Tarkus is the second studio album by the English progressive rock band Emerson, Lake & Palmer, released in June 1971 on Island Records. Following their 1970 European tour, the group returned to Advision Studios in London, in January 1971, to prepare material for a new album. Side one has the seven-part "Tarkus", with a collection of shorter tracks on side two.
|Studio album by|
|Studio||Advision Studios, London|
|Emerson, Lake & Palmer chronology|
After their debut live gigs in August 1970, the band toured across the UK and Europe for the rest of the year, during which their debut album, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, was released. While on tour, Emerson found that he and Palmer were exploring more complex rhythmic ideas. He took patterns that Palmer was playing on his practise drum pads and found that they complemented runs that he had developed on the piano, and used this as a basis for material on Tarkus. The group approached the album by focusing on a centrepiece track in order to establish a concept, but a definite story or idea for it had not been discussed at this stage.
The group paused touring commitments in December 1970 and set aside the following month to finalise material and record a new album. Recording took place at Advision Studios in London with Lake handling production duties and Eddy Offord returning as engineer. Early into the sessions Emerson presented the basis of the title track to Lake and Palmer; Lake was less than enthusiastic with its direction and threatened to leave the group. A subsequent meeting amongst the group and its management persuaded Lake to stay. He went on to contribute to the track and most of the other songs on the album, and wrote the album's lyrics, for which he used the artwork as inspiration.
Side one is taken up by "Tarkus", a 20-minute piece in seven parts written by Emerson, with Lake credited for the "Battlefield" section and contributions to "Stones of Years" and "Mass". It is a concept piece in which its narrative remain ambiguous and open to interpretation, but the artwork depicts the Tarkus character in the form of an armadillo-like tank who is born and loses a fight with a manticore, which concludes with the appearance of an aquatic version of Tarkus named Aquatarkus. Emerson, Lake & Palmer would not record a longer piece in the studio until "Karn Evil 9" in 1973.
Side two features a series of shorter numbers unrelated to the conceptual title track. "The Only Way (Hymn)" contains themes from "Toccata and Fugue in F major, BWV 540" and "Prelude and Fugue VI, BWV 851" by Bach. Although not credited, the music to "Are You Ready, Eddy?" was largely inspired by Bobby Troup's 1956 song "The Girl Can't Help It". Emerson refers to the track as "an impromptu jam" played in celebration of completing work on Tarkus.
William Neal made the artwork for the album's cover and gatefold. The cover image of a giant armadillo on tank treads has become an iconic image in progressive rock. Emerson said, "To everyone, it represented what we were doing in that studio. The next day on my drive up from Sussex the imagery of the armadillo kept hitting me. It had to have a name. Something guttural. It had to begin with the letter 'T' and end with a flourish. Tarka the Otter may have come into it, but this armadillo needed a science fiction kind of name that represented Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in reverse. Some mutilation of the species caused by radiation ... 'Tarkus'!"
The gatefold presents eleven panels that illustrate the events of "Tarkus". It begins with an erupting volcano, below which Tarkus emerges from an egg. Tarkus faces a number of cybernetic creatures, culminating in a battle against the manticore. The manticore stings Tarkus's eye, and Tarkus retreats bleeding into a river.
Tarkus was released on 14 June 1971 in the UK on Island Records, appearing two months later in the US by Atlantic Records' subsidiary label Cotillion Records. It is one of only two ELP studio albums to reach the Top 10 in the United States, making it to No. 9 (Trilogy, the following year, got to No. 5), while in Britain it is their only number-one album. Additionally, Tarkus spent a total of 17 weeks in the UK Albums Chart. In Japan the album was released on Atlantic Records. Later vinyl reissues were on the Manticore label.
Tarkus was certified gold in the United States shortly after its release on 26 August 1971.
|Sound & Vision|||
|Classic Rock Revisited||A|
|The Daily Vault||A|
|Sea of Tranquility|||
Although it is now considered a quintessential progressive rock album, Tarkus received generally unfavourable reviews from critics upon its release, such as David Lebin in Rolling Stone who wrote: "Tarkus records the failure of three performers to become creators. Regardless of how fast and how many styles they can play. Emerson, Lake and Palmer will continue turning out mediocrity like Tarkus until they discover what, if anything, it is that they must say on their own and for themselves."
François Couture, in a retrospective review for AllMusic, said that Tarkus is "a very solid album, especially to the ears of prog rock fans – no Greg Lake acoustic ballads, no lengthy jazz interludes". Couture concluded, "More accomplished than the trio's first album, but not quite as polished as Brain Salad Surgery, Tarkus is nevertheless a must-have."
Emerson said that Tarkus was one of his favourite albums, "not least because the title track has taken on a life of its own".
In 1993, the album was digitally remastered by Joseph M. Palmaccio and released by Victory Music in Europe and Rhino Records in North America. This was followed by two remasters by the Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab in 1994 that are currently out of print.
