Telecinco is a Spanish free-to-air television channel operated by Mediaset España. The channel was previously known as Tele 5, because it had first begun its experimental transmissions on 10 March 1989, and a year later, it was officially launched on 3 March, 1990, becoming the fifth of the national terrestrial television channels and the second private channel in Spain. In 1997, Tele 5 was rebranded as Telecinco, dropping the biscione-absent flower logo seen in other Mediaset channel logos.

Broadcast areaSpain, Andorra
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
OwnerMediaset España
(MFE - MediaForEurope)
Sister channelsCuatro
Factoría de Ficción
Be Mad
Telecinco HD
Cuatro HD
Launched10 March 1989; 34 years ago (1989-03-10) (experimental transmissions)
3 March 1990; 33 years ago (1990-03-03) (official launch)
Former namesTele 5 (1989–1997)
Digital terrestrial televisionMux 25 (Madrid)
Mux 34 (Barcelona)
Mux 28 (Andorra)
Streaming media
Mitele.esWatch live

History edit

On April 4, 1986, the Council of Ministers of Spain approved private television in the country, the legislation was approved in 1988. On August 25, 1989, the contest was held to obtain three private television licenses, which were granted to Gestevisión Telecinco, Grupo Antena 3 and Sogecable.[1]

Tele 5 began transmissions experimentally in 1989 to officially begin broadcasting on March 3, 1990, although with limited coverage in Madrid and Barcelona.[2] In January 1991, it achieved national coverage by starting broadcasts in the Canary Islands.[3]

From its foundation until 1994, Tele 5 was directed by Valeriu Lazarov. during this period, a television channel similar to the Italian Canale 5 was made, highlighting a programming based mainly on entertainment programs such as contests, varieties, and humor, in addition to some series and movies, leaving the newscasts as 15-minute programs that were broadcast at dawn, with this formula the channel achieved its first audience successes.[4]

In 1994, Maurizio Carlotti was appointed as the new director of the network, this with the aim of improving the financial and programming situation due to the fact that the channel had lost audience and advertisers in favor of Antena 3.[5] Carlotti opted for an increase in the production of series and program formats that had not been broadcast in Spain, such as late shows. In 1997, the channel was reformed so that the identity associated with Canale 5 was abandoned and the production of informative programs was increased.[6] It was also at this time the channel re-branded from Tele 5 to Telecinco.

In 1999, Carlotti became the vice president of Telecinco and acted as CEO of Mediaset, so the direction of the channel passed to Paolo Vasile, who ran the channel from that year until October 2022.[7] With the arrival of the new millennium, Telecinco began its commitment to reality shows and sporting events. In 2004 the channel began trading on the Madrid Stock Exchange and that same year, it snatched the audience leadership from La 1.[8] During this period, the channel began to be accused of generating trash TV due to the proliferation of spaces dedicated to gossip and related entertainment, which were present in Telecinco from its creation until 2023.[9]

On November 30, 2005, Telecinco launched Telecinco Estrellas and Telecinco Sport, the network's thematic channels dedicated to the consolidation of the brand in Spanish digital terrestrial television, which was released on the same day.[10] On September 20, 2010, Telecinco began transmissions in HD.[11]

In 2009 Mediaset and PRISA TV began the procedures for the merger of the open television divisions of both companies,[12] finally the agreement became effective on January 1, 2011, the new company resulting from the process was renamed Mediaset España Comunicación.[13]

After the merger, Telecinco came to control eight channels: Cuatro; LaSiete; Factoría de Ficción; Divinity; Boing; Energy and Nueve, so part of its programming was allocated to the grids of the rest of the group's channels. In May 2014, LaSiete and Nueve were closed due to a court order.[14] In 2016 Telecinco launched Be Mad.[15]

In 2017, the channel was involved in a scandal due to an alleged sexual abuse that occurred during Gran Hermano, the local version of Big Brother. The crisis resulted in the abandonment of some advertisers due to the network's handling of the crisis, which was accused of acting late, exposing the victim to reliving the situation and trying to silence the information related to the act.[16][17][18]

