Tang Prize

The Tang Prize (Chinese: 唐獎) is a set of biennial international awards bestowed in four fields: Sustainable Development, Biopharmaceutical Science, Sinology, and Rule of Law. Nomination and selection are conducted by an independent selection committee, which is formed in partial cooperation with the Academia Sinica, Taiwan's top research institution.[1]

Tang Prize
Awarded forOutstanding contributions in sustainable development, biopharmaceutical science, sinology, and rule of law
CountryTaiwan
Presented byThe Tang Prize Foundation
First awarded2014
Websitewww.tang-prize.org

PhilosophyEdit

In the advent of industrialization and globalization, humanity has greatly enjoyed the convenience brought about by science and technology. Yet, humanity also faces a multitude of critical environmental, socio-cultural, and ethical issues on an unparalleled scale, such as climate change, inequality, and moral degradation. Against this backdrop, a Taiwanese entrepreneur Samuel Yin established the Tang Prize Foundation in December 2012.

With the aim to recognize and support contributors for their revolutionary efforts in the research fields critical to the 21st century, the Tang Prize is global in reach. Laureates are selected on the basis of the originality of their work along with their contributions to society, irrespective of gender, religion, ethnicity, or nationality.[1]

Award categoriesEdit

The award categories of the Tang Prize include Sustainable Development, Biopharmaceutical Science, Sinology, and Rule of Law.[2]

The Prize in Sustainable Development recognizes those who have made extraordinary contributions to the sustainable development of human societies, especially through groundbreaking innovations in science and technology.

The Prize in Biopharmaceutical Science recognizes original biopharmaceutical or biomedical research that has led to significant advances towards preventing, diagnosing and/or treating major human diseases to improve human health.

The Prize in Sinology recognizes the study of Sinology in its broadest sense, awarding research on China and its related fields, such as Chinese thought, history, philology, linguistics, archaeology, philosophy, religion, traditional canons, literature, and art (excluding literary and art works). Honoring innovations in the field of Sinology, the Prize showcases Chinese culture and its contributions to the development of human civilization.

The Prize in Rule of Law recognizes individual(s) or institution(s) who have made significant contributions to the rule of law, reflected not only in the achievement of the candidate(s) in terms of the advancement of legal theory or practice, but also in the realization of the rule of law in contemporary societies through the influences or inspiration of the work of the candidate(s).[3]

LaureatesEdit

Each laureate receives a Tang Prize medal and diploma. In addition, NT$40 million (US$1.3 million) cash prize is awarded in each category, as well as a research grant of NT$10 million (US$0.33 million), for a total of NT$50 million (US$1.63 million). Should two, or up to three, candidates receive an award in the same category, the cash prize and research grant are shared.[4]

Year Field Name Nationality Citation
2020
Rule of Law
Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association   Bangladesh "for their efforts in furthering the rule of law and its institutions through education and advocacy. Utilizing innovative strategic litigation, reinforced by rigorous scholarship, these organizations have demonstrated exemplary perseverance in promoting greater individual, social and environmental justice, in milieus where the foundations of the rule of law are under severe challenge."[5]
Dejusticia: The Center for Law, Justice and Society   Colombia
The Legal Agenda   Lebanon
Sinology
Wang Gungwu   Australia "for his ground-breaking research on the Chinese world order, Chinese overseas, and Chinese migratory experience."[6]
Biopharmaceutical Science
Charles Dinarello   United States "for the development of cytokine-targeting biological therapies for the treatment of inflammatory diseases."[7]
Marc Feldmann   Australia
  United Kingdom
Tadamitsu Kishimoto   Japan
Sustainable Development
Jane Goodall   United Kingdom "Jane Goodall, recognizing her ground-breaking discovery in primatology that redefines human-animal relationship and her lifelong, unparalleled dedication to the conservation of Earth environment.."[8]
2018
Rule of Law
Joseph Raz   United Kingdom
  Israel
"for his path-breaking contributions to the rule of law, and for deepening our understanding of the very nature of law, legal reasoning, and the relationship between law, morality and freedom."[9]
Sinology
Stephen Owen   United States "for his penetrating scholarship and theoretical ingenuity in Classical Chinese prose and poetry, especially Tang poetry and its translation."[10]
Yoshinobu Shiba   Japan "for his mastery and depth of insight in Chinese social-economic history achieved through his original theoretical lens that fuses the distinctive fortes of Chinese, Japanese, and Western scholarship."[11]
Biopharmaceutical Science
Anthony R. Hunter   United States "for the discovery of protein tyrosine phosphorylation and tyrosine kinases as oncogenes, leading to successful targeted cancer therapies."[12]
Brian J. Druker   United States
John Mendelsohn   United States
Sustainable Development
James E. Hansen   United States "for sounding the alarm on climate change, elucidating the physics of climate forcings and feedbacks,quantifying the dangers of global warming, and tirelessly advocating meaningful action and solutions."[13]
Veerabhadran Ramanathan   India "for making seminal contributions to our fundamental understanding of climate change and impacts of air pollution, and taking direct action to advocate and facilitate effective mitigation policies."[14]
2016
Rule of Law
Louise Arbour   Canada "for her enduring contributions to international criminal justice and the protection of human rights, to promoting peace, justice and security at home and abroad, and to working within the law to expand the frontiers of freedom for all."[15]
Sinology
William Theodore de Bary   United States "for his pioneering contributions in Confucian studies. In his remarkable academic career spanning over seven decades, he has written and edited over 30 books with many of them making ground-breaking contributions that provide both enlightening insight and honest critique into Confucianism."[16]
Biopharmaceutical Science
Emmanuelle Charpentier   France "for the development of CRISPR/Cas9 as a breakthrough genome editing platform that promises to revolutionize biomedical research and disease treatment."[17]
Jennifer Doudna   United States
Feng Zhang   United States
Sustainable Development
Arthur H. Rosenfeld   United States "for his lifelong and pioneering innovations in energy efficiency resulting in immense reductions in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions around the world."[18]
2014
Rule of Law
Albie Sachs   South Africa "for his many contributions to human rights and justice globally through an understanding of the rule of law in which the dignity of all persons is respected and the strengths and values of all communities are embraced, in particular through his efforts in the realization of the rule of law in a free and democratic South Africa, working as activist, lawyer, scholar, and framer of a new Constitution to heal the divisions of the past and to establishing a society that respects diversity and is based on democratic values, social justice and fundamental human rights."[19]
Sinology
Yu Ying-shih   United States "for his mastery of and insight into Chinese intellectual, political, and cultural history with an emphasis on his profound research into the history of public intellectuals in China."[20]
Biopharmaceutical Science
James P. Allison   United States "for the discoveries of CTLA-4 and PD-1 as immune inhibitory molecules that led to their applications in cancer immunotherapy."[21] Two winners then won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine together in 2018.
Tasuku Honjo   Japan
Sustainable Development
Gro Harlem Brundtland   Norway "for her innovation, leadership and implementation of sustainable development that laid out the scientific and technical challenges for the global community to achieve a better balance of economic development, environmental integrity, and social equality for the benefit of all humanity."[22][23]

