Tarleton is a village and civil parish situated in the Lancashire mosslands north east of Southport, and to the south west of Preston, in North West England. The village is known for farming due to its rich soil quality. The River Douglas runs northwards to the east of the village, which is locally thought to be where the Vikings camped on the river banks of what is now Tarleton. The parish also includes the village of Mere Brow and the hamlets of Sollom and Holmes.
Tarleton Parish Church and Holy Trinity Primary School
|Population||5,652 (2011, parish)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
Tarleton is derived from the Old Norse Tharaldr, a personal name and the Old English tun, a farmstead or enclosure. The township was recorded as Tharilton in 1246 and subsequently Tarleton. Tarleton is mentioned in the Feet of Fines in 1298.
A local family with the Tarleton name either was named or gave its name to the early settlement by the reign of Richard II. The manor of Tarleton was part of the Montbegon or Hornby fee and divided into two moieties: two ploughlands were granted to John Malherbe and the remainder to the Banastres of Bretherton. In 1298 John Banastre of Bank held eight oxgangs of land in Tarleton. The Banastres held land in Tarleton of the Montbegons in 1526. This moiety of the manor passed to the Lilfords. The other moiety was granted to Roger de Douay, and then to Gilbert de Notton who gave Cockersand Abbey one ploughland. This portion, Holmeswood, was eventually acquired by the Heskeths of Rufford and sold to the Lilfords around 1886, uniting both portions.
In the 19th century a labourer discovered a small leaden box without a lid containing about a hundred silver coins whilst digging in a copse. They were possibly from the 17th century.
The Parish of Tarleton is divided into three administrative wards, Central (which includes Sollom), Hesketh Lane and Mere Brow (which includes Holmes).
Tarleton lies 8.5 miles (13.7 km) north-east of Ormskirk, covering 5,377 acres (2,176 ha) acres of flat land which was originally boggy towards the west. The River Douglas passes to the east and was made navigable in 1727. Tarleton includes the village of Mere Brow and the hamlet of Holmes, on the A565 to the west and Sollom, a small hamlet on the A59 to the south.
Tarleton mosses is an area of reclaimed mossland that stretches along the coastal plain from the Ribble Estuary in the north to the A565 in the south. It is a market gardening area with many glass houses. The farms and smallholdings have exploited the rich peat deposits. Beyond the smallholdings and green houses are arable fields. The built environment is dominated by ribbon development of modern bungalows along banked roads between Tarleton, Banks and Becconsall.
|Population growth in Tarleton from 1881–2011|
In the April 2001 census there were 2,736 females and 2,614 males living in Tarleton. The median age of population was 42 years and there were 2,571 dwellings recorded in the parish. Crime rates in the area are relatively low in comparison with the national average. The Police UK website states that in the Tarleton area there were just five incidents of street crime and 19 occasions of Anti-social behaviour during March 2012.
Mark Square is a shopping area in the village centre where there are plans to build 30 shops and a number of residential properties.
Tarleton was served by the former Preston to Southport railway line which ran through Hesketh Bank until its closure in 1964. The Rufford Branch of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal runs into the River Douglas at Tarleton Lock and was served by a goods branch line on the railway. The A565 road and the A59 road meet at Tarleton crossroads and provide main road transport links to the villages and surrounding area. The roads bypass the village and the crossroads junction separates the village from the hamlet of Sollom.
The village has 18 listed buildings including barns, houses, farmhouses and St Mary's Church, which are of historical and architectural merit. The stone built 'Bank Bridge' (named after 'The Bank' which is the land that Bank Hall stands on), is Grade II listed and carries the A59 road over the Leeds and Liverpool Canal and River Douglas. Holmeswood Hall, dated 1568, was built as a hunting or fishing lodge by the Heskeths of Rufford, and is a grade II listed farmhouse.
Tarleton Community Primary School and Tarleton Holy Trinity Church of England Primary School serve the village. Tarleton Academy, a Technology College, serves the surrounding villages. It has a swimming pool and sports grounds. The high school is the home to Air Training Corps, 471 (Hesketh Bank and Tarleton) Squadron and a variety of sports clubs including cricket, football, rugby union and badminton clubs.
