Coordinates: 33°20′20″N 44°52′28″E / 33.33889°N 44.87444°E / 33.33889; 44.87444

Tell Agrab (or Aqrab) is a tell or settlement mound 12.6 miles (20.3 km) southeast of Eshnunna in the Diyala region of Iraq.

Tell Agrab is located east of ancient Eshnunna
Stamp seal with Striding Figure Holding Batons, Drill Technique, Tell Agrab. Oriental Institute Museum, University of Chicago


Tell Agrab was occupied during the Jemdet Nasr and Early Dynastic periods through the Akkadian and Larsa periods. It was during the Early Dynastic period that monumental building occurred, including the Shara Temple. There is no evidence that it was occupied after the end of the third millennium BC.


The site of Tell Agrab is encompassed by a 500 by 600 metres (1,600 by 2,000 ft) rectangle with a height of around 12 metres (39 ft). Though it had been subject to illegal digging earlier, the site was officially excavated in 1936 and 1937 by a team from the Oriental Institute of Chicago which was also working at Eshnunna, Khafajah and Tell Ishchali during that time.[1] The dig was led by Seton Lloyd. The primary excavation effort was on the large Early Dynastic temple, which was formerly believed to be dedicated to Shara based on a bowl inscription. However, subsequent research revealed that it belonged to a local deity, Iluma'tim, while the name dLAGABxIGI-gunû from the bowl fragment, formerly read as Shara, might instead be Ishara, which according to Gianni Marchesi and Nicolo Marchetti is more plausible in the light of the distribution of cult centers of these two deities.[2] Only the western end of the temple was studied, the rest being badly eroded. The temple was about 60 metres (200 ft) square and was surrounded by a wall 6 metres (20 ft) wide with large supporting buttresses. The presence of sling stones and a sappers tunnel indicated an attack in the Early Dynastic era. Aside from a number of treasure caches and cylinder seals[3] found, the most notable find was a copper chariot pulled by four onagers, one of the earliest examples known.[4]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Delougaz, Pinhas; Lloyd, Seton (1942). Pre-sargonic temples in the Diyala region (PDF). Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. OCLC 1153687033.
  2. ^ Marchesi, Gianni; Marchetti, Nicolo (2011). Royal Statuary of Early Dynastic Mesopotamia. Penn State University Press. p. 227. doi:10.1515/9781575066516. ISBN 978-1-57506-651-6.
  3. ^ Frankfort, Henry (1964). Stratified cylinder seals from the Diayala region (PDF). Chicago: The Univ. Pr. OCLC 249158786.
  4. ^ Littauer, M. A. (1979). Wheeled vehicles and ridden animals in the ancient Near East. J. H. Crouwel. Leiden: E.J. Brill. ISBN 90-04-05953-9. OCLC 6031713.

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