The Daily Telegraph

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The Daily Telegraph, known online and elsewhere as The Telegraph, is a British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed in the United Kingdom and internationally. It was founded by Arthur B. Sleigh in 1855 as The Daily Telegraph and Courier.[7] The Telegraph is considered a newspaper of record.[8] The paper's motto, "Was, is, and will be", was included in its emblem which was used for over a century starting in 1858.[1]

The Daily Telegraph
Was, is, and will be[1]
160th anniversary edition front page on 29 June 2015
TypeDaily newspaper
Owner(s)Telegraph Media Group
Founder(s)Arthur B. Sleigh
EditorChris Evans[2]
Founded29 June 1855; 169 years ago (1855-06-29) (as Daily Telegraph & Courier)
Political alignmentConservative[3]
HeadquartersLondon, England
CountryUnited Kingdom
Circulation317,817 (as of December 2019)[6]
Sister newspapersThe Sunday Telegraph
OCLC number49632006 Edit this at Wikidata

Its sister paper, The Sunday Telegraph, which started in 1961, had a circulation of 281,025 as of December 2018.[9] The two sister newspapers are run separately, with different editorial staff,[10] but there is cross-usage of stories. It is now politically conservative and supports the Conservative Party.[8] It was politically moderately liberal before the late 1870s.[11]

The Telegraph has had a number of news scoops, including the outbreak of World War II by rookie reporter Clare Hollingworth, described as "the scoop of the century",[12] the 2009 parliamentary expenses scandal – which led to a number of high-profile political resignations and for which it was named 2009 British Newspaper of the Year[13] – its 2016 undercover investigation on the England football manager Sam Allardyce,[14] and the Lockdown Files in 2023.[15]



Founding and early history


The Daily Telegraph and Courier was founded by Colonel Arthur B. Sleigh in June 1855 to air a personal grievance against the future commander-in-chief of the British Army, Prince George, Duke of Cambridge.[8][16] Joseph Moses Levy, the owner of The Sunday Times, agreed to print the newspaper, and the first edition was published on 29 June 1855. The paper cost 2d and was four pages long.[8] Nevertheless, the first edition stressed the quality and independence of its articles and journalists: "We shall be guided by a high tone of independent action."[1] As the paper was not a success, Sleigh was unable to pay Levy the printing bill.[16]

Levy took over the newspaper, his aim being to produce a cheaper newspaper than his main competitors in London, the Daily News and The Morning Post, to expand the size of the overall market.[citation needed] Levy appointed his son, Edward Levy-Lawson, Lord Burnham, and Thornton Leigh Hunt to edit the newspaper. Lord Burnham relaunched the paper as The Daily Telegraph, with the slogan "the largest, best, and cheapest newspaper in the world".[17] Hunt laid out the newspaper's principles in a memorandum sent to Levy: "We should report all striking events in science, so told that the intelligent public can understand what has happened and can see its bearing on our daily life and our future. The same principle should apply to all other events—to fashion, to new inventions, to new methods of conducting business".[18]

In 1876, Jules Verne published his novel Michael Strogoff, whose plot takes place during a fictional uprising and war in Siberia. Verne included among the book's characters a war correspondent of The Daily Telegraph, named Harry Blount—who is depicted as an exceptionally dedicated, resourceful and brave journalist, taking great personal risks to follow closely the ongoing war and bring accurate news of it to The Telegraph's readership, ahead of competing papers.[19]

In 1882 The Daily Telegraph moved to new Fleet Street premises, which were pictured in the Illustrated London News.

1901 to 1945


In 1908, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany gave a controversial interview to The Daily Telegraph that severely damaged Anglo-German relations and added to international tensions in the build-up to World War I.[20][21] In 1928, the son of Baron Burnham, Harry Lawson Webster Levy-Lawson, 2nd Baron Burnham, sold the paper to William Berry, 1st Viscount Camrose, in partnership with his brother Gomer Berry, 1st Viscount Kemsley and Edward Iliffe, 1st Baron Iliffe.

