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Tangkak (Chinese: 东甲) is the principal town and capital of Tangkak District in Johor, Malaysia. The town is nicknamed "Fabric Town" or "Syurga Kain" in honour of its many textile shops. It is also well known as being a major entry point to Mount Ophir, the highest mountain in Johor.
|• Total||381.2 km2 (147.18 sq mi)|
|Population (The estimate 2015)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (MST)|
|• Summer (DST)||Not observed|
|National calling code||+6-07, +6-06|
|License plate prefix||Jxx|
History, Etymology and InfrastructureEdit
Tangkak was founded in the year 1901 at the foot of Mt. Ophir (1276m high) and was under the direct control of Muar district then. In 1946, the local council was established and was governed by the Assistant District Officer who in turn reported to the Muar District Office in those days.
According to hearsay, the word Tangkak came from the Malay word merangkak, meaning to crawl. It was believed that Long Mahmud had led 7 brothers from the Riau Province (in Indonesia) to start the first settlement that is today Tangkak. These 7 brothers had sailed from Riau Province and sailing along the Kesang River before finally arriving at Tangkak River. They saw the flat terrain and decided to stay put at the place. Unfortunately they had difficulties getting up the river bank as their legs got stuck at the slippery river mud. They had to use the roots of trees to help them to get on land. When other settlers asked them the name of the place, they will answer tang merangkak tu. Over a period of time, it was shortened to Tangkak, the name of the settlement today.
This town is linked to the famous mountain - Gunung Ledang where it was said that the most beautiful princess resided there in the ancient times. This princess, known as Puteri Gunung Ledang, had the last Sultan of the Malacca Sultanate so smitten with her that he had sent his top warrior, Hang Tuan, to ask her for her hand in marriage. Myth or otherwise, Hang Tuan never came back after his second visit to the mountain.
Tangkak has a police organization that would soon be upgraded as a Police District Headquarters. The town is served by the Tangkak District Hospital which offers assistance to many highway mishaps and numerous primary health centres. Tangkak District Hospital also serves as a teaching hospital for Melaka Manipal Medical College.
The sub-districts of Muar and Tangkak has separated and Tangkak has been upgraded to a full-fledged district since 2006, but it would be renamed as the Ledang district after the Gunung Ledang nearby. Menteri Besar Datuk Abdul Ghani Othman said the Ledang district covers Tangkak town, Tanjung Agas, Kesang, Sungai Mati, Serom, Sagil and Bukit Gambir.
Tangkak has an extensive network of roads including proximity to the North-South Expressway. The PLUS Expressway has an exit to Tangkak. Federal highway links Tangkak to Muar in the south and Segamat in the north.
- Towns and Cities in Malaysia
- Muar to say goodbye to Tangkak, The Star, November 20, 2006
- More information in Chinese, please refer to http://www.ledang.org.my/default.aspx
- Kuil Sri Subramaniar Tangkak, 115, Jalan Muar, 84900 Tangkak, Johor. (website:http://www.kaumaram.com/tangkak)