Tareen

  (Redirected from Tarin (tribe))

The Tareen (or Tarin) (Pashto: ترین‎) is a tribe who inhabit southern Afghanistan, the Balochistan province of Pakistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.[1][2]

HistoryEdit

Little is known of the Tareen prior to Muhammad Ghori's incursions into India in the late 12th century. However, much of the tribe was still living mostly nomadic life in their native lands of Afghanistan and Pishin (in the present-day province of Baluchistan).[3] During the reign of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (1628 to 1658) a group of Tareen/Tarin emigrated to the area which is now the Hazara area of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.[4][5] From 1820 to 1849, Punjab came under Sikh control. Tareen Chiefs namely 'Sardar Muhammad Khan' of Darwesh and his nephew 'Sardar Bostan Khan' of Jagal resisted the Sikh occupation resulting in severe consequences for them. Their jagir wasn't continued and given to their retainer belonging to another tribe, latter by the British.[5][6]

On 29 March 1849, the British annexed Punjab. The Tareen worked in the military and civil administration.[dubious ] [7][8][5][9]

Branches (Clans)Edit

According to Ni'mat Allah al-Harawi in History of the Afghans, Tareen had three sons namely: Tor, Spin (Aspin or Speen) and Awdal. Their descendants today have adopted the names above as tribal identities and are known as Tor Tareen, Spin Tareen and Awdal Tareen. These three major clans are further divided into smaller unit.[10][11]

LanguagesEdit

The principal languages of Tareen are 'Tareeno' Wanetsi and Pashto. However, Persian language in the Indian subcontinent and Afghanistan was used as a formal language for official records and correspondence normally.

Tareen who have settled away from Pishin have adopted the local languages. [5]

PakistanEdit

Tareens primarily belong to Balochistan and live in the districts like Pishin [12],Dukki, Loralai,Quetta, Mastung, Harnai etc. while smaller populations are spread all over the province.

In Khyber Pukhtunkhwa the tribe has 'Tareen Vand' in Mardan [13] while in Haripur the tribe resides in small number who claim to have been settled here since 1600s, after migrating mainly from Pishin and Kandahar. Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan who served a long tenure as the President of Pakistan was a Tareen from Rehana in Haripur. [14] Apart, from the districts mentioned above Tareens live all over the province.

Tareens have presence in Sindh and the Punjab provinces also.

IndiaEdit

Small populations of the Tareen have settled in India since the 1100s, particularly near Bhopal[citation needed] and in Sambhal (Sarai Tareen) Uttar Pradesh.[2][dubious ]

Notable people of Tareen descentEdit

  • Sardar Najeebullah Khan of Darwesh
  • Sardar Muhammad Khan Tareen of Darwesh (Wazir of Syed Akbar Shah of Sithana during Landai Musalmani) freedom fighter.
  • Sardar Bostan Khan (d. 1825) freedom fighter.
  • Risaldar Muhammad Habib Khan Tarin, CSI, cavalry officer .
  • Abdul Latif Khan Tarin (1884 - 1916), IDSM, British-Indian Army officer, WWI.
  • Risaldar Mir Dad Khan Tarin, retired cavalry officer and father of late Field-Marshal Ayub Khan.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Caroe O. The Pathans 550 B.C.- A.D. 1957 Oxford University Press ISBN 978-0-19-577221-0. Page 521.
  2. ^ a b Muhammad Hyat Khan, "Hayat i Afghan" (Orig. in Persian 1865) trans. by Priestley H. B. "Afghanistan and its Inhabitants", 1874; Reprint Lahore: Sang i Meel Press, 1981
  3. ^ "Panni 1969"
  4. ^ "Panni 1969"
  5. ^ a b c d Hazara District Gazetteer 1883 and 1907.
  6. ^ Rawalpindi Gazetteer 1890.
  7. ^ Spain J. W. The Pathan Borderland[full citation needed][dubious ](1964)
  8. ^ "Panni 1969"
  9. ^ Attock District Gazetteer 1892
  10. ^ Dorn B. History of the Afghans: translated from the Persian of Neamet Ullah Third edition p42.
  11. ^ Elphinstone, II. p. 162.[full citation needed]
  12. ^ PCO 200, p. 7.
  13. ^ "Tazkira by Roshan Khan"
  14. ^ "Panni 1969"