In 1937, the newspaper absorbed The Morning Post, which traditionally espoused a conservative position and sold predominantly amongst the retired officer class. Originally William Ewart Berry, 1st Viscount Camrose, bought The Morning Post with the intention of publishing it alongside The Daily Telegraph, but poor sales of the former led him to merge the two. For some years, the paper was retitled The Daily Telegraph and Morning Post before it reverted to just The Daily Telegraph. In the late 1930s, Victor Gordon Lennox, The Telegraph's diplomatic editor, published an anti-appeasement private newspaper The Whitehall Letter that received much of its information from leaks from Sir Robert Vansittart, the Permanent Under-Secretary of the Foreign Office, and Rex Leeper, the Foreign Office's Press Secretary.[22] As a result, Gordon Lennox was monitored by MI5.[22] In 1939, The Telegraph published Clare Hollingworth's scoop that Germany was to invade Poland.[23]

In November 1940, Fleet Street, with its close proximity to the river and docklands, was subjected to almost daily bombing raids by the Luftwaffe and The Telegraph started printing in Manchester at Kemsley House (now The Printworks entertainment venue), which was run by Camrose's brother Kemsley. Manchester quite often printed the entire run of The Telegraph when its Fleet Street offices were under threat. The name Kemsley House was changed to Thomson House in 1959. In 1986, printing of Northern editions of the Daily and Sunday Telegraph moved to Trafford Park and in 2008 to Newsprinters at Knowsley, Liverpool.

During the Second World War, The Daily Telegraph covertly helped in the recruitment of code-breakers for Bletchley Park. The ability to solve The Telegraph's crossword in under 12 minutes was considered to be a recruitment test. The newspaper was asked to organise a crossword competition, after which each of the successful participants was contacted and asked if they would be prepared to undertake "a particular type of work as a contribution to the war effort". The competition itself was won by F. H. W. Hawes of Dagenham who finished the crossword in less than eight minutes.[24]

1946 to 1985


Both the Camrose (Berry) and Burnham (Levy-Lawson) families remained involved in management until Conrad Black took control in 1986. On the death of his father in 1954, Seymour Berry, 2nd Viscount Camrose assumed the chairmanship of the Daily Telegraph with his brother Michael Berry, Baron Hartwell as his editor-in-chief. During this period, the company saw the launch of sister paper The Sunday Telegraph in 1960.[25]

1986 to 2004


Canadian businessman Conrad Black, through companies controlled by him, bought the Telegraph Group in 1986. Black, through his holding company Ravelston Corporation, owned 78% of Hollinger Inc. which in turn owned 30% of Hollinger International. Hollinger International in turn owned the Telegraph Group and other publications such as the Chicago Sun-Times, the Jerusalem Post and The Spectator.

On 18 January 2004, Black was dismissed as chairman of the Hollinger International board over allegations of financial wrongdoing. Black was also sued by the company. Later that day, it was reported that the Barclay brothers had agreed to purchase Black's 78% interest in Hollinger Inc. for £245m, giving them a controlling interest in the company, and to buy out the minority shareholders later. However, a lawsuit was filed by the Hollinger International board to try to block Black from selling his shares in Hollinger Inc. until an investigation into his dealings was completed. Black filed a countersuit but, eventually, United States judge Leo Strine sided with the Hollinger International board and blocked Black from selling his Hollinger Inc. shares to the twins.

On 7 March 2004, the twins announced that they were launching another bid, this time just for The Daily Telegraph and its Sunday sister paper rather than all of Hollinger Inc. The then owner of the Daily Express, Richard Desmond, was also interested in purchasing the paper, selling his interest in several pornographic magazines to finance the initiative. Desmond withdrew in March 2004, when the price climbed above £600m,[26] as did Daily Mail and General Trust plc a few months later on 17 June.[27]

Since 2004


In November 2004, The Telegraph celebrated the tenth anniversary of its website, Electronic Telegraph, now renamed The Electronic Telegraph launched in 1995 with The Daily Telegraph Guide to the Internet'[28] by writer Sue Schofield for an annual charge of £180.00. On 8 May 2006, the first stage of a major redesign of the website took place, with a wider page layout and greater prominence for audio, video and journalist blogs.

On 10 October 2005, The Daily Telegraph relaunched to incorporate a tabloid sports section and a new standalone business section. The Daily Mail's star columnist and political analyst Simon Heffer left that paper in October 2005 to rejoin The Daily Telegraph, where he has become associate editor. Heffer has written two columns a week for the paper since late October 2005 and is a regular contributor to the news podcast. In November 2005, the first regular podcast service by a newspaper in the UK was launched.[29] Just before Christmas 2005, it was announced that The Telegraph titles would be moving from Canada Place in Canary Wharf, to new offices at Victoria Plaza at 111 Buckingham Palace Road near Victoria Station in central London.[30] The new office features a "hub and spoke" layout for the newsroom to produce content for print and online editions.

