Edward Norman Baillieu (born 31 July 1953) is a former Australian politician who was Premier of Victoria from 2010 to 2013. He was a Liberal Party member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly from 1999 to 2014, representing the electorate of Hawthorn. He was elected leader of the Liberal Party in opposition in 2006, and served as Premier from 2010 until 2013 after winning the 2010 state election. He resigned as Premier on 6 March 2013, and was succeeded by Denis Napthine.
|46th Premier of Victoria|
Elections: 2006, 2010
2 December 2010 – 6 March 2013
|Governor||David de Kretser|
|Preceded by||John Brumby|
|Succeeded by||Denis Napthine|
|Leader of the Opposition of Victoria|
8 May 2006 – 2 December 2010
|Preceded by||Robert Doyle|
|Succeeded by||Daniel Andrews|
|Leader of the Liberal Party in Victoria|
8 May 2006 – 6 March 2013
|Preceded by||Robert Doyle|
|Succeeded by||Denis Napthine|
|Member of the Victorian Parliament|
18 September 1999 – 29 November 2014
|Preceded by||Phil Gude|
|Succeeded by||John Pesutto|
Edward Norman Baillieu
31 July 1953
|Political party||Liberal Party|
|Children||Eleanor, Martha and Robert|
|Alma mater||University of Melbourne|
Ted Baillieu is the youngest son of Darren and Diana Baillieu. He is also the younger brother of solicitor Ian Baillieu, former ABC presenter Fiona Baillieu, author David Baillieu, former journalist and Portsea activist Kate Baillieu (the widow of state Liberal politician Julian Doyle) and Olympic oarsman and America's Cup yachtsman Will Baillieu. His Walloon great-great-great-grandfather, Étienne Lambert Baillieux (1773–1816), migrated to England from Liège, Belgium. The 3rd Baron Baillieu, James William Latham Baillieu (b. 1950) is his third cousin. He is also the great-grandson of Victorian politician William Knox. He was raised in the Melbourne suburb of Toorak and educated at the Melbourne Grammar School and the University of Melbourne, where he graduated in 1976 with a Bachelor of Architecture degree.
He worked as an architect and for a time joined the family real estate firm Baillieu Knight Frank. The Labor Party ran an election advertisement campaign in 2006 and 2010 claiming he profited from Liberal government policies. Baillieu was also employed by Tourism Victoria from 1998 to 1999, before entering politics.
He joined the Carlton branch of the Liberal Party in 1981 because of his frustration at the power of unions on building sites. By 1987 he was Vice-President of the Victorian Liberal Party and President in 1994. At Jeff Kennett's insistence, Baillieu nominated for Liberal Party preselection for the safe seat of Hawthorn at the 1999 election, to replace the retiring member, former Liberal deputy leader Phil Gude. Baillieu was preselected, and won the seat at the election. It was at this election that Steve Bracks unexpectedly led the Labor Party to victory, with the support of three country independents, one a former Labor supporter and the other two conservatives.
Baillieu immediately joined the Liberal frontbench, serving as Shadow Minister for Tertiary Education and Training (1999–2001), Gaming (July 2000–August 2002) and Planning (September 2001–May 2006).
Liberal Party leadershipEdit
After Robert Doyle resigned as opposition leader on 4 May 2006, speculation mounted that former Victorian Premier Jeff Kennett would return to politics and the position of Liberal Party Leader in order to lead the party into the 2006 state election set down for 25 November 2006. However, on the morning of 5 May 2006, Baillieu not only announced he was running for the leadership, but revealed that Kennett would not return to the leadership and was supporting Baillieu. Shadow Minister for Transport Terry Mulder had earlier announced he was running, but withdrew from the race. This left Baillieu to take the leadership unopposed at a Liberal party room vote on 8 May.
Six months after assuming leadership of the Liberals, Baillieu took the party into the 2006 election. The governing Labor Party, keen to exploit Baillieu's wealth, dubbed him Ted the Toff from Toorak.
Throughout the campaign, media stories about Baillieu's extensive blue chip share portfolio, at the time estimated to be worth almost $4 million, raised questions about conflicts of interest. Baillieu's handling of the issue and his refusal to place his investments in a blind trust were both thought to have hurt the Liberal Party during the campaign. At the 25 November 2006 election, the Liberals came up well short of winning government, though they managed to take six seats off Labor's large majority.
An online campaign against Baillieu by senior Liberal Party members was uncovered and made public, with Baillieu promising to root out the disloyal elements in his party. The media suspected that forces loyal to former Federal Treasurer Peter Costello and former State Party President Michael Kroger, themselves from Melbourne, had attempted to undermine Baillieu.