In 2022, Telecinco began to suffer from an exhaustion in its programming, which resulted in the loss of leadership in favor of Antena 3. For this reason, Mediaset initiated a reform in the channel's programming, Paolo Vasile left his position and was replaced by Alessandro Salem, who assumed greater responsibility in the position.[19]

As of 2023, a process of change began in the channel that sought to eliminate gossip and social affairs programs in favor of family content such as contests, in addition to establishing a series of guidelines for presenters and collaborators of the channel, to which they prohibited them from issuing political ideas on entertainment programs or criticizing other programs on the network and some celebrities.[20]

Programming edit

In 2014, Telecinco was the most viewed channel in Spain with a share of 14.5%. Telecinco is a general channel catering to all audiences. It shows popular films, series, and entertainment shows.

The channel's programming includes such series as La que se avecina, Sin tetas no hay paraíso, and Aída, as well as the entertainment shows Crónicas marcianas and Hay una cosa que te quiero decir and the talent show The Voice.

The channel is also known for its reality shows, having produced a number of popular series in the last decade – Gran Hermano, Supervivientes, Hotel Glam, and Operación Triunfo, amongst others. Reality shows feed many of the channel's other programmes such as the morning show El Programa de Ana Rosa, the afternoon show Sálvame and the weekly discussion show Sálvame Deluxe. All of these programmes experienced a substantial ratings boost thanks to the Reality Effect.

Production edit

Telecinco has digitalised their production facilities. It allowed them to broadcast their channels in up to Spanish and original language, stereo sound, interactive services and high-definition television.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "25 de agosto,en 1989 España concedía las 1ªs licencias a TV privadas". (in Spanish). 25 August 2011. Archived from the original on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  2. ^ "1990-1994: Un arranque prometedor". (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  3. ^ Martín, Carmelo (18 January 1991). "Las islas Canarias pueden ver las televisiones privadas desde ayer". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  4. ^ "Valerio Lazarov, el auténtico renovador de la televisión". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 12 August 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  5. ^ Drago, Mirta (30 November 1994). "Fininvest nombra a Carlotti como nuevo 'hombre fuerte' en España". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  6. ^ "1995-1999: La consolidación". (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  7. ^ "Mediaset deja fuera de juego a Paolo Vasile: Despedido como CEO en plena crisis de audiencias". Fórmula TV (in Spanish). 17 October 2022. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  8. ^ "Los mayores hitos de Telecinco". (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  9. ^ "25 años de telebasura". El descodificador (in Spanish). 3 March 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  10. ^ "Telecinco Estrellas y Telecinco Sport conforman las emisiones TDT de la cadena". Fórmula TV (in Spanish). 30 November 2005. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  11. ^ "Telecinco HD comienza sus emisiones en pruebas". Fórmula TV (in Spanish). 21 September 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  12. ^ "Telecinco y Cuatro se fusionan para liderar la televisión en España". El Pais (in Spanish). 18 December 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  13. ^ "Gestevisión Telecinco será Mediaset España Comunicación". Bolsamanía (in Spanish). 11 March 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  14. ^ "El Supremo ordena el cierre de nueve canales de TDT". 20 minutos (in Spanish). 18 December 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  15. ^ "Nace Be Mad, el canal para las mentes inquietas". Mediaset España (in Spanish). 21 April 2016. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  16. ^ "Vídeo - 'GH' siguió grabando a Carlota Prado tras mostrarle su presunto abuso sexual" (in Spanish). El Confidencial. 19 November 2019.
  17. ^ "Presunto abuso sexual a Carlota Prado en 'GH': verdades y mentiras del caso" (in Spanish). El Confidencial. 30 November 2019.
  18. ^ "Estas son las marcas que abandonan 'Gran Hermano'" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 28 November 2019.
  19. ^ "Alessandro Salem, nuevo consejero delegado de Mediaset en sustitución de Paolo Vasile". El Periódico de España (in Spanish). 10 November 2022. Retrieved 25 June 2023.
  20. ^ Domènech, Albert (5 May 2023). "Mediaset fulminará 'Sálvame' en junio y Ana Rosa llevará la tarde". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 June 2023.

External links edit