Taraba State

Taraba (Fula: 𞤤𞤫𞤴𞤣𞤭 𞤼𞤢𞤪𞤢𞤦𞤢, romanizedLeydi Taraba) is a state in North Eastern Nigeria, named after the Taraba River, which traverses the southern part of the state. Taraba state's capital is Jalingo. The inhabitants are mainly the people from Fulani, Mumuye, Karimjo and Wurkun tribes, who are predominantly resident in the northern part of the state, while the Jukun, Chamba, Tiv, Kuteb and Ichen tribes are found predominantly in the southern part of the state.The central region is mainly occupied by the Mambila people, Fulani and Jibawa. There are over 77 different tribes, and their languages in Taraba State.

Taraba
𞤤𞤫𞤴𞤣𞤭 𞤼𞤢𞤪𞤢𞤦𞤢, Leydi Taraba
Mambilla Plateau of Taraba State
Mambilla Plateau of Taraba State
Seal of Taraba State
Nicknames: 
Nature's Gift to the Nation (French: Le cadeau de la nature à la nation)
Location of Taraba State in Nigeria
Location of Taraba State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 8°00′N 10°30′E / 8.000°N 10.500°E / 8.000; 10.500Coordinates: 8°00′N 10°30′E / 8.000°N 10.500°E / 8.000; 10.500
Country Nigeria
Date created27 August 1991
CapitalJalingo
Government
 • BodyGovernment of Taraba State
 • Governor
(List)
Darius Ishaku (PDP)
 • Deputy GovernorHaruna Manu (PDP)
 • LegislatureTaraba State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsC: Yusuf Abubakar Yusuf (APC)
N: Shuaibu Isa Lau (PDP)
S: Emmanuel Bwacha (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
Area
 • Total54,473 km2 (21,032 sq mi)
 • Rank3rd of 36
Population
 (2006 census)
 • Total2,294,800[1]
 • Rank30th of 36
GDP (PPP)
 • Year2007
 • Total$3.40 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,446[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
660001
ISO 3166 codeNG-TA
HDI (2018)0.501[3]
low · 26th of 37
Websitetarabastate.gov.ng

HistoryEdit

Taraba state was created out of the former Gongola state on 27 August 1991, by the military government of General Ibrahim Babangida.

GeographyEdit

 
Donga River, Taraba state

Taraba state is bounded in the west by Nasarawa state and Benue state, northwest by Plateau state, north by Bauchi state and Gombe state, northeast by Adamawa state, and south by Northwest Region in Cameroon.

The Benue, Donga, Taraba and Ibi are the main rivers in the state. They rise from the Cameroonian mountains, straining almost the entire length of the state in the North and South directions to link up with the River Niger.[citation needed]

ClimateEdit

The climate of Taraba state is marked by an annual average temperature of 33°C but high level of cold in January and an increased rainfall in August.[4] The percentage of rainfall in Taraba state is 40.35% with 54.98% relative humidity. The state is usually very warm in March with 40.44°C, and an average wind of 8.84km/h.[5]

HealthcaresEdit

Taraba state has many hospitals and health care centers, some of them are:

  • Courage hospital
  • Gateway hospital
  • General hospital bali
  • Sauki hospital and maternity
  • Totus hospital and maternity
  • Albert healthcare company
  • Taraba specialist hospital[6]
  • kwararafa hospital and maternity
  • Federal polythecnic bali medical center
  • First referral hospital
  • Biyama hospital

Local government areasEdit

Taraba state consists of sixteen (16) Local Government Areas (or LGAs), which are governed by elected chairmen. The local government areas are listed as follows:

LanguagesEdit

Languages of Taraba state listed by LGA include:[7]

LGA Languages
Ardokola Fulfulde, Kona, Mumuye
Bali Fulfulde; Ichen Language Fam; Gbaya, Northwest; Jibu; Jukun Takum; Kam; Mumuye; Ndoola; Chamba Dakka; chamba leko; Tiv;
Donga Ichen Language, Ekpan, Chamba Leko, Tiv.
Gashaka Ndoola, Fulfulde, Chamba Daka; Yamba Tiv
Gassol Fulfulde, Wapan, Tiv
Ibi Duguri; Dza, Tiv, Fulfulde, Wanu
Jalingo Fulfulde, Kona, Mumuye;
Karim Lamido Karimjo, Jenjo Fulfulde; Dadiya; Dza; Jiba; Jiru; kodei; Kulung; Kyak; Laka; Munga Lelau; Loo; Mághdì; Mak; Munga Doso; Mumuye; Nyam; Pangseng; Wurkun-Anphandi; Shoo-Minda-Nye; Yandang; Hõne; Kwa; Pero.
Kurmi Ndoro; Ichen language; Tigun language; Abon; Bitare.
Lau Fulfulde, Dza; Loo; Yandang, Laka
Takum Mashi; Bete; Ichen Language; Jukun Takum; Kapya; Kpan; Kpati; Kuteb; Lufu; Acha language Acha; Tiv; Yukuben
Wukari Jukun, Ichen Language; Ekpan; Kpati; Kulung; Tarok; Tiv; Wapan
Sardauna Fulfulde, Áncá; Batu; Buru; Fum; Lamnso'; Lidzonka; Limbum; Mambila; Mbembe, Tigon; Mbongno; Mvanip; Nde-Gbite; Ndoola; Ndunda; Nshi; Somyev; Viti; Vute; Yamba, kaka
Yorro Mumuye, Fulfulde
Zing Mumuye, Nyong; Rang; Yandang