In October 2006, with its relocation to Victoria, the company was renamed the Telegraph Media Group, repositioning itself as a multimedia company. On 2 September 2008, the Daily Telegraph was printed with colour on each page for the first time when it left Westferry for Newsprinters at Broxbourne, Hertfordshire, another arm of the Murdoch company.[31] The paper is also printed in Liverpool and Glasgow by Newsprinters. In May 2009, the daily and Sunday editions published details of MPs' expenses. This led to a number of high-profile resignations from both the ruling Labour administration and the Conservative opposition.

In June 2014, The Telegraph was criticised by Private Eye for its policy of replacing experienced journalists and news managers with less-experienced staff and search engine optimisers.[32]

On 26 October 2019, the Financial Times reported that the Barclay Brothers were about to put the Telegraph Media Group up for sale. The Financial Times also reported that the Daily Mail and General Trust (owner of the Daily Mail, The Mail on Sunday, Metro and Ireland on Sunday) would be interested in buying.[33][34]

The Daily Telegraph supported Liz Truss in the July–September 2022 Conservative Party leadership election.[35]

In July 2023, it was announced that Lloyds Banking Group had appointed Mike McTighe as chairman of Press Acquisitions Limited and May Corporation Limited in order to spearhead the sale of The Telegraph and The Spectator.[36]

Accusation of news coverage influence by advertisers


In July 2014, the Daily Telegraph was criticised for carrying links on its website to pro-Kremlin articles supplied by a Russian state-funded publication that downplayed any Russian involvement in the downing of the passenger jet Malaysia Airlines Flight 17.[37] These had featured on its website as part of a commercial deal, but were later removed.[38]

As of 2014,[needs update] the paper was paid £900,000 a year to include the supplement Russia Beyond the Headlines, a publication sponsored by the Rossiyskaya Gazeta, the Russian government's official newspaper.[39]

In February 2015, the chief political commentator of the Daily Telegraph, Peter Oborne, resigned. Oborne accused the paper of a "form of fraud on its readers"[40] for its coverage of the bank HSBC in relation to a Swiss tax-dodging scandal that was widely covered by other news media. He alleged that editorial decisions about news content had been heavily influenced by the advertising arm of the newspaper because of commercial interests.[41] Jay Rosen at New York University stated that Oborne's resignation statement was "one of the most important things a journalist has written about journalism lately".[41]

Oborne cited other instances of advertising strategy influencing the content of articles, linking the refusal to take an editorial stance on the repression of democratic demonstrations in Hong Kong to the Telegraph's support from China. Additionally, he said that favourable reviews of the Cunard cruise liner Queen Mary II appeared in the Telegraph, noting: "On 10 May last year The Telegraph ran a long feature on Cunard's Queen Mary II liner on the news review page. This episode looked to many like a plug for an advertiser on a page normally dedicated to serious news analysis. I again checked and certainly Telegraph competitors did not view Cunard's liner as a major news story. Cunard is an important Telegraph advertiser."[40]

In response, the Telegraph called Oborne's statement an "astonishing and unfounded attack, full of inaccuracy and innuendo".[41] Later that month, Telegraph editor Chris Evans invited journalists at the newspaper to contribute their thoughts on the issue.[42] Press Gazette reported later in 2015 that Oborne had joined the Daily Mail tabloid newspaper and The Telegraph had "issued new guidelines over the way editorial and commercial staff work together".[43]

In January 2017, the Telegraph Media Group had a higher number of upheld complaints than any other UK newspaper by its regulator IPSO.[44] Most of these findings pertained to inaccuracy, as with other UK newspapers.[45]

In October 2017, a number of major western news organisations whose coverage had irked Beijing were excluded from Xi Jinping's speech event launching a new politburo. However, the Daily Telegraph had been granted an invitation to the event.[46]

In April 2019, Business Insider reported The Telegraph had partnered with Facebook to publish articles "downplaying 'technofears' and praising the company".[47]

Premature obituaries


The paper published premature obituaries for Cockie Hoogterp,[when?] the second wife of Baron Blixen,[48] Dave Swarbrick in 1999,[48] and Dorothy Southworth Ritter, the widow of Tex Ritter and mother of John Ritter, in August 2001.[48]

