Telephone numbers in France
5 geographic zones
|Typical format||0X XX XX XX XX|
|Country calling code||33|
|International call prefix||00|
The plan uses a ten-digit closed numbering scheme, where the first two digits denote the area:
- 01 Île-de-France
- 02 Northwest France
- 03 Northeast France
- 04 Southeast France
- 05 Southwest France
- 06 Mobile phone services
- 07 Mobile phone services
- 08 Special phone numbers: Freephone (numéro vert) and shared-cost services.
- 09 Non-geographic number (used by Voice over IP services)
All geographic numbers are dialed in the ten-digit format, even for local calls. The international access code also changed from 19 to the International Telecommunication Union's recommended 00, bringing France into line with many other countries.
When calling France from abroad, the leading zero should be omitted: for example, to call a number in Southwest France, one would dial +33 5 xx xx xx xx.
French people usually state phone numbers as a sequence of five double-digit numbers, e.g., 0x xx xx xx xx (and not, for example, 0 xxx-xxx-xxx or 0xxx-xx-xxxx or 0xx-xxx-xxxx).
For many years, French telephone numbers consisted of eight digits, including an area code. However, that system began to run out of numbers in the 1980s. On 25 October 1985, France changed to a system of two areas: outside Paris the old area code was incorporated into the subscriber's eight-digit number; for Paris, the code "1" was retained, and a digit "4" was added to the front of seven-digit numbers – for example, (fictional) Paris number 16 1 234 56 78 became 16 1 42 34 56 78. For numbers in the Île-de-France surrounding Paris, the old codes "3" and "6" joined the old seven-digit numbers to become eight-digit numbers and were assigned to the Paris area code "1". To call the rest of France from Paris, however, the trunk prefix "16" had to be dialed before the eight-digit number, and to call Paris from the rest of France, the prefix "16" had to be dialed, followed by the area code for Paris "1" and the eight-digit number. In 1996, this changed to the present ten-digit system, in which each call is dialed using all ten digits.
Following liberalisation in 1998, subscribers could access different carriers by replacing the "0" (omitted from numbers when called from outside France) with another digit. For example, Cegetel required subscribers to dial "7", e.g.: Paris 71 xx xx xx xx, instead of 01 xx xx xx xx. Similarly, the international access code using Cegetel would be "70" instead of "00".
Overseas departments and territoriesEdit
The French overseas departments (départements d'outre mer or DOMs), Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana and Réunion have separate country codes from metropolitan France, although they are treated as part of the French numbering plan, with direct dialing for calls between the DOMs (including collectivités territoriales) and metropolitan France. Guadeloupe shares its country code with the collectivities Saint Barthelemy and Saint Martin). Calls between the DOMs and metropolitan France require only the '0' to be dialed.
Since 2001, telephone numbers in the DOMs have followed the same ten-digit format as metropolitan France, with the country code being used as a geographical area code:
Guadeloupe, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-MartinEdit
- Fixed phone line: 0 590 xx xx xx
- Mobile phone line: 0 690 xx xx xx
- Fixed phone line: +590 590 xx xx xx
- Mobile phone line: +590 690 xx xx xx
- Fixed phone line: 0 594 xx xx xx
- Mobile phone line: 0 694 xx xx xx
- Fixed phone line: +594 594 xx xx xx
- Mobile phone line: +594 694 xx xx xx
- Fixed phone line: 0 596 xx xx xx
- Mobile phone line: 0 696 xx xx xx
- Fixed phone line: +596 596 xx xx xx
- Mobile phone line: +596 696 xx xx xx
- Fixed phone line: 0 262 xx xx xx
- Mobile phone line: 0 692 xx xx xx or 0 693 xx xx xx
- Fixed phone line: +262 262 xx xx xx
- Mobile phone line: +262 692 xx xx xx or +262 693 xx xx xx
- From France, including Mayotte: 0 269 xx xx xx
- From Comoros: xx xx xx
- Outside France and Comoros: +269 xx xx xx
On March 30, 2007, Mayotte adopted the +262 code, used by Réunion, and a new numbering range was introduced for mobile phones:
- From France:
- Fixed phone line: 0 269 xx xx xx
- Mobile phone line: 0 639 xx xx xx
- Outside France:
- Fixed phone line: +262 269 xx xx xx
- Mobile phone line: +262 639 xx xx xx
- From France: 0 508 xx xx xx
- Outside France: +508 xx xx xx
Calls to and from the territoires d'outre mer, however, require full international dialing, hence the international access code and country code must be used:
- Paris from New Caledonia: 00 33 1 xx xx xx xx
- New Caledonia from Paris: 00 687 xx xx xx
Andorra and MonacoEdit
Until 17 December 1994, Andorra formed part of the French numbering plan, with numbers beginning with 628, after which the principality adopted the country code 376. Consequently, all calls from France to Andorra must be dialed in international format 00 376 plus the phone number, while calls from Andorra to France similarly must be dialed as 00 33 plus the phone number. On 21 June 1996, Monaco similarly adopted its own country code 377, replacing access from France (+33 93).