Tarzan of the Apes (1918 film)
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|Tarzan of the Apes|
|Directed by||Scott Sidney|
|Produced by||William Parsons|
|Written by||Fred Miller and Lois Weber (adaptation)|
|Based on||Tarzan of the Apes|
by Edgar Rice Burroughs
George B. French
|Cinematography||Enrique Juan Vallejo|
|Edited by||Isadore Bernstein|
|Distributed by||First National|
|January 27, 1918 (Broadway, New York)|
|Originally: 120+ min, Available: 61 min|
|Language||Silent (English intertitles)|
It was the first Tarzan film ever made and is based on Edgar Rice Burroughs' original novel Tarzan of the Apes. The film adapts only the first part of the novel, the remainder becoming the basis for the sequel, The Romance of Tarzan. The film is considered the most faithful to the novel of all the film adaptations. Its most notable plot change is the introduction of the character Binns and his role in bringing the Porters to Africa; the novel brought them there through the improbable coincidence of a second mutiny.
The role of Tarzan was given to Gordon Griffith, one of the best child actors of the time, and to Elmo Lincoln, an actor who specialized in "strong man" roles. Enid Markey was the first Jane. Especially for Griffith and Lincoln the film represented a huge personal success, which gave them the opportunity to shoot other important films and guaranteed their presence in three sequels: The Romance of Tarzan (1918), The Son of Tarzan (1920), and The Adventures of Tarzan (1921).
John and Alice Clayton, Lord and Lady Greystoke (True Boardman and Kathleen Kirkham), are passengers on the Fuwalda, a ship bound for Africa. When the vessel is taken over by mutineers the sailor Binns (George B. French) saves them from being murdered, but they are marooned on the tropical coast. After their deaths their infant son is adopted by Kala, an ape, who raises him as her own. The young Tarzan (Gordon Griffith) grows to maturity among the apes, becoming their king. Binns, returning to find the Claytons after ten years’ captivity among the Arabs, discovers the ape man and travels to England to report his survival to his family. An expedition led by scientist Professor Porter (Thomas Jefferson) is launched to investigate. Meanwhile, Kala has been killed by a native, who is killed in turn by the now-adult Tarzan (Elmo Lincoln). The villagers kidnap Porter’s daughter Jane (Enid Markey); Tarzan rescues and romances her, and she comes to accept his love.
- Elmo Lincoln as Tarzan
- Enid Markey as Jane Porter
- True Boardman as John Clayton, Lord Greystoke
- Kathleen Kirkham as Alice Clayton, Lady Greystoke
- George B. French as Binns, a sailor
- Gordon Griffith as Tarzan, younger
- Colin Kenny as William Cecil Clayton
- Thomas Jefferson as Professor Porter
- Bessie Toner as Bar Maid
- Jack Wilson as Captain of the Fuwalda
- Louis Morrison as Innkeeper
- Eugene Pallette
- Fred L. Wilson
Like many American films of the time, Tarzan of the Apes was subject to cuts by city and state film censorship boards. For Chicago Board of Censors cut: "in Reel 1, the captain shooting man and his falling, two scenes of men with captain being shot and falling, striking man on head, Reel 3, scene of boy being frightened by lion and jumping up showing his sex, woman standing over kettle showing breasts, Reel 5, first two scenes of maid on man's lap in closet, three choking scenes, Reel 7, two closeups of Negro leering at woman and four scenes where he carries her off." 
- Holmstrom, John. The Moving Picture Boy: An International Encyclopaedia from 1895 to 1995, Norwich, Michael Russell, 1996, pp. 30–32.
- "Official Cut-Outs by the Chicago Board of Censors". Exhibitors Herald. New York City: Exhibitors Herald Company. 6 (17): 31. April 20, 1918.
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