Accusation of antisemitism


Editors for both the Daily Telegraph and the Sunday Telegraph have been criticised by Guardian columnist Owen Jones for publishing and authoring articles which espouse an antisemitic conspiracy theory.[49] In 2018, Allister Heath, the editor of the Sunday Telegraph wrote that "Cultural Marxism is running rampant."[50] Assistant comment editor of the Daily Telegraph, Sherelle Jacobs, also used the term in 2019.[51] The Daily Telegraph also published an anonymous civil servant who stated: "There is a strong presence of Anglophobia, combined with cultural Marxism that runs through the civil service."[52]

False allegations of Islamic extremism


In January 2019, the paper published an article written by Camilla Tominey titled "Police called in after Scout group run from mosque is linked to Islamic extremist and Holocaust denier"[53] in which it was reported that the police were investigating Ahammed Hussain, the Leader of the Scout Group at the Lewisham Islamic Centre, because he had links to extremist Muslim groups that promoted terrorism and antisemitism.

In January 2020, the paper issued an official apology and accepted that the article contained many falsehoods, and that Hussain had never supported or promoted terrorism, or been antisemitic. The paper paid Hussain damages and costs.[54] In a letter sent to Hussain's lawyers accompanying the text of their published apology, the newspaper's lawyers wrote: "The article was published by our client following receipt of information in good faith from the Scout Association and the Henry Jackson Society; nevertheless our client now accepts that the article (using that expression to refer to both print and online versions) is defamatory of your client and will apologise to him for publishing it."[55]

China Watch


In 2016, the Hong Kong Free Press reported that The Daily Telegraph was receiving £750,000 annually to carry a supplement called 'China Watch' as part of a commercial deal with Chinese state-run newspaper China Daily.[56] The Guardian reported in 2018 that the China Watch supplement was being carried by The Telegraph along with other newspapers of record such as The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal and Le Figaro.[57] The Telegraph published the supplement once a month in print, and published it online at least until March 2020.[58]

In April 2020, The Telegraph removed China Watch from its website, along with another advertisement feature section by a Chinese state-run media outlet titled "People's Daily Online", and had run many pieces critical of China since the start of the pandemic.[59][60]

COVID-19 misinformation


In January 2021 British press regulator, the Independent Press Standards Organisation ordered The Daily Telegraph to publish a correction to two "significantly misleading" claims in a comment article published by Toby Young. The July 2020 article "When we have herd immunity Boris will face a reckoning on this pointless and damaging lockdown," which spread COVID-19 misinformation that the common cold provided "natural immunity" to COVID-19 and that London was "probably approaching herd immunity".[61][62] The regulator said that a correction was appropriate rather than a more serious response due to the level of scientific uncertainty at the time the comment was published.[62] At the time of the ruling, the Telegraph had removed the comment article but had not issued a correction.[62]

Climate change


The Telegraph has published multiple columns and news articles which promote pseudoscientific views on climate change, and misleadingly cast the subject of climate change as a subject of active scientific debate when there is a scientific consensus on climate change.[69] It has published columns about the "conspiracy behind the Anthropogenic Global Warming myth",[66] described climate scientists as "white-coated prima donnas and narcissists,"[66][67] and claimed that "global warming causes about as much damage as benefits."[68] In 2015, a Telegraph news article incorrectly claimed that scientists predicted a mini-ice age by 2030.[67] Climate change denying journalist James Delingpole was first to use "Climategate" on his Telegraph blog for a manufactured controversy where emails were leaked from climate scientists ahead of the Copenhagen climate summit and misleadingly presented to give the appearance that the climate scientists were engaged in fraud.[70]

In 2014, The Telegraph was one of several media titles to give evidence to the House of Commons Select Committee 'Communicating climate science'. The paper told MPs they believe climate change is happening and humans play a role in it. Editors told the committee, "we believe that the climate is changing, that the reason for that change includes human activity, but that human ingenuity and adaptability should not be ignored in favour of economically damaging prescriptions."[71]

In November 2023, the journalist and climate activist group DeSmog published its judgments for coverage of environmental topics in 171 of The Telegraph's opinion pieces from April to October 2023. DeSmog stated that of these 171 pieces, 85 per cent were categorized as "anti-green", defined as "attacking climate policy, questioning climate science and ridiculing environmental groups."[72][73]