In February 2008, at a joint news conference it was announced that the Victorian Nationals and Liberals would join in a new Coalition agreement forged between Baillieu and Peter Ryan. As part of the arrangement, the parties agreed to hold joint party meetings, develop joint policies, allocate five shadow cabinet positions to the Nationals, abolish three-cornered contests (unless otherwise agreed) and run joint Legislative Council tickets in the non-metropolitan Regions. The Liberals and Nationals have historically had strained relations in Victoria. They had fought the 1992 and 1996 state elections as a Coalition after having sat separately for most of the second half of the 20th century, but went their separate ways after the 1999 election.
Premier of VictoriaEdit
Baillieu, as Leader of the Opposition, contested the 2010 Victorian state election as the alternative Premier of Victoria with the Leader of the Nationals, Peter Ryan, as the alternative Deputy Premier. Baillieu focused during the election campaign mainly on the policies of health, law and order, government expenditure and the longevity and the ability of the incumbent Labor government to deliver on its promises. Until election eve, polling indicated Labor would win a record fourth term in government, albeit by a tight margin. The final Newspoll saw a two party preferred figure of 48.9 percent for Labor and 51.1 percent to the Liberals and Nationals.
Ultimately, the Coalition picked up a swing of 5.96 percent, larger than what it won during its landslide victory in 1992. Two days after the election, on 29 November, the Premier of Victoria, John Brumby, conceded defeat after it became clear that his government had lost its majority to the opposition. The Coalition only just managed the 13-seat swing it needed to make Baillieu premier. It won 45 seats to Labor's 43, with a parliamentary majority of just one seat after the appointment of Ken Smith as Speaker. On 2 December, Baillieu was sworn in as the 46th Premier of Victoria, along with 22 of the Baillieu/Ryan government ministers.
After two years in office, Baillieu was criticised by business and community leaders for acting too slowly and failing to present a credible policy agenda. His government was criticised for its "backward" environmental record for dismantling protection of native species, cutting support for renewable energy and introducing cattle grazing in the Alpine National Park, as well as for cutting funding for TAFE vocational education.
On 4 March 2013, the Herald Sun released secret recordings which revealed Baillieu's chief of staff, Tony Nutt, had offered to help former Ryan police adviser Tristan Weston find a new job. Weston had been fired after an OPI report found he had undermined Victoria Police chief Simon Overland. The tapes also revealed Nutt had claimed the Baillieu government had hamstrung the operations of a new anti-corruption commission. More tapes were released the next day, in which deputy police chief Sir Ken Jones expressed concerns about Overland and promised to discuss them with Ryan. On 7 March, Liberal MLA Geoff Shaw resigned from the parliamentary Liberal Party and refused to commit to supporting the Government if Baillieu remained Premier. That afternoon, Ryan insisted that Baillieu would not resign. However, after a crisis meeting of Liberal MLAs later that night, Baillieu resigned as Leader of the Liberal Party and hence as Premier of Victoria. He remained in the legislature as a backbencher until his retirement at the 2014 election.
Covert recording controversyEdit
In 2014, Baillieu made off-the-record comments "critical of parliamentary colleagues" to Sunday Age state political editor Farrah Tomazin. Tomazin recorded the comments without Baillieu's knowledge or consent. Tomazin subsequently lost her recorder at an ALP state conference. The recorder was found by security staff and handed over to Labor Party officials. The Baillieu recording was distributed from a fake email address on June 24, 2014. Party leader Daniel Andrews initially denied any Labor involvement. However, The Age’s investigation of the incident led to ALP sources admitting senior figures in Andrews' team had listened to and made copies of the recording, before it was later emailed to hundreds of Liberal members and MPs. The matter was subject to a police investigation, but the Department of Public Prosecutions determined that no charges be laid.
Retirement from politicsEdit
On 22 August 2014, Baillieu announced that he would not re-contest his seat of Hawthorn and that he would be retiring from politics at the 2014 Victorian state election. Since April 2013, Baillieu has acted as Chair of the Victorian Government's ANZAC Centenary Committee, coordinating Victoria's commemorations, and is passionate about connecting as many Victorians as possible with Original ANZACs, whether by family, institution, geography, occupation or place of residence. Baillieu is the recipient of the 2013 Ashoka Medal from the Australia India Business Council Victoria in recognition of his contribution to Australia-India relations; and the Asian Leadership Network of Australia's 2014 Special Public Service Award. He also acted as an Honorary Ambassador for the Victorian Government's 80 Days of Melbourne initiative during which Victoria hosted an unprecedented number of internationally recognised sporting, arts, cultural and trade events between 9 January and 29 March 2015. In 2016 Baillieu became Melbourne University's Honorary Enterprise Professor associated with the Faculty of Architecture, Building & Planning. In 2017 Baillieu joined the Committee of the Melbourne Cricket Club, the Australian Institute of Architects Foundation Board, and was appointed Adjunct Professor at Swinburne University. In 2017 he was appointed Co-Chair of the Victorian Government's Cladding Task Force. Baillieu is Patron of a number of groups including Multicultural Arts Victoria, Public Record Office of Victoria, The Sovereign Hill Museums Association, Queenscliffe Historical Museum and Cancer Council Victoria: Relay for Life, Hawthorn.
