Telugu language policy
Telugu language policy is an issue in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, with 84 percent of the population reporting Telugu as their first language in Andhra Pradesh prior to the secession of Telangana. Telugu-language advocates note a lack of incentivisation and government support for the language, and press for their linguistic rights for Telugu's greater official[clarification needed] in the recognition and promotion.
Telugu and English are the two dominant languages of instruction in the schools of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, while there are also schools who use other regional languages such as Urdu as the medium of instruction. Telugu is a compulsory subject in schools in both states, with fluency in the language being a requirement for matriculation.
The government in Andhra Pradesh is working to increase the number of English medium schools state schools, with some proposals calling for English to be the only medium of instruction in state schools, claiming that this policy reflects the growing desire of parents and that the state sector is losing pupils due to its inability to meet the increased demand for English medium schools. In Telangana, the government has issued plans to mandate English-medium education in all the private schools in the state. The trend towards English-medium education has caused alarm among some Telugu-language activists who claim that the state governments are placing the language in an inferior position and depriving Telugu-speakers of their language rights. Passions have been further inflamed by anecdotal reports of students in English-language schools being punished for speaking Telugu.
Many educated Telugu people began travelling around the world in search of knowledge-based jobs, and have observed that many countries are prospering faster than India by imparting education in their native languages without depending on English. Throughout India, native-language advocates are demanding less reliance on English.
In 2012 the Andhra Pradesh official-language commission resumed its activities, and was tasked with organizing the fourth World Telugu Conference (WTC) after a 22-year hiatus. The conference was a success, with 5,000 Telugu delegates from all over the world meeting in Tirupati.
- Compulsory subject up to the 10th standard in the state beginning in the 2013-14 academic year.
- In 2012, the government of Andhra Pradesh announced that all shop and business signs must be written prominently in Telugu.
- Teachers who punish students speaking Telugu on school premises will be sanctioned, with persistently-offending schools de-recognized.
- Joining the World Unicode Consortium and developing a Unicode-based script for Telugu.
- Official correspondence from the village to the state-secretariat level will be in Telugu, with all official documents signed in Telugu.
- Annual statewide events, such as Telugu Language Day (celebrated on Gidugu Venkata Ramamoorty's birthday), International Mother Tongue Day, Official Language Day, and Charles Phillip Brown's birthday to inspire Telugu-language development.
- ₹2 million to each district to promote Telugu language and culture in 2012–2013.
- Greetingss and awards by the state government for encouraging correspondence in Telugu.
- All court proceedings and judgments, except for the High Court, will be in Telugu.
- The state government proclaimed 2013 as Telugu Development Year.
Print and visual Telugu media have taken steps to reduce English in Telugu programs, using appropriate alternate Telugu words. The Andhra Cricket Association has translated the National Cricket Academy's (NCA) coaching manuals into Telugu.
- "Census of India - Distribution of the 22 Scheduled Languages". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- "Census of India - Statement II". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- "Telugu to be compulsory in State schools". 29 January 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "Telugu now a mandatory subject for Telangana Class 1 to 12 school students". India Today. 14 September 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- "English medium must in state schools, says Andhra Pradesh government". deccanchronicle.com/. 1 May 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- "AP mulls over English medium in government schools". The Hans India. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- Dayashankar, K. M. (17 January 2016). "Telugu loses out to English as medium of education". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- "Girl caned for speaking Telugu in school". 9 March 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "PM Manmohan Singh lauds Telugu people". 29 December 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "Shop signs must be in Telugu In Andhra Pradesh". 24 November 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "Private schools warned against discouraging Telugu". 26 October 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "It's going to be Telugu 'Velugu' vs English-Vinglish". Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "Telugu set to become world language". 9 September 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "Officials appending signatures in Telugu". 7 February 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "Celebrate Telugu language – Remembering Gidugu Ramamurthy". 30 August 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "May 14 is official language day in AP". 5-2-2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013. Check date values in:
- "Brown, father of modern day Telugu language". 2 November 2008. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "Efforts to promote Telugu language to get a fillip". Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "Chief Minister N Kiran Kumar Reddy endorses use of Telugu in judiciary". Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "Stress on use of mother tongue in courts". 10 March 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "2013 declared Telugu Development Year". Retrieved 27 March 2013.
- "Rs. 25 crore allocated for 'Telugu Baata'". Retrieved 27 March 2013.
- "Separate ministry to promote Telugu: CM". 28 December 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "Plan to revive fine arts, literature academies: Buddha Prasad". 9 February 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "CM gets award for success of Telugu conference held in USA". 18 February 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "Weightage for Telugu medium students in govt jobs likely". 26 November 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "Telugu language slowly back on track in media". 20 December 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "National Cricket Academy coaching manual in Telugu". 30 July 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013.