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Taras Bulba is a 1962 American Color by Deluxe in Eastmancolor adventure film loosely based on Nikolai Gogol's novel Taras Bulba, starring Tony Curtis and Yul Brynner. The film was directed by J. Lee Thompson. The story line of the film is considerably different from that of Gogol's novel, although it is closer to his expanded 1842 (pro-Russian Imperial) edition than his original (pro-Ukrainian) version of 1835.
|Directed by||J. Lee Thompson|
|Screenplay by||Waldo Salt|
|Based on||Taras Bulba|
by Nikolai Gogol
|Produced by||Harold Hecht|
|Edited by||Folmar Blangsted|
|Music by||Franz Waxman|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|Box office||$3,400,000 (rentals)|
The film opens in the 16th century, when Ukraine, Russia, Poland and elsewhere in eastern Europe were divided into small sections and principalities that fought each other or against one enemy: in this case, the Ottoman Empire. It starts with a battle raging between the Turks and the Poles. The Poles are losing until the Cossacks arrive to save the day. However, it turns out that the Poles were merely holding back so that they could treacherously attack the Cossacks after they won the battle for them. As a result, the Poles become masters of Ukraine and the Cossacks are subjugated. Taras Bulba, one of the Cossack officers, returns home to raise his family but now it is under Polish dominion.
Several years later, Taras sends his two sons, Andriy (Tony Curtis) and Ostap (Perry Lopez) to the academy at Kiev, to obtain a Polish education. There, the eldest son, Andriy, falls in love with a Polish princess Natalia Dubrov (played by Christine Kaufmann), to the ire of the locals, who treat the Cossack brothers like scum of the earth. Ultimately, the brothers are forced to flee Kiev, returning to their father’s house on the Ukrainian steppes.
There, word comes that the Poles want the Cossacks to raise an army to help them in a new war in the Baltic region. When Andriy objects, he is accused of being a coward. This is a serious offense that can only be resolved by a test of courage. Andriy and his accuser ride and jump their horses over a chasm until God chooses which one is right by having the accuser fall to his death. Taras embraces Andriy’s lead and plans to betray the Poles and take back Ukraine.
Assuming command of the Cossacks, Taras leads them to Dubno, where the Poles are expecting him to join them. Instead, the Cossacks attack the Polish army and drive it back into the city. The Cossacks then lay siege to the city. Hunger and disease set in and Andriy, fearing for the life of his Polish lover, sneaks into the city in an attempt to rescue her. He is captured and she is condemned to be burned at the stake for the crime of loving a Cossack. To save her, Andriy agrees to lead a raiding party to bring cattle into the starving city.
Meanwhile, the Cossacks have grown bored with the inactivity of the siege and a large number of them have departed for home. When the Polish commander realizes the weakness of the Cossacks against the raiding force, he orders his whole army to attack. Taras Bulba encounters his son on the field of battle and kills him for his betrayal before joining the general retreat to the edge of a cliff. There, the Cossacks who left the siege to go home rejoin the battle and large numbers of men and horses, both Cossack and Polish, are pushed over the edge to their deaths in the river below.
The movie ends with the Cossacks victorious and entering Dubno. Andriy is to be buried there, as “... it is now a Cossack city.” By the words of Hetman Taras Bulba, the Cossacks will not treat the Poles as badly as they were treated by them: "We will not ravage. We will not pillage. We will burn out the plague, and open the supply wagons, and feed the people of our city."
- Tony Curtis as Andriy Bulba
- Yul Brynner as Taras Bulba
- Christine Kaufmann as Natalia Dubrov
- Sam Wanamaker as Filipenko
- Brad Dexter as Shilo
- Guy Rolfe as Prince Grigory
- Perry Lopez as Ostap Bulba
- George Macready as Governor
- Ilka Windish as Sofia Bulba
- Vladimir Sokoloff as Old Stepan
- Vladimir Irman as Grisha Kubenko
- Daniel Ocko as Ivan Mykola
- Abraham Sofaer as Abbot
- Mickey Finn as Korzh
- Richard Rust as Capt. Alex
- Ron Weyand as Tymoshevsky
- Vitina Marcus as Gypsy princess
The film was a long-time dream project for director Robert Aldrich who worked on it for five years. He said they did "four or five" scripts of the novel, the last of which was "sensational". In January 1959 it was announced the film would be made in Yugoslavia as a co-production between Aldrich & Associates and Avala Films of Yugoslavia. The budget was to be $3 million and Anthony Quinn would play the lead. David Chantler wrote the script. It would be the first American-Yugoslavian co-production. Financing fell through at the last minute and the film was cancelled in March. Aldrich still wanted to make it but fell into financial trouble and ended up selling the script. In May 1959 it was announced Joseph Kaufman had purchased the script and associated research materials from Aldrich for $100,000.
Aldrich claimed Kaufman was acting as a front for producer Harold Hecht,  who had been long associated with more social realist dramas starring Burt Lancaster. After deciding to do some projects without Lancaster, Hecht began working on several films including this adaptation of Gogol's story. The work attracted him because "it was color, flamboyancy, but most of all, a strong personal story, difficult to come by in spectacle."