Owen Paterson


The Daily Telegraph, in particular its columnist and former editor Charles Moore, were staunch supporters of Owen Paterson, a former MP and minister who resigned after it was found that he had breached advocacy rules to lobby ministers for fees. A plan to overhaul the Commons standard and spare Paterson from being suspended and a possible recall petition that follows was leaked to the newspaper and it was "approvingly" splashed across the paper's front page.[according to whom?] Boris Johnson flew back from the COP 26 summit in Glasgow to attend a Telegraph journalists' reunion at the Garrick and was seen[by whom?] to leave the club with Moore the same evening.[74][additional citation(s) needed]

2023–2024 takeover bid


In June 2023, The Guardian and other newspapers reported that, following a breakdown in discussions relating to a financial dispute, Lloyds Bank was planning to take over control of the companies owning the Telegraph titles and the Spectator and sell them off.[75][76][77] Representatives of the Barclay family have described the reports as "irresponsible".[78] By October 20, a sale of the publications had been initiated after bankers seized control. Lloyds appointed receivers and started shopping the brands to bidders.[79]

In November 2023, Conservative lawmakers raised the national security concerns, and pushed the government to investigate into the United Arab Emirates government's support to the Barclay family to reclaim The Telegraph. The Barclay family was ready to repay the loan of £1 billion to Lloyds Bank, after it was helped through the loan from RedBird IMI, a joint venture between RedBird-Capital partner and the UAE-based International Media Investment, to regain The Telegraph. The UK lawmakers said the UAE royal family's hold on The Telegraph may be "a risk to our national security".[80] The possibility that an association backed by Abu Dhabi could own an important British newspaper group worried representatives of all parties, together with human rights campaigners, since the UAE does not respect freedom of speech, also detains activists, academics and lawyers.[81] The culture secretary Lucy Frazer issued a public interest intervention notice on 30 November[82] preventing the group from taking over without further scrutiny from the media regulator Ofcom over potential breaches of media standards.[83][84] Conservative MPs also called on Oliver Dowden, Deputy PM of the UK to use the National Security and Investment Act to investigate the Emirati takeover.[85]

Chairman Andrew Neil threatened to quit if the sale was approved, saying "You cannot have a major mainstream newspaper group owned by an undemocratic government or dictatorship where no one has a vote."[86] Fraser Nelson, editor of The Spectator which would be included in the sale, also opposed the move, saying, "the very reason why a foreign government would want to buy a sensitive asset is the very reason why a national government should be wary of selling them."[87] The Lords voted a new law, under which restrictions were imposed on foreign governments regarding the ownership of British newspapers and magazines. Under the law, foreign powers, including the UAE, will be allowed up to a 0.1 per cent stake in The Daily Telegraph, The Spectator and other publications.[88][89]

In April 2024, the UK government banned the UAE-backed firm RedBird IMI, from taking over The Daily Telegraph, The Spectator and The Sunday Telegraph, by introducing new laws which prevented foreign powers from owning British newspapers. RedBird also confirmed it would withdraw its takeover plans, saying they were "no longer feasible".[90]



It had a circulation of 270,000 in 1856, and 240,000 in 1863.[11] It had a circulation of 1,393,094 in 1968, and 1,358,875 in 1978.[91] It had a circulation of 1,439,000 in 1980, and 1,235,000 in 1984.[92] It had a circulation of 1,133,173 in 1988.[91] The paper had a circulation of 363,183 in December 2018, not including bulk sales.[9] It descended further until it withdrew from newspaper circulation audits in 2020.[93] The bulk of its readership has moved online; the Telegraph Media Group reported a subscription number of 1,035,710 for December 2023, composed of 117,586 for its print edition, 688,012 for its digital version and 230,112 for other subscriptions.[94]

Political stance


The Daily Telegraph supported Whig,[95] and moderate liberal ideas, before the late 1870s.[11] The Daily Telegraph is politically conservative and has endorsed the Conservative Party at every UK general election since 1945.[96][97] The personal links between the paper's editors and the leadership of the Conservative Party, along with the paper's generally right-wing stance and influence over Conservative activists, have led the paper commonly to be referred to, especially in Private Eye, as the Torygraph.[96]

