Tango Province

Tango Province (丹後国, Tango no Kuni) was an old province in the area that is today northern Kyoto Prefecture facing the Sea of Japan.[1] Together with Tanba Province, Tango was sometimes called Tanshū (丹州). Tango bordered on Tajima, Tanba, and Wakasa provinces.

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Tango Province highlighted

At various times both Maizuru and Miyazu were the capital and chief town of the province.


In the 3rd month of the 6th year of the Wadō era (713), the land of Tango Province was administratively separated from Tanba Province. In that same year, Empress Genmei's Daijō-kan continued to organize other cadastral changes in the provincial map of the Nara period.

In Wadō 6, Mimasaka Province was sundered from Bizen Province, and Hyūga Province was divided from Ōsumi Province.[2] In Wadō 5 (712), Mutsu Province had been severed from Dewa Province.[2]

Maps of Japan and Tango Province were reformed in the 1870s when the prefecture system was introduced.[3] At the same time, the province continued to exist for some purposes. For example, Tango is explicitly recognized in treaties in 1894 (a) between Japan and the United States and (b) between Japan and the United Kingdom.[4]

The 1927 Kita Tango earthquake caused major damage in the region and killed around 3,000 people.

This area is still known as Tango Peninsula, some parts of it are in Tango Quasi-National Park. A town in this region was likewise named Tango. It is now defunct and part of Kyōtango (Kyō + Tango) since 2004.

Historical districtsEdit



  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Papinot, Edmond. (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha. OCLC 77691250
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon (Nihon Ōdai Ichiran). Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Tango Province at Wikimedia Commons