Tangerine (1941 song)

"Tangerine" is a popular song. The music was written by Victor Schertzinger, the lyrics by Johnny Mercer.[1] The song was published in 1941 and soon became a jazz standard.

BackgroundEdit

"Tangerine" was introduced to a broad audience in the 1942 movie, The Fleet's In, produced by Paramount Pictures, directed by Schertzinger just before his death, and starring Dorothy Lamour, William Holden, Eddie Bracken, singer Cass Daley, and Betty Hutton in her feature film debut.

The song portrays a fictitious South American woman with universally recognized allure: "When she dances by, / Señoritas stare / And caballeros sigh."[2] As one of Mercer's biographers explained the initial popularity: "Latin America, the one part of the world not engulfed in World War II, became a favorite topic for songs and films for Americans who wanted momentarily to forget about the conflagration."[3]

Charted recordingsEdit

The most popular recorded version of the song was made by the performers who introduced it in the film: the Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra with vocalists Helen O'Connell and Bob Eberly. The recording was released in January 1942 by Decca Records as catalog number 4123. The record first reached the Billboard charts on April 10, 1942, and lasted 15 weeks on the chart, including six weeks at #1.[4] The lyrics in this version differ slightly from those in the movie. On the record, Eberly sings "And I've seen toasts to Tangerine / Raised in every bar across the Argentine,"[1] the lyric that became standard. In the movie at that point, the line is "And I've seen times when Tangerine / Had the bourgeoisie believing she were queen."

A disco instrumental version by the Salsoul Orchestra brought the song back into the U.S. top twenty in 1976.[5] It also reached #11 on the US, Easy Listening chart.

Chart performanceEdit

The Salsoul OrchestraEdit

Chart (1976) Peak
position
U.S. Billboard Easy Listening[6] 11
U.S. Billboard Dance/Disco [7] 6
US Billboard Hot 100[8] 18
US Hot Soul Singles (Billboard)[9] 36

Other notable coversEdit

More than 100 acts have recorded "Tangerine", including such notable artists as:

Popular cultureEdit

In addition:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Pop Chronicles 1940s Program #7". 1972.
  2. ^ Eskew, Glenn T. (2013). Johnny Mercer: Southern Songwriter for the World. University of Georgia Press. p. 322. ISBN 978-0820333304.
  3. ^ Furia, Philip (2004). Skylark: The Life and Times of Johnny Mercer. Macmillan. p. 263. ISBN 978-1466819238.
  4. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1973). Top Pop Records 1940–1955. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research.
  5. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2000). Top Pop Singles 1955–1999. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research.
  6. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2002). Top Adult Contemporary: 1961-2001. Record Research. p. 213.
  7. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Hot Dance/Disco: 1974-2003. Record Research. p. 226.
  8. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2013). Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles, 14th Edition: 1955-2012. Record Research. p. 736.
  9. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 509.
  10. ^ "Title Search". ASCAP. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
  11. ^ Cook, Stephen. "Stan Getz / Zoot Sims – The Brothers". AllMusic. Retrieved January 20, 2017.