballast. Construction includes three transverse bulkheads to aid flotation. The boat has a rear deck above the rudder.[1][3]

The boat has a draft of 3.58 ft (1.09 m) with the keel locked in the extended position.[1]

For sailing the design is equipped with a single trapeze, an unusual feature on a keelboat. Jib and mainsail windows for visibility are permitted in the class rules, but the sizes are controlled.[3]

The design has a Portsmouth Yardstick DP-N racing average handicap of 83.4 and an RYA-PN of 942. It is normally raced with a crew of two sailors.[3][5][6]

Operational historyEdit

The boat was selected as an Olympic class and raced at the 1972 and the 1976 Summer Olympics.[1][3]

The boat is supported by an active class club that organizes racing events, the International Tempest Class Association.[7]

In a 1994 review Richard Sherwood wrote, "the International Class Tempest was an Olympic boat in 1972 and 1976. She is fast. Tempest is a one-design, and class rules are strict ... The mast’s design and material are optional, but the mast may not rotate. Older boats have thicker, stiffer masts and, in addition to the diamond shrouds and spreaders found today, additional swept-back spreaders. Good racing boats are light at the ends and rigid, although this is not necessary in the deck ... Only one person may use the trapeze, and safety equipment is required."[3]

RacingEdit

OlympicsEdit

Reference[8]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
1972 Kiel
details
  Soviet Union (URS)
Valentin Mankin
Vitali Dyrdyra
  Great Britain (GBR)
Alan Warren
David Hunt
  United States (USA)
Glen Foster
Peter Dean
1976 Montreal
details
  Sweden (SWE)
John Albrechtson
Ingvar Hansson
  Soviet Union (URS)
Valentin Mankin
Vladyslav Akimenko
  United States (USA)
Dennis Conner
Conn Findlay

World ChampionshipsEdit

Reference[9]

Year
Gold Silver Bronze
1967 Weymouth   Great Britain
Cliff Norbury
Colin Turner
  Great Britain
Reg White
Andrew Garran
1968 Grosse Pointe   United States
William Kelly
Robert Connell
1969 Riva del Garda   Great Britain
Cliff Norbury
Colin Turner
1970 Quiberon   United States
John Linville
James Linville
  Netherlands
Ben Staartjes
Cees Kurpershoek
  United States
Falconer
Dyson
1971 Marstrand   United States
Glen Foster
Peter Dean
1972 not held because of the 1972 Summer Olympics
1973 Napoli   Soviet Union
Valentin Mankin
Vladimir Akimenko
  Italy
Dotti
Sibello
  United States
Dyson
Lindsay
1974 Medemblik   West Germany
Uwe Mares
Franz Wehofisch
  West Germany
Krick
Heldt
  West Germany
Mebel
Lohmann
1975 Association Island   Italy
Giuseppe Milone
Roberto Mottola
  Sweden
John Albrechtson
Ingvar Hansson
  West Germany
Uwe Mares
Franz Wehofisch
1976 not held because of the 1976 Summer Olympics
1977 Strömstad   Sweden
John Albrechtson
Ingvar Hansson
  West Germany
Höss
 