When the Barclay brothers purchased the Telegraph Group for around £665 million in late June 2004, Sir David Barclay suggested that The Daily Telegraph might no longer be the "house newspaper" of the Conservatives in the future. In an interview with The Guardian, he said: "Where the government are right we shall support them." The editorial board endorsed the Conservative Party in the 2005 general election.[citation needed] During the 2014 Scottish independence referendum, the paper supported the Better Together 'No' Campaign.[98][99][100][101] Alex Salmond, the former leader of the SNP, called The Telegraph "extreme" on Question Time in September 2015.[102] In the 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, it endorsed voting to leave the EU.[103]

In December 2015, The Daily Telegraph was fined £30,000 in 2015 for "sending an unsolicited email to hundreds of thousands of its subscribers, urging them to vote for the Conservatives."[104] During the 2019 Conservative Party leadership election, The Daily Telegraph endorsed their former columnist Boris Johnson.[105] In 2019, former columnist Graham Norton, who had left the paper in late 2018, said "about a year before I left, it took a turn" and criticised it for "toxic" political stances, namely for a piece defending US Supreme Court then-nominee Brett Kavanaugh and for being "a mouthpiece for Boris Johnson" whose columns were allegedly published with "no fact-checking at all".[106]

LGBT+ rights


In 2012, prior to the legalisation of same-sex marriage in the United Kingdom, Telegraph View published an editorial stating that it was a "pointless distraction" as "many [gay couples] already avail themselves of the civil partnerships introduced by Labour".[107] The Telegraph wrote in another editorial that same year that it feared that changing "the law on gay marriage risks inflaming anti-homosexual bigotry".[108]

In 2015, the newspaper published an article by former editor Charles Moore claiming a "gay rights sharia" was dictating what the LGBT+ community should believe, following Dolce & Gabbana's openly gay founders criticising gay adoptions. Moore wrote: "If you are gay, Mr Strudwick seemed to assert, there are certain things you must believe. Nothing else is permitted under the gay rights sharia."[109] Moore has previously expressed his views that civil partnerships achieved a "balance" for heterosexual and homosexual couples.[110] In 2013, he wrote: "Respectable people are truly terrified of being thought anti-homosexual. In a way, they are right to be, because attacking people for their personal preferences can be a nasty thing."[111]

Also in 2015, The Telegraph published its "Out at Work" list, naming "the top 50 list of LGBT executives".[112][importance?] Since then, The Telegraph appeared to shift towards a more liberal attitude on LGBT+ issues, publishing articles that then-Prime Minister Theresa May needed to be "serious about LGBT equality"[113] and that "bathroom bills" in Texas – which were criticised as being transphobic – were "a Kafkaesque state intrusion".[114] The newspaper also featured an article written by Maria Munir about their experience coming out to President Barack Obama as non-binary.[115] Stonewall CEO Ruth Hunt penned an article in The Telegraph after the Orlando nightclub shooting in June 2016 that the attack on a gay nightclub "grew out of everyday homophobia".[116]

Also in 2016, Telegraph Executive Director Lord Black was awarded Peer of the Year at the 2016 PinkNews Awards for his campaigning on LGBT rights.[117] The Telegraph has published articles which have been criticised by PinkNews as transphobic.[118] In 2017, the newspaper published an article by Allison Pearson titled: "Will our spineless politicians' love affair with LGBT ever end?", arguing that NHS patients' being asked their sexual orientation was unnecessary and another in 2018 with the headline: "The tyranny of the transgender minority has got to be stopped."[119][120]

Sister publications


The Sunday Telegraph


The Daily Telegraph's sister Sunday paper was founded in 1961. The writer Sir Peregrine Worsthorne is probably the best known journalist associated with the title (1961–1997),[according to whom?] eventually being editor for three years from 1986. In 1989, the Sunday title was briefly merged into a seven-day operation under Max Hastings's overall control. In 2005, the paper was revamped, with Stella being added to the more traditional television and radio section. It costs £2.20 and includes separate Money, Living, Sport and Business supplements. Circulation of The Sunday Telegraph in July 2010 was 505,214 (ABC).

Young Telegraph


Young Telegraph was a weekly section of The Daily Telegraph published as a 14-page supplement in the weekend edition of the newspaper. Young Telegraph featured a mixture of news, features, cartoon strips and product reviews aimed at 8–12-year-olds. It was edited by Damien Kelleher (1993–1997) and Kitty Melrose (1997–1999). Launched in 1990, the award-winning supplement also ran original serialised stories featuring popular brands such as Young Indiana Jones and the British children's sitcom Maid Marian and Her Merry Men. It featured the cartoon "Mad Gadget" by Chris Winn, and a computer game "Mad Gadget: Lost In Time" (1993) and a book "Mad Gadget: Gadget Mad" (1995) were produced.

