Tbilisi International Airport

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Shota Rustaveli Tbilisi International Airport[2] (Georgian: თბილისის შოთა რუსთაველის სახელობის საერთაშორისო აეროპორტი) (IATA: TBS, ICAO: UGTB) formerly Novo Alexeyevka International Airport, is the main international airport in Georgia, located 17 km (11 mi) southeast[1] of the capital Tbilisi.

Shota Rustaveli Tbilisi International Airport

თბილისის შოთა რუსთაველის სახელობის საერთაშორისო აეროპორტი
TAV Airports Holding logo.svg
Tbilisi airport 1.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerUnited Airports of Georgia LLC
OperatorTAV Airports Holding
ServesTbilisi
LocationTbilisi, Georgia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL1,624 ft / 495 m
Coordinates41°40′09″N 044°57′17″E / 41.66917°N 44.95472°E / 41.66917; 44.95472Coordinates: 41°40′09″N 044°57′17″E / 41.66917°N 44.95472°E / 41.66917; 44.95472
Websitehttp://tbilisiairport.com/
Map
TBS/UGTB is located in Georgia
TBS/UGTB
TBS/UGTB
Location within Georgia
TBS/UGTB is located in West and Central Asia
TBS/UGTB
TBS/UGTB
TBS/UGTB (West and Central Asia)
TBS/UGTB is located in Europe
TBS/UGTB
TBS/UGTB
TBS/UGTB (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
13R/31L 3,000 9,843 Concrete
13L/31R (closed) 2,500 8,202 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 30 98 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Passengers3,692,202
Passenger change 18-19Decrease3.1%
Source: Georgian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]

HistoryEdit

The first airport terminal building was constructed in 1952. Designed by the architect V. Beridze in the style of Stalinist architecture the building featured a floor plan with symmetric axes and a monumental risalit in the form of a portico. The two side wings featured blind arcades in giant order. A new terminal building was finished in 1990, designed in the International style.[3] In 1981 Tbilisi airport was the 12th largest airport in the Soviet Union, with 1,478,000 passengers on so-called central lines, that is on flights connecting Tbilisi with cities in other Soviet republics.[4] In 1998, the number of passengers had shrunk to 230,000 per year.[5]

Tbilisi International Airport is operated by TAV since October 2005. In Georgia, the company also operates Batumi Airport for 20-year term starting from May 2007.[6] TAV Airports Holding, which owns 76% shares in Tbilisi airport operator TAV Urban Georgia, agreed with the Georgian state-owned United Airports of Georgia to reconstruct the unused runway, one of the two runways at the Tbilisi airport. The old runway will be reconstructed and extended according to ICAO standards and code F regulations and will be able to accept all type of aircraft, including the Boeing 747-8, Airbus A380-800, Antonov An-225 and Antonov An-124. A new F Code taxiway is also planned.[7]

Passenger traffic at the airport tripled between 2009 and 2016 to 2.2 million passengers.

OverviewEdit

February 2007 saw the completion of a reconstruction project, with the construction of a new international terminal, a car park, improvements to the apron, taxiway and runway and the acquisition of ground handling equipment. A rail link to the city centre has been constructed, with an infrequent rail service of two trains per day each way.[8] George W. Bush Avenue leads from the airport[9] to downtown Tbilisi.[10]

The airport has a contemporary and functional design. It is designed to provide the optimum flow of both passengers and luggage from the parking lot to the planes, with a 25,000 m2 (270,000 sq ft) total usable area. There is scope for future expansions without interrupting terminal operations. It has high-tech contemporary systems, keeping passenger convenience and efficiency of the terminal operations in mind, throughout functional spaces organized in an elegant manner. The food and beverage operations are carried out by BTA at 7 points with a staff of 75, while ATU provides Duty Free services at its four stores.[11] The total project cost was US$90.5 million. The capacity of the terminal building is 2.8 million passengers per year.[12] The implementing agency and the borrower for the project is TAV Urban Georgia, a concessionaire and special purpose vehicle for the construction and operation of the airport.