  West Germany
Greve
 
1978 Castelletto   Sweden
John Albrechtson
Ingvar Hansson
  West Germany
Twelkmeyer
Schumacher
  West Germany
Rolf Bähr
Wolfgang Nothegger
1979 Hayling Island   West Germany
Rolf Bähr
Wolf Stadler
  Austria
Oskar Billik Jr
Josef Essl
  Great Britain
Moncur
Lowther
1980 Medemblik   West Germany
Rolf Bähr
Michael Beckereit
  Austria
Haas
Jörg
  West Germany
Greve
Pildner
1981 no championship
1982 Seebrück   West Germany
Rolf Bähr
Wolfgang Nothegger
  West Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
  West Germany
Sepp Höss
Dieter Klarmann
1983 Weymouth   West Germany
Sepp Höss
Dieter Klarmann
  West Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
  West Germany
Rolf Bähr
Wolfgang Nothegger
1984 Portorož   West Germany
Sepp Höss
Dieter Klarmann
  West Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
  West Germany
Rolf Bähr
Wolfgang Nothegge
1985 Medemblik   West Germany
Rolf Bähr
Wolfgang Nothegger
1986 St. Gilgen   West Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
  West Germany
Rolf Bähr
Wolfgang Nothegger
1987 Portorož   West Germany
Rolf Bähr
Wolfgang Nothegger
  West Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
  West Germany
Sepp Höss
Dieter Klrmann
1988 Spiez   West Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
1989 Malcesine   West Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
1990 Medemblik   West Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
1991 St. Gilgen   Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
1992 Balatonfüred   Germany
Christian Schäfer
Herbert Kujan
1993 Warnemünde   Germany
Vincent Hösch
Thomas Aueracher
  Germany
Christian Schäfer
Herbert Kujan
  Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
1994 Brunnen   Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
1995 Medemblik   Germany
Christian Schäfer
Andreas Mader
1996 Villach   Germany
Christian Schäfer
Andreas Mader
1997 Hartlepool   Germany
Jürgen Knuth
Mike Knobloch
1998 Malcesine   Germany
Jürgen Knuth
Mike Knobloch
1999 Saint-Raphaël   Switzerland
Werner Meier
Christian Spranger
  Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
  Germany
Rolf Bähr
Thomas Olbrich
2000 Travemünde   Germany
Christian Schäfer
Andreas Mader
  Germany
Rolf Bähr
Thomas Olbrich
  Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
2001 Malcesine   Germany
Christian Schäfer
Andreas Mader
  Switzerland
Werner Merier
Alfred Geisser
  Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
2002 Brighton   Germany
Christian Schäfer
Andreas Mader
  Germany
Rolf Bähr
Thomas Olbrich
  Germany
Klaus Rösch
Max Reichert Jr
2003 Grandson   Germany
Christian Schäfer
Andreas Mader
  Germany
Rolf Bähr
Thomas Olbrich
  Switzerland
Pierre Mäder
Andreas Dietrich
2004 La Rochelle   France
Philippe Boite
Fabrice Toupet
  Germany
Rolf Bähr
Thomas Olbrich
  Germany
Christian Schäfer
Andreas Mader
2005 Attersee   Germany
Christian Schäfer
Andreas Mader
  France
Philippe Boite
Fabrice Toupet
  Germany
Rolf Bähr
Christian Spranger
2006 Fort-de-France   France
Philippe Boite
Regis Viateur
  Switzerland
Mario Suter
Christophe Müri
  Germany
Gerhard Albrecht
Hansjörg Schäfer
2007 Warnemünde   France
Philippe Boite
Regis Viateur
  Germany
Frank Weigelt
Christian Rusitsch
  Germany
Rolf Bähr
Thomas Olbrich
2008 Weymouth   Germany
Frank Weigelt
Christian Rusitsch
  France
Philippe Boite
Regis Viateur
  Germany
Christian Schäfer
Andreas Mader
2009 Spiez   France
Phillipe Boite
Regis Viateur
  Switzerland
Stephan Fels
Timo Näf
  Germany
Frank Weigelt
Christian Rusitschka
2010 Hoorn   Germany
Frank Weigelt
Christian Rusitsch
2011 Ebensee   Germany
Christian Schäfer
Christian Rusitschka
  Germany
Rolf Bähr
Christian Spranger
  Switzerland
Marior Suter
Andreas Hochuli
2012 Quiberon   Germany
Christian Schäfer
Christian Rusitsch
2013 Travemünde   Germany
Frank Weigelt
Arne Lanatowitz
  Switzerland
Cornelia Christen
Ruedi Christen
  Germany
Stefan Erlacher
Christian Wöhrer
2014 Travemünde   Switzerland
Cornelia Christen
Ruedi Christen
  Germany
Rolf Baehr
  Germany
Andreas Plettner

European ChampionshipsEdit

Reference[10]

European championships were only held when a World Championship was held outside the European continent. After 1980 no further European championships were held.

Event Gold Silver Bronze
1966
 
Burnham-on-Crouch
  United Kingdom (K)
Keith Musto
Ian Winter
1968
 
Alassio
  Italy (I)
Carlo Massone
Favio Risso
1969
 
Kiel
  United Kingdom (K)
Cliff Norbury
Colin Turner
1972
 
La Rochelle
  Netherlands (H)
Ben Staartjes
Cees Kurpershoek
  Poland (PL)
Tomasz Holc
Rutkowski
  Soviet Union (SR)
Valentin Mankin
Vitaly Dyrdyra
1975
 
Brunnen
  West Germany (G)
Uwe Mares
Franz Wehofisch
  Italy (I)
Dotti
Girardi
   Switzerland (Z)
Kohler
Frey
1976
 
Alassio
  Sweden (S)
John Albrechtson
Ingvar Hansson
1977
 
Strömstad
  Sweden (S)
John Albrechtson
Ingvar Hansson
1978
 
Kiel
  Sweden (S)
John Albrechtson
Ingvar Hansson
  Austria (S)
Oskar Bilik, Jr.
Josef Essl
  West Germany (G)
Twelkmeyer
1979
 
Attersee
  Austria (OE)
Oskar Bilik, Jr.
Josef Essl

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Tempest International sailboat". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 18 November 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  2. ^ McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Ian Proctor 1918 - 1992". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 18 November 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Sherwood, Richard M.: A Field Guide to Sailboats of North America, Second Edition, pages 116-117. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1994. ISBN 0-395-65239-1
  4. ^ Mader Bootswerft. "Tempest". mader-boote.de. Archived from the original on 18 November 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  5. ^ "Keelboat Classes". US Sailing. Archived from the original on 16 August 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  6. ^ "Portsmouth Number List 2011" (PDF). Royal Yachting Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
  7. ^ McArthur, Bruce (2020). "International Tempest Class Association". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 18 November 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  8. ^ "Sailing Olympic Games - Tempest". sports123.com. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  9. ^ "World Championships - Tempest". sports123.com. Archived from the original on 4 November 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  10. ^ "European Championships - Tempest". sports123.com. Archived from the original on 5 November 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2020.

External linksEdit