In 1995, an interactive spin-off called Electronic Young Telegraph (EYT) was launched on floppy disk. Described as an interactive computer magazine for children, Electronic Young Telegraph was edited by Adam Tanswell, who led the relaunch of the product on CD-Rom in 1998.[121] Electronic Young Telegraph featured original content including interactive quizzes, informative features and computer games, as well as entertainment news and reviews. It was later re-branded as T:Drive in 1999.


edit is the online version of the newspaper. It uses the banner title The Telegraph and includes articles from the print editions of The Daily Telegraph and The Sunday Telegraph, as well as web-only content such as breaking news, features, picture galleries and blogs. It was named UK Consumer Website of the Year in 2007[122] and Digital Publisher of the year in 2009[123] by the Association of Online Publishers.[124] The site is overseen by Kate Day,[125] digital director of Telegraph Media Group. Other staff include Shane Richmond, head of technology (editorial),[126] and Ian Douglas, head of digital production.[127] In November 2012, international customers accessing the site would have to sign up for a subscription package. Visitors had access to 20 free articles a month before having to subscribe for unlimited access. In March 2013, the pay meter system was also rolled out in the UK.[128]

The site, which has been the focus of the group's efforts to create an integrated news operation producing content for print and online from the same newsroom, completed a relaunch during 2008 involving the use of the Escenic content management system, popular among northern European and Scandinavian newspaper groups. Telegraph TV is a Video on Demand service run by The Daily Telegraph and the Sunday Telegraph. It is hosted on The Telegraph's website, became the most popular UK newspaper site in April 2008.[129] It was overtaken by in April 2009 and later by "Mail Online".[130] In December 2010, "" was the third most visited British newspaper website with 1.7 million daily browsers compared to 2.3 million for "" and nearly 3 million for "Mail Online".[131] In October 2023, "" was the tenth most visited UK newspaper site, with 13.8 million monthly visits, compared to the most popular, the BBC, with 38.3 million.[132]



The website was launched, under the name electronic telegraph at midday on 15 November 1994 at the headquarters of The Daily Telegraph at Canary Wharf in London Docklands with Ben Rooney as its first editor.[133] It was Europe's first daily web-based newspaper. At this time, the modern internet was still in its infancy, with as few as 10,000 websites estimated to have existed at the time – compared to more than 100 billion by 2009. In 1994, only around 1% of the British population (some 600,000 people) had internet access at home, compared to more than 80% in 2009.[134]

Initially, the site published only the top stories from the print edition of the newspaper but it gradually increased its coverage until virtually all of the newspaper was carried online and the website was also publishing original material. The website, hosted on a Sun Microsystems Sparc 20 server and connected via a 64 kbit/s leased line from Demon Internet, was edited by Ben Rooney.[citation needed]

An early coup for the site was the publication of articles by Ambrose Evans-Pritchard on Bill Clinton and the Whitewater controversy. The availability of the articles online brought a large American audience to the site. In 1997, the Clinton administration issued a 331-page report that accused Evans-Pritchard of peddling "right-wing inventions". Derek Bishton, who by then had succeeded Rooney as editor, later wrote: "In the days before ET it would have been highly unlikely that anyone in the US would have been aware of Evans-Pritchard's work – and certainly not to the extent that the White House would be forced to issue such a lengthy rebuttal."[135] Bishton, who later became consulting editor for Telegraph Media Group, was followed as editor by Richard Burton, who was made redundant in August 2006. Edward Roussel replaced Burton.

My Telegraph


My Telegraph offers a platform for readers to have their own blog, save articles, and network with other readers. Launched in May 2007, My Telegraph won a Cross Media Award from international newspaper organisation IFRA in October 2007.[136] One of the judges, Robert Cauthorn, described the project as "the best deployment of blogging yet seen in any newspaper anywhere in the world".

