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Quarter siliqua of Teia.
Coin of Teia, merely inscribing T REX ("Teia the King").

Teia (died 552 or 553), also known as Teja, Theia, Thila, Thela, Teias, was the last Ostrogothic King of Italy. He led troops during the Battle of Busta Gallorum and had noncombatant Romans slaughtered in its aftermath. In late 552/early 553, he was killed during the Battle of Mons Lactarius. Archaeological records attesting to his rule show up in coinage found in former Translapine Gaul.

LifeEdit

Teia (Teja) was a military officer serving under Totila, who was chosen as his successor and raised over a shield after Totila was killed in the Battle of Taginae (also known as the Battle of Busta Gallorum) in July 552.[1] After this major Gothic defeat, Teia ordered the death of all the Roman senators in Campania including Flavius Maximus, who had been exiled by Belisarius. He also had some 300 Roman children slaughtered, whom Totila had held hostage.[2]

On his way fleeing to southern Italy, he gathered support from prominent figures within Totila's armies, including Scipuar, Gundulf (Indulf), Gibal and Ragnaris, to make his last stand against the Byzantine eunuch general Narses at the Battle of Mons Lactarius, south of present-day Naples, near Nuceria Alfaterna, in late 552/early 553. The Ostrogothic army was defeated there and Teia fell during the fighting.[3] Scipuar and Gibal were probably also killed. Those Goths who survived the battle and remained, negotiated an armistice.[4] Gundulf and Ragnaris escaped from the field; the latter was later mortally wounded after a failed assassination attempt by an agent of Narses.[5] With that defeat, organized Ostrogothic resistance ended. By 554, the Ostrogothic Kingdom had faded into obscurity, and the Gothic peoples that remained, began assimilating into the broader Italian population.[6]

Although brief, Teia ruled from Pavia and silver coins from his short reign circulated all the way along the Alpine trade routes into Gaul.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Norwich 2001, pp. 91–92.
  2. ^ Geary 2002, p. 113.
  3. ^ Wolfram 1988, p. 247.
  4. ^ Heather 2013, p. 165.
  5. ^ Norwich 2001, p. 92.
  6. ^ Burns 1991, p. 215.
  7. ^ Burns 1991, p. 214.

BibliographyEdit

  • Burns, Thomas (1991). A History of the Ostrogoths. Bloomington; Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-25320-600-8.
  • Geary, Patrick J. (2002). The Myth of Nations: The Medieval Origins of Europe. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-69109-054-2.
  • Heather, Peter (2013). The Restoration of Rome: Barbarian Popes and Imperial Pretenders. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19936-851-8.
  • Norwich, John J. (2001). Bisanzio: Splendore e decadenza di un Impero, 330–1453 (in Italian). Milano: Mondadori. ISBN 978-8-80449-922-0.
  • Wolfram, Herwig (1988). History of the Goths. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-05259-5.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Totila
King of the Ostrogoths
c. 552–553
Justinian I's victory