There was an ancient chapel dedicated to St Helen in the township. George Dandy, the priest, founded a chantry there in about 1525. A hermitage in the chapel yard was occupied by Hugh Dobson, a hermit of the Order of St Anthony, in about 1530. Sir Thomas Hesketh bought and demolished the chapel, leaving Tarleton without a place of worship. In 1650 the inhabitants of Tarleton, Holmes and Sollom built a Presbyterian church at Three Lanes End which was assigned a parish in 1658. It was little used and fell into ruin.
In 1719 land was given, by Henrietta Maria Legh, of Bank Hall, for a new church close where the main road crosses the river. St. Mary's was the place of worship for the village until 1886. It is used for services once a year on "Old Church Sunday", the last Sunday in August. It was built in brick, with a belfry tower of stone added in 1824. The interior has its original simple fittings which includes box pews, a gallery and staircase. The chancel has a semi-octagonal apse.
St Mary's was replaced by Holy Trinity Church built in 1886 to the designs of W Basset-Smith. It was constructed in the neo-Gothic style with a tall spire. It is situated next to Tarleton Church of England Primary School on Church Road. Holy Trinity Church has some Robert (Mouseman) Thompson furniture and woodwork, which is notable for the mice carved on them.
Tarleton is home to football and cricket pitches on Carr Lane. The pavilion, which is adjacent to these pitches, is organised and run by Tarleton Corinthians Football Club and Tarleton Cricket Club.
Tarleton Rugby Club have their own private clubhouse and bar that is open to the community on matchdays.
A number of notable individuals were either born in Tarleton or have lived in the area.
- Gary Ablett, professional football player for Liverpool F.C. and Everton F.C., coach and manager of Stockport County
- Jonathon Howard, actor with credits including Dream Team, Titanic and Hollyoaks, attended Tarleton High School
- Brian Iddon, Member of Parliament for Bolton South East 1997-2010, lived in the village
- Andrew Lancel, actor, is a former pupil of Tarleton High School.
- Niriko Mclure, Australian actress attended Tarleton High School in the 1990s
- Dame Nancy Rothwell, physiologist, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Manchester
- Ben Williams, footballer for Barnsley. Played for the local cricket club
- Mills 1976, p. 138
- Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Tarleton", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, British History Online, pp. 115–119, retrieved 14 September 2011
- Ekwall, E. (1940) The Concise Dictionary of English Place-names; 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press; p. 439
- Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Tarleton", A Topographical Dictionary of England, British History Online, pp. 300–303, retrieved 1 December 2010
- Find your ward and local councillor, West Lancashire Council, archived from the original on 1 September 2012, retrieved 16 September 2011 Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Local Governance, Tarleton Parish Council, archived from the original on 9 March 2012, retrieved 19 March 2011 Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Tarleton Township Boundaries, GenUKI, retrieved 1 December 2010
- A Landscape Strategy for Lancashire - Landscape Character Assessment, Mosslands, Lancashire County Council, archived from the original on 17 February 2010, retrieved 16 September 2011 Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Tarleton Ch/CP : Total Population, Vision of Britain, retrieved 1 December 2010
- Area: Tarleton CP (Parish), Office for National Statistics, retrieved 20 June 2012
- Crime reported in March 2012 within 1 mile of Tarleton, Lancashire, UK, Police UK, retrieved 20 June 2012
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 119. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
- Tarleton Listed Buildings map, Listed Buildings Online, retrieved 2 December 2010
- Reverend L. N. Forse, (1940 - 1946) "The Rectors Weekly Newsletter 1940 - 1946"
- "West Lancashire Council (2008) "Listed Buildings in West Lancashire"" (PDF). Westlancsdc.gov.uk. 6 June 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
- ""Holmeswood Hall, Tarleton" at". Britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. 11 October 1968. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
- Fleetwood-Hesketh, Peter (1955) Murray's Lancashire Architectural Guide. London: John Murray; p. 60
- Fleetwood-Hesketh (1955); p. 174
- "Welcome to the Library and Information Service web site". Lancashire County Council. Archived from the original on 20 April 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Tarleton on IMDb