List of countries by laureatesEdit

Until 2020.

Rank Country Laureates
1   United States 13
2=   Japan 3
2=   United Kingdom 3
3   Australia 2
4=   Norway 1
4=   South Africa 1
4=   France 1
4=   Canada 1
4=   India 1
4=   Israel 1
4=   Bangladesh 1
4=   Colombia 1
4=   Lebanon 1

Selection CommitteeEdit

Nomination and selection for the first and second Tang Prize cycles (2013-2014 and 2015-2016, respectively) were conducted by the Academica Sinica on commission of the Tang Prize Foundation; beginning with the third prize cycle (2017-2018), nomination and selection are now conducted by an independent selection committee which is formed in partial cooperation with the Academia Sinica.

The Tang Prize Selection Committee is composed of four separate committees, one per prize category. The committees invite respected scholars and institutions from around the world, including many Nobel laureates, to submit nominees, ensuring those nominated have attained a sufficient level of achievement.[24]

TimelineEdit

Events during the award year:

Time Event
May Decisions made by the Selection Committee.
June 18–21 Announcement of the laureate(s) in each of the award category.
September Award Ceremony and the Tang Prize Week events.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Tang Prize Selection Committee". Archived from the original on 2017-09-11. Retrieved 2017-09-11.
  2. ^ "Winners of Tang Prize hope it can draw young talent to science". Archived from the original on 2014-09-21. Retrieved 2014-09-20.
  3. ^ Graphics, 很好設計, Weichunglee. "Tang Prize | About | Award Categories". www.tang-prize.org. Archived from the original on 2017-09-11. Retrieved 2017-09-11.
  4. ^ "'Asian Nobels' will bring prize-giving up to date". Archived from the original on 2014-10-07. Retrieved 2014-09-20.
  5. ^ Rule of Law 2020
  6. ^ Sinology 2020
  7. ^ Biopharmaceutical Science 2020
  8. ^ Sustainable Development 2020
  9. ^ 良艮創意,很好設計,李維宗設計. "Tang Prize | Laureates". www.tang-prize.org. Archived from the original on 2018-08-06. Retrieved 2018-08-05.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ 良艮創意,很好設計,李維宗設計. "Tang Prize | Laureates". www.tang-prize.org. Archived from the original on 2018-08-06. Retrieved 2018-08-05.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ 良艮創意,很好設計,李維宗設計. "Tang Prize | Laureates". www.tang-prize.org. Archived from the original on 2018-08-06. Retrieved 2018-08-05.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  12. ^ 良艮創意,很好設計,李維宗設計. "Tang Prize | Laureates". www.tang-prize.org. Archived from the original on 2018-08-06. Retrieved 2018-08-05.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ 良艮創意,很好設計,李維宗設計. "Tang Prize | Laureates". www.tang-prize.org. Archived from the original on 2018-08-06. Retrieved 2018-08-05.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ 良艮創意,很好設計,李維宗設計. "Tang Prize | Laureates". www.tang-prize.org. Archived from the original on 2018-08-06. Retrieved 2018-08-05.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ "2016 Tang Prize in Rule of Law". Archived from the original on 2016-09-14. Retrieved 2016-07-08.
  16. ^ "2016 Tang Prize in Sinology". Archived from the original on 2016-09-14. Retrieved 2016-07-08.
  17. ^ "Tang Prize Foundation>>Laureates>>Biopharmaceutical Science>>2016 Tang Prize in Biopharmaceutical Science". Archived from the original on 2016-07-02. Retrieved 2016-06-19.
  18. ^ "2016 Tang Prize in Sustainable Development". Archived from the original on 2016-06-20. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  19. ^ Tang Prize Foundation>>Laureates>>Rule of Law>>2014 Tang Prize in Rule of Law Archived 2014-10-09 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Tang Prize Foundation>>Laureates>>Sinology>>2014 Tang Prize in Sinology Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Tang Prize Foundation>>Laureates>>Biopharmaceutical Science>>2014 Tang Prize in Biopharmaceutical Science Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ 2014 Tang Prize in Sustainable Development Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ "Tang Prize laureate calls for more sustainable development efforts". Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2014-10-05.
  24. ^ Graphics, 很好設計, Weichunglee. "Tang Prize | About | Nomination & Selection". www.tang-prize.org. Archived from the original on 2017-09-11. Retrieved 2017-09-11.

External linksEdit