Teatro Martí is a Neoclassical theater in Havana, Cuba. It was inaugurated on 8 June 1884 as the Teatro Irijoa, named after its founder and owner Ricardo Irijoa, from the Basque Country, Spain.[1] It was originally used for the performance of zarzuelas and vaudevilles, as well as meetings of the Partido Autonomista.[1] In 1899, it was renamed Eden Garden, before changing its name again a year later to Teatro José Martí. In 1901, it held the Convención Constituyente which established the independent Republic of Cuba.[1] At the time, it had a capacity of 1,200 persons.[2]

Photo of the theater circa 1903.

The theater was abandoned in the 1970s before reopening on 24 February 2014 in the presence of Raúl Castro. In 2015, it was awarded the Premio Nacional de Restauración. In 2016, the restored Teatro Martí appeared on Cuban postage stamps.[3]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Conangla i Fontanilles, Josep (2017). Memoir of My Youth in Cuba: A Soldier in the Spanish Army During the Separatist War, 1895–1898. University of Alabama Press. p. 168. ISBN 9780817358921.
  2. ^ Norton, Albert J. (1900). Norton's Complete Hand-Book of Havana and Cuba. Rand, McNally & Company. p. 68.
  3. ^ Alfonso, Vanessa (13 February 2017). "La restauración del Teatro Martí en la filatelia". Radio Metropolitana (in Spanish). ICRT. Retrieved 10 November 2019.