Notable stories


In December 2010, Telegraph reporters posing as constituents secretly recorded Business Secretary Vince Cable. In an undisclosed part of the transcript given to the BBC's Robert Peston by a whistleblower unhappy that The Telegraph had not published Cable's comments in full, Cable stated in reference to Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation takeover bid for BSkyB, "I have declared war on Mr Murdoch and I think we are going to win."[137] Following this revelation, Cable had his responsibility for media affairs – including ruling on Murdoch's takeover plans – withdrawn from his role as business secretary.[138]

In May 2011, the Press Complaints Commission upheld a complaint regarding The Telegraph's use of subterfuge: "On this occasion, the commission was not convinced that the public interest was such as to justify proportionately this level of subterfuge."[139] In July 2011, a firm of private investigators hired by The Telegraph to track the source of the leak concluded "strong suspicion" that two former Telegraph employees who had moved to News International, one of them Will Lewis, had gained access to the transcript and audio files and leaked them to Peston.[140]

2009 MP expenses scandal


In May 2009, The Daily Telegraph obtained a full copy of all the expenses claims of British Members of Parliament. The Telegraph began publishing, in instalments from 8 May 2009, certain MPs' expenses.[141] The Telegraph justified the publication of the information because it contended that the official information due to be released would have omitted key information about redesignating of second-home nominations.[142] This led to a number of high-profile resignations from both the ruling Labour administration and the Conservative opposition.

2016 Sam Allardyce investigation


In September 2016, Telegraph reporters posing as businessmen filmed England manager Sam Allardyce, offering to give advice on how to get around on FA rules on player third party ownership and negotiating a £400,000 deal.[14] The investigation saw Allardyce leave his job by mutual consent on 27 September and making the statement "entrapment has won".[143]

Reception and historical value


Denise Bates included The Daily Telegraph in a list of national newspapers which, because of the quality of their reporting, or the extent of their audience, stand out and are likely to be used for historical research.[144] The editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica said that The Daily Telegraph has consistently had a "high standard of reporting".[145] The Daily Telegraph was renowned for its foreign correspondents. According to the DNCJ, during the nineteenth century The Daily Telegraph had excellent coverage of the arts.[11] In 1989, Nicholas and Erbach said The Daily Telegraph is factually accurate, and that its reputation for being so extends outside the country.[146]



The Daily Telegraph has been named the National Newspaper of the Year in 2009, 1996 and 1993, while The Sunday Telegraph won the same award in 1999. Its investigation on the 2009 expenses scandal was named the "Scoop of the Year" in 2009, with William Lewis winning "Journalist of the Year".[147] The Telegraph won "Team of the Year" in 2004 for its coverage of the Iraq War.[147] The paper also won "Columnist of the Year" three years' running from 2002 to 2004: Zoë Heller (2002), Robert Harris (2003) and Boris Johnson (2004).[147]

Charity and fundraising work

The Telegraph designed Paddington Bear statue—themed "Good News Bear"—in London, auctioned to raise funds for the NSPCC.

In 1979, following a letter in The Daily Telegraph and a Government report highlighting the shortfall in care available for premature babies, Bliss, the special care baby charity, was founded. In 2009, as part of the Bliss 30th birthday celebrations, the charity was chosen as one of four beneficiaries of the newspaper's Christmas Charity Appeal.[148] In February 2010, a cheque was presented to Bliss for £120,000.[149]

In 2014, The Telegraph designed a Newspaper-themed Paddington Bear statue, one of fifty located around London prior to the release of the film Paddington, which was auctioned to raise funds for the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC).[150]

Notable people



Name Tenure
Thornton Leigh Hunt 1855 to 1873
Edwin Arnold 1873 to 1888
John le Sage 1888 to 1923
Fred Miller 1923 to 1924
Arthur Watson 1924 to 1950
Colin Coote 1950 to 1964
Maurice Green 1964 to 1974
Bill Deedes 1974 to 1986
Max Hastings 1986 to 1995
Charles Moore 1995 to 2003
Martin Newland 2003 to 2005
John Bryant 2005 to 2007
William Lewis 2007 to 2009
Tony Gallagher 2009 to 2013
Jason Seiken 2013 to 2014
Chris Evans 2014 to present

Notable columnists and journalists


See also



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Further reading

  • Burnham, E. F. L. (1955). Peterborough Court: the story of the Daily Telegraph. Cassell.
  • Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp. 111–16.
  • The House The Berrys Built by Duff Hart-Davis. Concerns the history of The Daily Telegraph' from its inception to 1986. Illustrated with references and illustrations of William Ewart Berry, 1st Viscount Camrose (later called Lord Camrose).
  • William Camrose: Giant of Fleet Street by his son Lord Hartwell. Illustrated biography with black-and-white photographic plates and includes an index. Concerns his links with The Daily Telegraph.