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Teental (or tintal, trital; Hindi: तीन ताल) is the most common tala of Hindustani music, and is used for drut (fast-tempo) Khyal. The structure of tintal is so symmetrical that it presents a very simple rhythmic structure against which a performance can be laid.[1]

ArrangementEdit

Tintal has sixteen (16) beats[2] in four equal divisions (vibhag). The period between every two beats is equal. The first beat out of 16 beats is called sam and the 9th beat is called khali ('empty'). To count the Teental, the audience claps on the first beat, claps on the 5th beat, then waves on the 9th beat and lastly again claps on the 13th beat; these three claps (Hindi tin 'three' + tāl 'clap') give the rhythm its name.

UsesEdit

Tintal can be used for both accompaniment and solo. There are various Kaidas and Parans for it.

ThekaEdit

मात्रा भाग : ४-४-४-४.
धा धिं धिं धा - धा धिं धिं धा - धा तिं तीं ता - ता धिं धीं धा
It has a characteristic pattern of bols (theka).

The Theka for Tintal
dha dhin dhin dha | dha dhin dhin dha |
x 2
dha tin tin ta | ta dhin dhin dha |
o 3

This can also be shown using the following figure[2]

Taal signs X 2 0 3
Maatra 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Bols dha dhin dhin dha dha dhin dhin dha dha tin tin ta ta dhin dhin dha


Note the bols used for the first beat of each division: Dhaa, a bol involving both hands, is played at the beginning of the first, second and final divisions; for the khali section, Naa – a right hand bol – is used to indicate that the division is open. There are some pedagogical variations as to the actual syllables pronounced when reciting the bol, most of which occur in the final two vibhags.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Indian Music - Tintal (Teental)
  2. ^ a b Sarah M. Van Doel (2008). Sikh Music: History, Text, and Praxis. ProQuest. pp. 57–. ISBN 978-0-549-83369-7. Retrieved 1 July 2012.