Little is known of the Tareen prior to Muhammad Ghori's incursions into India in the late 12th century. However, much of the tribe was still living mostly nomadic life in their native lands of Afghanistan and Pishin (in the present-day province of Baluchistan). During the reign of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (1628 to 1658) a group of Tareen/Tarin emigrated to the area which is now the Hazara area of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. From 1820 to 1849, Punjab came under Sikh control. Tareen Chiefs namely 'Sardar Muhammad Khan' of Darwesh and his nephew 'Sardar Bostan Khan' of Jagal resisted the Sikh occupation resulting in severe consequences for them. Their jagir wasn't continued and given to their retainer belonging to another tribe, latter by the British.
According to Ni'mat Allah al-Harawi in History of the Afghans, Tareen had three sons namely: Tor, Spin (Aspin or Speen) and Awdal. Their descendants today have adopted the names above as tribal identities and are known as Tor Tareen, Spin Tareen and Awdal Tareen. These three major clans are further divided into smaller unit.
The principal languages of Tareen are 'Tareeno' Wanetsi and Pashto. However, Persian language in the Indian subcontinent and Afghanistan was used as a formal language for official records and correspondence normally.
In Khyber Pukhtunkhwa the tribe has 'Tareen Vand' in Mardan  while in Haripur the tribe resides in small number who claim to have been settled here since 1600s, after migrating mainly from Pishin and Kandahar. Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan who served a long tenure as the President of Pakistan was a Tareen from Rehana in Haripur.  Apart, from the districts mentioned above Tareens live all over the province.
Notable people of Tareen descentEdit
- Sardar Najeebullah Khan of Darwesh
- Sardar Muhammad Khan Tareen of Darwesh (Wazir of Syed Akbar Shah of Sithana during Landai Musalmani) freedom fighter.
- Sardar Bostan Khan (d. 1825) freedom fighter.
- Risaldar Muhammad Habib Khan Tarin, CSI, cavalry officer .
- Abdul Latif Khan Tarin (1884 - 1916), IDSM, British-Indian Army officer, WWI.
- Risaldar Mir Dad Khan Tarin, retired cavalry officer and father of late Field-Marshal Ayub Khan.
- Ayub Khan (President of Pakistan) (1907-1974).
- Sardar Bahadur Khan (1908 - 1975) Pakistani politician (Chief Minister of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa)
- Abdul Majid Khan Tarin, OBE, (1877-1939) Magistrate during British times and MP latter.
- Sultan Ahmed Khan Tarin (1901 - 1970), early Communist figure of the North West Frontier Province.
- Abdus Salim Khan Tarin, (1907-1957) former Indian and later Pakistani civil servant and diplomat.
- Jehangir Khan Tareen (b. 1953) Pakistani politician and businessman.
- Shaukat Tarin (b. 1953) Pakistani banker and politician.
- Habibullah Khan Tarin (b. 1947) Pakistani army officer and politician.
- Naseer Ahmed Khan Tareen (b. 1936) Pashtun tribal chieftain, social activist and philanthropist
- Jalees Ahmed Khan Tareen (b. 1947) Vice-chancellor of B. S. Abdur Rahman University, former vice-chancellor of Pondicherry University.
- Omer Tarin (b 1966) Pakistani poet and scholar.
- Haris Tarin (b. 1978) Afghan-American, director of the Muslim Public Affairs Council, USA.
- Majrooh Sultanpuri (Asrar ul Hassan Khan Tarin) (1919 - 2000) Indian Urdu poet and film lyricist.
- Nadeem Tarin Indian businessman, philanthropist and educationist settled in Saudi Arabia
- Muhammad Israr Tareen, politician and member of the Pakistani National Assembly.
- Hira Tareen (b. 1988), Pakistani model, actress and VJ
- Yousuf Ayub Khan, former politician and a businessman.
- Omar Ayub Khan, politician and minister .
- Akbar Ayub Khan (b. 1971) Member of Parliament from Haripur district, NWFP, Pakistan.
- Amaan Tareen (b. 1983) Film Producer, Media and PR Strategist and Politician from Peshawar Cantt, NWFP, Pakistan.
- Caroe O. The Pathans 550 B.C.- A.D. 1957 Oxford University Press ISBN 978-0-19-577221-0. Page 521.
- Muhammad Hyat Khan, "Hayat i Afghan" (Orig. in Persian 1865) trans. by Priestley H. B. "Afghanistan and its Inhabitants", 1874; Reprint Lahore: Sang i Meel Press, 1981
- "Panni 1969"
- "Panni 1969"
- Hazara District Gazetteer 1883 and 1907.
- Rawalpindi Gazetteer 1890.
- Spain J. W. The Pathan Borderland[full citation needed][dubious ](1964)
- "Panni 1969"
- Attock District Gazetteer 1892
- Dorn B. History of the Afghans: translated from the Persian of Neamet Ullah Third edition p42.
- Elphinstone, II. p. 162.[full citation needed]
- PCO 200, p. 7.
- "Tazkira by Roshan Khan"
- "Panni 1969"