In February 1961 Hecht signed Tony Curtis, simultaneously negotiating a co-production deal with the actor's film production company, Curtleigh Productions. In July Yul Brynner's casting was announced. The same month he signed on director J. Lee Thompson, who had just completed Cape Fear. "The spectacle will come second," said Thompson. "The important things are the storyline, credibility and the characterizations." After doing a location of ten countries it was decided to film in Argentina.
The female lead would be played by German-Austrian actress Christine Kaufmann who had starred in Town Without Pity. She signed a two-year six-film contract with Hecht. The same month Van Heflin said he would be starring in a rival Taras Bulba movie to be shot in Europe. Susan Hampshire was meant to play a role but reportedly pulled out when her personal relationship with Thompson ended.
Filming began in Argentina on 10 October 1961. The unit was based in the town of Salta. The filming on location in Argentina continued until the end of the year before the production returned to Hollywood; wrapping up in late February.
Thompson called Brynner "an open air actor who needs a big expanse, a big tour de force. He is a marvelous Taras and a fine actor, but should never play comedy." The director also admired Curtis saying "he has really fought and is so eager and he has never stopped working. His is a very romantic part but not as flashy as Yul's."
The score was composed by Franz Waxman, and film composer Bernard Hermann considered it one of the best scores ever written. The music has been nominated in:
- 35th Academy Awards (April 8, 1963) - nominated for an Oscar in Music Score — Substantially Original (lost to Maurice Jarre and his work on Lawrence of Arabia)
- AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores (2005) – nominated. 
The film was budgeted at $3.8 million but went $2.2 million over. After poor sales at the box office, it ended up costing United Artists about $4.5 million. To help market the film, a novelization of the film by Robert W. Krepps was issued to tie-in with the screenplay written by Waldo Salt and Karl Tunberg, an adaptation of Gogol's original story.
On 25 March 2008 the film was released on DVD in Regions 1 and 2. This is its first release on DVD. On 23 September 2014 a Blu-ray version was released by Kino Video in the United States.
- ^ a b Tino Balio, United Artists: The Company That Changed the Film Industry, University of Wisconsin Press, 1987 p. 155.
- ^ "Top Rental Features of 1963", Variety, 8 January 1964, pg 71.
- ^ a b Ringel, Harry (Summer 1974). "Up to Date with Robert Aldrich". Sight and Sound. Vol. 43, no. 3. p. 166.
- ^ "QUINN APPROVES ROLE AS COSSACK: Committed to 'Taras Bulba,'". New York Times. 23 January 1959. p. 18.
- ^ ROBERT F. HAWKINSROME (8 February 1959). "SCREENED ALONG THE TIBER". New York Times. p. X7.
- ^ "M-G-M PLANS FILM OF 'BUTTERFIELD 8'". New York Times. 11 March 1959. p. 41.
- ^ Scott, John L. (4 May 1959). "35 Independents Toil for Columbia: Briskin Announces 'Young Men'; Williams in Films 40 Years". Los Angeles Times. p. C17.
- ^ a b c Scheuer, Philip K. (25 February 1962). "Hecht Musters Army, Shoots 'Epic'". Los Angeles Times. p. A3.
- ^ Hopper, Hedda (25 February 1961). "Author of 'Olympians' Writes a Musical Version". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 13.
- ^ "Curtis cast in new production". The Baltimore Sun. 22 September 1962. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- ^ "Of Local Origin". New York Times. 14 July 1961. p. 12.
- ^ HOWARD THOMPSON (15 July 1961). "CINEMA 16 LISTS 30 SHORT FILMS: New Experimental Movies Are Available for Rental". New York Times. p. 11.
- ^ HOWARD THOMPSON (23 July 1961). "VIEW FROM A LOCAL VANTAGE POINT". New York Times. p. X5.
- ^ A.H. WEILER (4 Mar 1962). "BY WAY OF REPORT: Psychiatry Film Slated, Starlet, New Dramas". New York Times. p. 111.
- ^ HEDDA HOPPER (21 July 1961). "Looking at Hollywood: Heflin Is Off for Europe and $100,000 Acting Job". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. b13.
- ^ Keith Morfett (28 November 1962). "I'll wed Shirley Ann Says Director but She Says No". Daily Mail. p. 1.
- ^ Scheuer, Philip K. (10 Oct 1961). "Argentine 'Oscars' Awarded as Cash: 'Taras Bulba' Man Reports; European Beauties". Los Angeles Times. p. B7.
- ^ FILM DIRECTOR'S VELVET GLOVE HIDES TOUGH, FIRM HAND: HOPPER Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 11 Nov 1962: A4.
- ^ "AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-06.
- Taras Bulba at IMDb
- Taras Bulba at AllMovie
- Taras Bulba at the TCM Movie Database
- Taras Bulba at Rotten Tomatoes