Ussa. Kuteb language

Other languages spoken in Taraba state are Akum, Bukwen, Esimbi, Fali of Baissa, Jiba, Njerep, Tha, Yandang, Yotti, Ywom.[7]

EducationEdit

Taraba State has many schools and education centers, some are

UniversitiesEdit

AgricultureEdit

The major occupation of the people of Taraba state is agriculture. Cash crops produced in the state include coffee, tea, groundnuts and cotton.[citation needed] Crops such as maize, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, and yam are also produced in commercial quantity.[11] In addition, cattle, sheep and goats are reared in large numbers, especially on the Mambilla Plateau, and along the Benue and Taraba valleys.[citation needed] Similarly, the people of Taraba state undertake other livestock production activities like poultry production, rabbit breeding and pig farming in fairly large scale. Communities living on the banks of River Benue, River Taraba, River Donga and Ibi, engage in fishing all year round. Other occupational activities such as pottery, cloth-weaving, dyeing, mat-making, carving, embroidery and blacksmithing are also carried out in various parts of the state.[12][citation needed]

Natural resourcesEdit

Taraba state has abundant natural resources for industrial and commercial use, these include:[13]

Mineral raw materialsEdit

Agro-raw materialsEdit

CultureEdit

The government has made concerted efforts to improve areas of tourist attractions like Mambilla Tourist Center, Gumpti Park and game reserve in Gashaka;, Karimjo Abedahh festival and the Nwunyu fishing festival in Ibi, all this is usually held in April of each year where activities such as canoe racing, swimming competition and cultural dances are held. Other festivals are Purma of the Chamba in Donga, Takum and Jibu culture dance in Bali, the Tagba of Acha People in Takum, Kuchecheb of Kutebs in Takum and Ussa,[15] Kati of the Mambilla and host of others. Taraba is called "Nature's gift to the nation" as the state is rich and has many ethnic groups, including Kuteb, Chamba, Yandang, Mumuyes, Mambila, Karimjo, Wurkums, Jenjo, Jukun, Ichen, Tiv, Kaka, Pena, Kambu, kodei, Wawa, Vute, Fulani, Hausa and Ndola.

 
Mambilla Tribe of Taraba State

A striking historical fact about the State is that it encompasses part of the Mambilla Region which is famed as the Bantu cradle, having been occupied for some five millennia to date (Schwartz, 1972; Zeitlyn & Connell, 2003).

GalleryEdit

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Worlddata".
  5. ^ "Tcktcktck.org".
  6. ^ Mkom, John (16 October 2022). "Mosquitoes: Patients Berate Taraba Specialist Hospital Over Poor Environmental Sanitation". Retrieved 4 January 2023.
  7. ^ a b "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Federal University Wukari Convocation: Buhari Tasks Graduates On Innovation – Independent Newspaper Nigeria". independent.ng. Retrieved 6 January 2023.
  9. ^ Daniels, Ajiri (31 July 2022). "Taraba varsity to establish model ranch – VC". The Sun Nigeria. Retrieved 6 January 2023.
  10. ^ admin (13 March 2017). "Kwararafa University, Wukari, Steps Out". Intervention. Retrieved 6 January 2023.
  11. ^ "About". TARABA STATE GOVERNMENT. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
  12. ^ "Jobs in Taraba State". Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  13. ^ "Natural Resources Natural Resources Available in Taraba State". TARABA STATE GOVERNMENT. Retrieved 30 December 2022.
  14. ^ Hunkuyi, Magaji (29 October 2022). "How groundnut boosts economy of Taraba town". Daily Trust. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
  15. ^ "The Kuteb People - The Kuteb People". Archived from the original on 9 June 2013.
  16. ^ "Taraba governor's wife gets award for empowering youths | The Nation Newspaper". 6 June 2021. Retrieved 25 December 2022.
  17. ^ Online, Tribune (25 November 2022). "Appeal Court affirms Kefas as Taraba PDP governorship candidate". Tribune Online. Retrieved 25 December 2022.

External linksEdit