In August 2012, Tarkus was reissued by Sony Music and released in a 3 CD pack, containing a stereo mix from the Palmaccio master, a stereo mix in the form of an alternate version of the album, and a 5.1 surround sound mix by Steven Wilson. The set also contains previously unreleased tracks recorded during the sessions.
All lyrics are written by Greg Lake.
||Keith Emerson, Greg Lake||20:40|
|1.||"Jeremy Bender"||Emerson, Lake||1:41|
|2.||"Bitches Crystal"||Emerson, Lake||3:54|
|3.||"The Only Way (Hymn)"||Emerson, Lake||3:50|
|4.||"Infinite Space (Conclusion)"||Emerson, Carl Palmer||3:18|
|5.||"A Time and a Place"||Emerson, Lake, Palmer||3:00|
|6.||"Are You Ready, Eddy?"||Emerson, Lake, Palmer||2:09|
|8.||"Prelude and Fugue"||Friedrich Gulda / Performed by Keith Emerson on piano||3:17|
All lyrics are written by Greg Lake.
|2.||"Jeremy Bender"||Emerson, Lake||1:57|
|3.||"Bitches Crystal"||Emerson, Lake||3:59|
|4.||"The Only Way (Hymn)"||Emerson, Lake||3:47|
|5.||"Infinite Space (Conclusion)"||Emerson, Palmer||3:23|
|6.||"A Time and a Place"||Emerson, Lake, Palmer||3:03|
|7.||"Are You Ready, Eddy?"||Emerson, Lake, Palmer||2:12|
|8.||"Oh, My Father"||Lake||4:07|
|10.||"Mass (Alternate take)"||Emerson, Lake||4:30|
Emerson, Lake & Palmer
- Keith Emerson – Hammond organ, St. Mark's Church organ, piano, celesta, Moog modular synthesizer
- Greg Lake – vocals, bass guitar, electric and acoustic guitar
- Carl Palmer – drums, assorted percussion
|1971||UK Albums Chart||1|
|1971||AUS Kent Music Report||6|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Gold||500,000^|
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
- Macan 1997, p. 116.
- Dome, Malcolm (14 June 2016). "ELP's Tarkus: The Story Behind The Album". Loudersound. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- Dome 2011, p. 74
- Macan 1997, p. 87.
- Emerson, Keith (2004). Pictures of an Exhibitionist, John Blake Publishing Ltd., ISBN 1-84454-053-7, p. 205.
- Macan 1997, p. 88.
- Dome 2011, p. 76
- Dome 2011, p. 77
- "Emerson, Lake & Palmer chart positions in the UK". The Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014.
- "RIAA's Gold & Platinum Program searchable database". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- François Couture. "Tarkus - Emerson, Lake & Palmer". AllMusic Review. AllMusic.
- Mettler, Mike. "ELP Reissue Series: Emerson, Lake & Palmer; Tarkus; Pictures at an Exhibition". soundandvision.com. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- Wright, Jeb. "ELP – Emerson Lake & Palmer and Tarkus Deluxe Editions (Razor & Tie)". Classic Rock Revisited. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- Haugen, Tom (2019). "The Daily Vault Music Reviews : Tarkus (Deluxe Edition)". dailyvault.com. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- Pardo, Pete. "Emerson Lake & Palmer: Tarkus (remastered/remixed)". Sea of Tranquility. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
- Rock, Classic (5 November 2019). "Emerson, Lake & Palmer: Tarkus - Album of the Week Club review". Loudersound. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
- Lebin, David (19 August 1971). "Emerson, Lake & Palmer: Tarkus: Music Reviews". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 10 November 2007.
- Murphy, Sean (16 November 2015). "The 25 Best Classic Progressive Rock Albums". PopMatters. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- "Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab complete Gold CD UltraDisc and UltraDisc II discography".
- "Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab album discography".
- "Emerson Lake & Palmer - TARKUS [DVD-A]".
- Tarkus (Media notes). Island Records. 1971. ILPS 9155.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 102. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Emerson, Lake & Palmer Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- "RPM Top 100 Albums - July 31, 1971" (PDF).
- "Tarkus Gold (Pictures of an Exhibitionist)". 11 November 1971. p. 217. Retrieved 29 April 2021. Cite magazine requires
- "American album certifications – Yes – Tales From Topographic Oceans". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.
- Dome, Malcolm (2011). "Emerson, Lake & Palmer's Tarkus". Classic Rock Presents Prog. No. 17.
- Macan, Edward (1997). Rocking the Classics: English Progressive Rock and the Counterculture. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509887-0.
- Ford, Peter T. (August 1994). The Compositional Style of Keith Emerson in Tarkus (1971) for the Rock Music Trio Emerson Lake and Palmer (M.A.). Indiana State University. OCLC 812040625. Retrieved 7 January 2015.