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Tapti River

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The Tapti River (or Tapi)[2] is a river in central India between the Godavari and Narmada rivers. It flows westwards over a length of 724 km (449.9 mi) before draining through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea.[3] It flows through Surat, and is crossed by the Magdalla, ONGC Bridge.[4]

Tapti
Tapi
Tapti river (5).jpg
Location
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat
CitiesNepanagar, Multai, Burhanpur, Bhusawal, Surat
Physical characteristics
SourceMultai
MouthGulf of Khambhat (Arabian Sea)
 ⁃ location
Dumas, Surat, Gujarat
Length724 km (450 mi)approx.
Discharge 
 ⁃ locationDumas Beach[1]
 ⁃ average489 m3/s (17,300 cu ft/s)
 ⁃ minimum2 m3/s (71 cu ft/s)
 ⁃ maximum9,830 m3/s (347,000 cu ft/s)
Prakasha Barage on Tapti River, at Prakasha

The river Tapti rises in Satpura range, in Multai. Multai is located at 21.77°N 78.25°E location. It has an average elevation of 749 metres (2457 feet). Multai is the holy place and origin for river Tapti. The daughter of Surya, the Sun God, Mata Tapti is worshipped here in two different temples Prachin Mandir and Naveen Mandir. The Multai town is decorated on Akhad Saptami Tapti Janmotsav and an annual Mela is organized on this occasion.

At Khandwa-Burhandpur Gap the rivers Tapti and Narmada come close to each other. On 7 August 1968, before the construction of the Ukai Dam to bring its waters under control and provide hydroelectric power, the Tapti River overflowed its banks during heavy rains during the monsoon season. More than 1,000 people drowned in the flood,[5] and the city of Surat was submerged beneath 10 feet of water for several days.[6] After the floodwaters receded, at least 1,000 more people died in Gujarat state during a cholera epidemic from the contamination of the drinking water.[7]

EtymologyEdit

The river is supposedly named after the goddess Tapati, the daughter of Surya, the Sun god and Chhaya. Tapati is the sister of Shani, Bhadra, Yamuna and Yama.[8]

Panorama of Tapi river in Surat city

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tapti Basin Station: Kathore". UNH/GRDC. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  2. ^ Herne, P. (1855). "XXIII: Domus. Surat. The nature of the jungles beyond. A boa constrictor. A tiger. A lion. Terrible conflict. A Banyan tree.". Perils and Pleasures of a Hunter's Life; or the Romance of Hunting by Peregrine Herne. Cornell University Library. pp. 194–204. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  3. ^ "Tapi River / Tapti River". mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  4. ^ "Truck falls into Tapi River from Magdalla Bridge, driver missing". The Times of India. Bennett, Coleman & Co. 31 May 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  5. ^ Associate Press (13 August 1968). "1,000 Believed Dead In India Flooding". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 1. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Western India Town Under 10 Feet Of Water; Flood Toll Hits 1,000", Indianapolis Star, 15 August 1968, p2
  7. ^ Lee Allyn Davis, Facts on File: Natural Disasters (Infobase Publishing, 23 June 2010) pp166-167
  8. ^ Mittal, J.P. (2006). History of ancient India : a new version. New Delhi: Atlantic. p. 412. ISBN 9788126906161. Retrieved 21 July 2016.

External linksEdit