During 2016, the main runway of the airport was resurfaced and fitted with new navigation lights, which will improve the safety level of the runway. Runway guard lights, LED stop bar signals and guidance signs at all the holding positions on the airport's main runway were also added. The instrument landing system was also upgraded to CAT II, which enables aircraft to land during poor weather conditions. The airfield lighting control and monitoring system was upgraded, including installation of new lighting signals on all four taxiways.[13]

In June 2016, due to an increase in passenger demand, TAV Georgia started construction of a new arrivals terminal. The new complex will be integrated with the existing terminal building and is expected to increase the airport's terminal capacity to 3.5 million passengers annually. The new arrivals terminal will occupy a total area of 12,000 m2 (130,000 sq ft) and will be completed by the end of 2017.[14]

The new arrivals terminal was opened by the Prime Minister of Georgia Giorgi Kvirikashvili, TAV Holding President Sani Senar, Minister of Transport, Maritime and Communication of Turkey, Ahmet Arslan and Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia Giorgi Gakharia, on September 26, 2017. With an investment of $33 million from TAV Georgia, the new terminal occupies 12 000 sq. meters. It has a new two-exit boarding bridge, five new parking lots for planes, three 150 meter long luggage carriers, and a new parking lot for 250 cars.[15]

A new Tbilisi metro overground line linking airport with the city was announced in October 2018. Proposed extension would connect an airport with Samgori station as a transfer point with the first line. Construction was set to begin in late 2019,[16] but the project is still abandoned.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Air Arabia Sharjah
Seasonal: Abu Dhabi[17]
Air Astana Almaty, Nur-Sultan[18]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle[19]
airBaltic Riga
Aircompany Armenia Gyumri, Yerevan
AnadoluJet Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen[20]
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv[21]
Belavia Minsk
Bees Airline Kherson, Kyiv–Zhuliany
Buta AirwaysBaku[22][23]
China Southern Airlines Beijing–Daxing,[24] Ürümqi (both suspended)[25]
Eurowings Düsseldorf[26]
flydubai Dubai–International[27]
Georgian Airways Amsterdam, Berlin, Kyiv–Boryspil, London–Gatwick, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Tel Aviv,[28] Vienna, Yerevan[29]
Seasonal: Bahrain, Barcelona,[30] Batumi, Bologna, Prague, Sharm El Sheikh
Gulf Air Bahrain
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv
Jazeera Airways Kuwait City[31]
Kuwait Airways Seasonal: Kuwait City
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Munich
Middle East Airlines Seasonal Charter: Beirut
MyWay Airlines Tel Aviv, Yerevan
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen[32]
Qatar AirwaysDoha
Qeshm AirTehran–Imam Khomeini (suspended)[33][34]
SCAT Airlines Aktau
SkyUp Kharkiv,[35] Kyiv–Boryspil, Lviv,[35] Odessa[35]
Sun d'Or Tel Aviv
Taban Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini (suspended)[33][34]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Ukraine International Airlines Kyiv–Boryspil
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent[36]
Zagros Airlines Tehran–Imam Khomeini (suspended)[33][34]

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
CargoluxBaku, Kuala Lumpur–International, Luxembourg, Singapore, Zhengzhou (Suspended),[25] Taipei–Taoyuan
Silk Way AirlinesBaku
Turkish Cargo Bucharest,[37] Istanbul–Atatürk

StatisticsEdit

 
Departure hall
 
Ground floor arrivals and check-in
 
Third Floor used for departures
 
Tbilisi Airport station with a train about to depart for the centre
Annual passenger statistics[38]
2019
3,692,202
  03.1%
2018
3,808,619
  20.4%
2017
3,164,139
  40.5%
2016
2,252,535
  22.0%
2015
1,847,111
  17.3%
2014
1,575,386
  09.7%
2013
1,436,046
  17.8%
2012
1,219,175
  15.2%
2011
1,058,679
  28.7%
2010
0822,772
  17.1%
2009
0702,916
  01.7%
2008
0714,976
  16.1%
2007
0615,873
  08.5%
2006
0567,402
  03.7%
2005
0547,150
 

Annual passenger numbers (millions)Edit

See source Wikidata query and sources.


Most Popular Routes[39]
Country Destination Airport Weekly flights Airlines
  Turkey Istanbul Atatürk Airport, Sabiha Gökçen Airport 47 Turkish Airlines (35 weekly),[40] Pegasus Airlines (12 weekly)
  UAE Dubai Dubai-International 28 flydubai (4 daily)
  Ukraine Kyiv Boryspil, Zhuliany 26 Georgian Airways (1 daily), Ukraine International Airlines (2 daily), SkyUp (5 weekly)
  Israel Tel Aviv Ben Gurion Airport 18 Georgian Airways (12 weekly), El Al (3 weekly), MyWay Airlines (3 weekly)
  Qatar Doha Hamad International Airport 18 Qatar Airways
  Azerbaijan Baku Heydar Aliyev Airport 14 Azerbaijan Airlines
  Iran Tehran Imam Khomeini Airport 13 Kish Airlines (1 daily), Qeshm Air (6 weekly)
  Germany Munich Munich Airport 9 Lufthansa