Ted Baillieu is married to Robyn and they have three children: Martha, Eleanor and Robert. He is a supporter of the Geelong Football Club, where he is a joint convener of We Are Geelong Supporters (WAGS). Baillieu is a regular Sunday morning swimmer with the Brighton Icebergs including former Mayor of Brighton John Locco. He regularly enters the Pier to Pub swim organised by the Lorne Surf Life Saving Club and has swum in every one of the Portsea Surf Life Saving Club’s Pier to Perignon event over the 4.5 km course from Sorrento Pier to Portsea Pier since the inception of this event in 1989. He also plays golf and basketball.
He is a Fellow of the Australian Institute of Architects, the Geelong Football Club, the Melbourne Cricket Club, the Melbourne Rugby Union Football Club, the Melbourne Savage Club, the Melbourne Victory FC, the Rotary Club of Glenferrie, the Royal Melbourne Golf Club, the Sorrento Golf Club, the Hawthorn Rowing Club, and Epilepsy Foundation of Victoria (as a member of the Patrons Council).
- "Endearing matriarch frowned on pomposity - National". Melbourne: theage.com.au. 27 May 2008. Retrieved 5 December 2010.
- http://www.thepeerage.com/p6403.htm#i64028 The Peerage
- "Parliament of Victoria - Re-Member". Parliament.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 5 December 2010.
- "Victoria's man of mystery". The Australian. 30 November 2010. Retrieved 5 December 2010.
- http://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/members/id/58 | Parliament of Victoria, Ted Baillieu -Member for Hawthorn, Premier of Victoria
- Austin and Tomazin, Paul and Farrah (6 May 2006). "Kennett backdown infuriates Howard". Melbourne: The Age.
- "Nobody votes for them, so why do they matter? - VicElection06News". Melbourne: Theage.com.au. 18 November 2006. Retrieved 5 December 2010.
- Ewin Hannan and Lisa Macnamara, "Baillieu under fire on shares", theaustralian.com.au, 6 November 2006.
- Michael Bachelard, "Baillieu share silence may be hurting campaign", theage.com.au, 8 November 2006.
- Rose, Danny (29 April 2007). "State Libs NIMBY on nuclear power". News.Com.Au.
- Melissa Fyfe and Michael Bachelard, "Crisis deepens for Baillieu", theage.com.au, 25 May 2008.
- 2010 Victorian election preview: ABC
- Austin, Paul (16 December 2010). "The figures point to electoral wilderness for Victorian Labor". Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- Tomazin, Farrah: "Baillieu challenged to be bold, decisive", in The Age, 25 November 2012
- Johnston, Matt (6 March 2013). "Ted Baillieu resigns as Victoria's Premier". Herald Sun. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- Mark Hawthorne and Richard Willingham, "Baillieu stolen tape exposes ructions," The Age, 24 June 2014. Accessed 5 August 2014.
- Josh Gordon and Farrah Tomazin, "ALP the guilty party," The Age, 24 July 2014. Accessed 24 July 2014.
- "The tape, the journo and the politicians," Media Watch, ABC TV, 4 August 2014. Accessed 5 August 2014.
- Tomazin, Josh Gordon and Farrah. "ALP the guilty party". The Age. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Grace, Richard Willingham, Robyn (14 January 2015). "Senior Labor official dodges charges over dictaphone affair". The Age. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- "Baillieu as Chair of ANZAC Centenary Committee".
- "Governor of Victoria 2013 ASHOKA AWARD" (PDF).
- "Melbourne promotes packed program of events over 80 days" (PDF).
- Beveridge, Riley. "Your AFL club's most famous supporters, from Barack Obama to Cam Newton". Fox Sports. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- Ted Baillieu profile: parliament.curriculum.edu.au
- "Baillieu hospitalised with kidney stone," The Courier-Mail, 15 December 2010. Accessed 5 August 2014.
- Parliament of Victoria, Ted Baillieu - Member for Hawthorn, Premier of Victoria
|Victorian Legislative Assembly|
| Member for Hawthorn
|Party political offices|
| Leader of the Liberal Party in Victoria
| Leader of the Opposition of Victoria
| Premier of Victoria