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Taps Combe Camp

Taps Combe Camp (also known as Chelvey Batch Settlement) is an Iron Age hill fort in North Somerset, England. The hill fort is situated approximately 1.8 miles (2.9 km) east from the village of Brockley. The hill fort is shaped a lot like a "D", and is approximately 50 metres (160 ft) by 50 metres (160 ft) wide.[2][3]

Taps Combe Camp
Native name Chelvey Batch Settlement
Taps Combe Camp is located in Somerset
Taps Combe Camp
Location of Taps Combe Camp in Somerset
Location Brockley, Somerset, England
Coordinates 51°23′59″N 2°44′56″W / 51.39972°N 2.74889°W / 51.39972; -2.74889Coordinates: 51°23′59″N 2°44′56″W / 51.39972°N 2.74889°W / 51.39972; -2.74889
Built Iron Age
Reference no. 194826[1]

BackgroundEdit

Hill forts developed in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, roughly the start of the first millennium BC.[4] The reason for their emergence in Britain, and their purpose, has been a subject of debate. It has been argued that they could have been military sites constructed in response to invasion from continental Europe, sites built by invaders, or a military reaction to social tensions caused by an increasing population and consequent pressure on agriculture. The dominant view since the 1960s has been that the increasing use of iron led to social changes in Britain. Deposits of iron ore were located in different places to the tin and copper ore necessary to make bronze, and as a result trading patterns shifted and the old elites lost their economic and social status. Power passed into the hands of a new group of people.[5] Archaeologist Barry Cunliffe believes that population increase still played a role and has stated "[the forts] provided defensive possibilities for the community at those times when the stress [of an increasing population] burst out into open warfare. But I wouldn't see them as having been built because there was a state of war. They would be functional as defensive strongholds when there were tensions and undoubtedly some of them were attacked and destroyed, but this was not the only, or even the most significant, factor in their construction".[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Taps Combe Camp". National Monuments Record. English Heritage. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Everden, Shirley (August 2009). "Enclosure At Chelvey Batch, Broadfield Down Earthwork Survey" (PDF). Retrieved 15 July 2018. 
  3. ^ Russet, Vince, ed. (2007). "Four Enclosures on Broadfield Down, North Somerset" (PDF). Yatton, Congresbury, Claverham, and Cleeve Archaeological Research Team. YCCCART: 4. Retrieved 15 July 2018. 
  4. ^ Payne, Andrew; Corney, Mark; Cunliffe, Barry (2007), The Wessex Hillforts Project: Extensive Survey of Hillfort Interiors in Central Southern England, English Heritage, p. 1, ISBN 978-1-873592-85-4 
  5. ^ Sharples, Niall M (1991), English Heritage Book of Maiden Castle, London: B. T. Batsford, pp. 71–72, ISBN 0-7134-6083-0 
  6. ^ Time Team: Swords, skulls and strongholds, Channel 4, 2008-05-19, retrieved 16 September 2009