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic".
  2. ^ თბილისის აეროპორტს შოთა რუსთაველის სახელი მიენიჭა Interpressnews Georgia
  3. ^ Baulig, Josef; Maia Mania; Hans Mildenberg; Karl Ziegler (2004). Architekturführer Tbilisi (in German and Georgian). Landeshauptstadt Saarbrücken/Technische Universität Kaiserslautern. p. 70. ISBN 3-936890-39-0.
  4. ^ Sagers, Matthew; Thomas Maraffa (July 1990). "Soviet Air-Passenger Transportation Network". Geographical Review. American Geographical Society. 80 (3): 269. doi:10.2307/215304. JSTOR 215304.
  5. ^ "Global transport" (13–15). Stroudgate: Chartered Institute of Transport in the UK. 1998: 97. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ Civil Georgia. "Civil.Ge - TAV Gets Tbilisi Airport Operation Extension for Planned USD 65m Investment".
  7. ^ "tbilisiairport.com - TAV Georgia to invest $65 million in Tbilisi Airport".
  8. ^ "Traffic General Schedule". Georgian Railway.
  9. ^ "Tbilisi International Airport". Airport-Tbilisi. 22 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Tbilisi Officials Name Street After Bush". Associated Press. 14 September 2005.
  11. ^ "Tbilisi Airport Terminal Information". Archived from the original on July 6, 2007. Retrieved Mar 6, 2020.
  12. ^ "Terminal features". tbilisairport.com.
  13. ^ "Tbilisi Airport's New Arrivals Terminal, Tbilisi, Georgia". airport-technology.com. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  14. ^ "Groundbreaking Ceremony Of New Arrivals Terminal At Tbilisi International Airport". tbilisiairport.com. 27 June 2016.
  15. ^ "New Terminal Opens at Tbilisi International Airport". Georgiatoday.ge. 26 September 2017.
  16. ^ "A new metro, railway and electric cars: promises made to the Georgian public a week before elections". 22 October 2018.
  17. ^ "Air Arabia".
  18. ^ L, J (19 February 2015). "Air Astana Adds Seasonal Astana – Tbilisi Link June – August 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  19. ^ Mammadova, Tamilla (12 February 2020). "Air France to resume Tbilisi-Paris direct flights". Trend.Az. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  20. ^ Liu, Jim (10 January 2020). "Turkish Airlines files selected service transition to AnadoluJet in S20". Routesonline. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  21. ^ Arkia.com
  22. ^ "Buta Airways preliminary operation from Sep 2017". routesonline.com. 5 July 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  23. ^ "Azerbaijan's low-cost Buta Airways launches flights in Tbilisi". agenda.ge. 15 August 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  24. ^ Karsaulidze, Eka (20 June 2016). "New Tbilisi-Beijing Flight to Begin in September". Georgia Today. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  25. ^ a b "თბილისის აეროპორტში მგზავრებს "კორონავირუსზე" ამოწმებენ". imedinews.ge. 25 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  26. ^ Wert, Jakob (9 April 2021). "Eurowings to launch its first ever routes to Russia, Georgia". International Flight Network. International Flight Network (IFN). Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  27. ^ "Flydubai launches Tbilisi flights". gulfnews.com. Retrieved Mar 6, 2020.
  28. ^ Liu, Jim (7 September 2018). "Georgian Airways adds new routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  29. ^ "Georgian Airways Destinations". georgian-airways.com/. Retrieved 2018-01-11.
  30. ^ "Georgian Airways to Start Direct Flight to 5 New European Cities in 2018". Georgia Today on the Web. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  31. ^ "Kuwait's Jazeera Airways to launch Tbilisi flights in June". Agenda.ge. 19 March 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  32. ^ "Scheduled Flight Search". Pegasus Airlines. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  33. ^ a b c Author, No. "Georgia will take measures to prevent spread of Coronavirus from Iran". GeorgianJournal. Retrieved Mar 6, 2020.
  34. ^ a b c "Iran says 12 dead from new virus, rejects higher death toll". AP NEWS. Feb 24, 2020. Retrieved Mar 6, 2020.
  35. ^ a b c "The maximum of Georgia: SkyUp announces more flights from Kyiv and regions". skyup.aero. 26 February 2021.
  36. ^ Liu, Jim (22 April 2019). "Uzbekistan Airways adds Tbilisi service from mid-July 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  37. ^ "Turkish Cargo va zbura regulat la București cu A330F din 4 noiembrie 2020". 27 October 2020.
  38. ^ "Tbilisi Airport - Airport Statistics".
  39. ^ "Scheduled flights from Tbilisi International Airport (TBS)".
  40. ^ "Turkish Airlines launches flights to Tbilisi from Istanbul's new airport". Agenda.ge. Retrieved 23 January 2019.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Tbilisi International Airport at Wikimedia Commons