Taraba is a state in North Eastern Nigeria, named after the Taraba River which traverses the southern part of the state. Taraba's capital is Jalingo. The inhabitants are mainly the Fulani, Jukun and the Ichen who are found predominantly in the southern part of the state while Wurkum, Mumuye, and Kona tribes are predominantly located in the northern part of the state. The central region is mainly occupied by the Mambila people. There are over 40 different tribes and their languages in Taraba State.
|État de Taraba|
|Date created||27 August 1991|
|• Body||Government of Taraba State|
| • Governor |
|Darius Ishaku (PDP)|
|• Deputy Governor||Haruna Manu (PDP)|
|• Legislature||Taraba State House of Assembly|
|• Senators||C: Yusuf Abubakar Yusuf (APC)|
N: Shuaibu Isa Lau (PDP)
S: Emmanuel Bwacha (PDP)
|• Total||54,473 km2 (21,032 sq mi)|
|Area rank||3rd of 36|
|• Rank||30th of 36|
|• Total||$3.40 billion|
|• Per capita||$1,446|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-TA|
low · 26th of 37
Taraba State is bounded in the west by Nasarawa State and Benue State, northwest by Plateau State, north by Bauchi State and Gombe State, northeast by Adamawa State, and south by Nord-Ouest Province in Cameroon.
Taraba State lies largely within the middle of Nigeria and consists of undulating landscape dotted with a few mountainous features. These include the scenic and prominent Mambilla Plateau. The state lies largely within the tropical zone and has a vegetation of low forest in the southern part and grassland in the northern part. The Mambilla Plateau with an altitude of 1,800 meters (6000 ft) above sea level has a temperate climate all year round.
The Benue, Donga, Taraba and Ibi are the main rivers in the state. They rise from the Cameroonian mountains, straining almost the entire length of the state in the North and South direction to link up with the River Niger.
Local Government AreasEdit
Taraba State consists of sixteen (16) Local Government Areas (or LGAs). They are governed by elected chairmen. They are as follows:
Languages of Taraba State listed by LGA:
|Ardokola||Fulfulde, Kona, Mumuye|
|Bali||fulfulde; Etkywan; Fam; Gbaya, Northwest; Jibu; Jukun Takum; Kam; Mumuye; Ndoola; Samba Daka; Samba Leko; Tiv; Waja.|
|Donga||Samba, Leko, Tiv|
|Gashaka||Ndoola, Fulfulde, Samba Daka; Yamba Tiv|
|Gassol||Fulfulde, Wapan, Tiv|
|Ibi||Duguri; Dza, Tiv, Fulfulde|
|Jalingo||Fulfulde, Kona, Mumuye; Jenjo, Kuteb|
|Karim Lamido||Fulfulde; Dadiya; Dza; Jiba; Jiru; kodei; Kulung; Kyak; Laka; Munga Lelau; Loo; Mághdì; Mak; Munga Doso; Mumuye; Nyam; Pangseng; Piya-Kwonci; Shoo-Minda-Nye; Yandang; Hõne; Kwa; Pero; Karimjo; Jenjo|
|Kurmi||Ndoro; Ichen language; Tigun language; Abon; Bitare Tiv language|
|Lau||Fulfulde, Dza; Loo; Yandang, Laka|
|Takum||Mashi; Bete; Etkywan; Jukun Takum; Kapya; Kpan; Kpati; Kuteb; Lufu; Acha language Acha; Tiv; Yukuben|
|Wukari||Jukun, Etkywan; Etulo; Kpan; Kpati; Kulung; Tarok; Tiv; Wapan|
|Sardauna||Fulfulde, Áncá; Batu; Buru; Kuteb; Fum; Kpan; Lamnso'; Lidzonka; Limbum; Mambila; Mbembe, Tigon; Mbongno; Mvanip; Nde-Gbite; Ndoola; Ndunda; Nshi; Somyev; Viti; Vute; Yamba, kaka|
|Yorro||Mumuye, Fulfulde, Samba|
|Zing||Mumuye, Fulfulde, Nyong; Rang; Samba Daka; Yandang|
Ussa. Kuteb language
Other languages spoken in Taraba State are Akum, Bukwen, Esimbi, Fali of Baissa, Jiba, Njerep, Tha, Yandang, Yotti, Ywom.
The major occupation of the people of Taraba State is agriculture. Cash crops produced in the state include coffee, tea, groundnuts and cotton. Crops such as maize, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, and yam are also produced in commercial quantity. In addition, cattle, sheep and goats are reared in large numbers, especially on the Mambilla Plateau, and along the Benue and Taraba valleys. Similarly, the people undertake other livestock production activities like poultry production, rabbit breeding and pig farming in fairly large scale. Communities living on the banks of River Benue, River Taraba, River Donga and Ibi engage in fishing all year round. Other occupational activities such as pottery, cloth-weaving, dyeing, mat-making, carving, embroidery and blacksmithing are also carried out in various parts of the State.
The government has made concerted efforts to improve areas of tourist attractions like Mambilla Tourist Center, Gumpti Park and game reserve in Gashaka; and the Nwunyu fishing festival in Ibi, which is usually held in April of each year where activities such as canoe racing, swimming competition and cultural dances are held. Other festivals are Purma of the Chamba in Donga, Takum and Jibu culture dance in Bali, the Tagba of Acha People in Takum, Kuchecheb of Kutebs in Takum and Ussa, Kati of the Mambilla and host of others. Taraba is called "Nature's gift to the nation" as the state is rich and have many ethnic groups, including Fulanis, Kuteb Chamba, Yandang, Mumuyes, Mambila, Wurkums, Janjo, Jukun, Ichen, Tiv, Kaka, Pena, Kambu, kodei, Wawa, Vute, Hausa and Ndola.
A striking historical fact about the State is that it encompasses part of the Mambilla Region which is famed as the Bantu cradle, having been occupied for some five millennia to date (Schwartz, 1972; Zeitlyn & Connell, 2003).
A Mountain in Gembu
- Aisha Jummai Al-Hassan (Mama Taraba) - Former Nigerian Minister of Women Affairs, Former Senator of Northern Zone of Taraba
- Emmanuel Bwacha - Senator Representing Southern Taraba, Deputy Senate Minority Leader at National Assembly
- Theophilus Danjuma - Nigerian soldier, Politician, Businessman, Nigerian Chief of Army Staff (1975-1979), Minister of Defense (1999-2003)
- Darius Ishaku - Current Governor of Taraba state
- Saleh Mamman, Nigerian minister of power
- Mahmud Mohammed - Nigerian Jurist and former Chief Justice of Nigeria
- Jolly Nyame - Former Governor of Taraba state
- Danbaba Suntai - Nigerian pharmacist, Politician, Former Governor of Taraba state
- "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
- "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 10 January 2020.