Tanay, Rizal

Tanay, officially the Municipality of Tanay (Tagalog: Bayan ng Tanay IPA: [tɐˈnaɪ]), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 139,420 people. [4]

Tanay
Municipality of Tanay
Tanay Municipal Hall
Tanay Municipal Hall
Official seal of Tanay
Nickname(s): 
Tourism Capital of Rizal
Anthem: Tanay Dakila ka
Map of Rizal with Tanay highlighted
Map of Rizal with Tanay highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Tanay is located in Philippines
Tanay
Tanay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°29′50″N 121°17′11″E / 14.49722°N 121.28639°E / 14.49722; 121.28639Coordinates: 14°29′50″N 121°17′11″E / 14.49722°N 121.28639°E / 14.49722; 121.28639
CountryPhilippines
RegionCalabarzon
ProvinceRizal
District 2nd district
FoundedNovember 12, 1606[1]
Named for"Monte de Tan-ay"
Barangays20 (see Barangays)
Government
[2]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorRex Manuel C. Tanjuatco
 • Vice MayorRafael A. Tanjuatco
 • RepresentativeJuan Fidel Felipe F. Nograles
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate69,466 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total200.00 km2 (77.22 sq mi)
Elevation
37 m (121 ft)
Highest elevation
331 m (1,086 ft)
Lowest elevation
1 m (3 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [4]
 • Total139,420
 • Density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
 • Households
25,463
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence6.37% (2018)[5]
 • Revenue₱448,841,554.49 (2020)
 • Assets₱2,296,853,667.77 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱394,910,280.19 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱942,623,291.00 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
 • WaterTanay Water District
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
1980
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)2
Native languagesSinauna
Tagalog
Major religionsRoman Catholicism
Feast dateJanuary 22–24
Catholic dioceseDiocese of Antipolo
Patron saintIldephonsus of Toledo

Our Lady of Guadalupe - (Town Proper),

Holy Cross - (Barangay Tandang Kutyo), and

Jude the Apostle - (Barangay Sampaloc)
Websitewww.tanay.gov.ph

It is located 57 kilometres (35 mi) east of Manila, although a typical commute between Manila and Tanay will take between one and three hours depending upon traffic conditions. It contains portions of the Sierra Madre Mountains and is bordered by Antipolo in the north-west, Baras, Morong and Teresa in the west, General Nakar (Quezon Province) in the east, and Pililla, Santa Maria (Laguna province) as well as the lake Laguna de Bay in the south.

It is the epicenter of the Tanay Tagalog dialect, which has the deepest modern Tagalog words in the Tagalog language and is the only endangered Tagalog dialect.

HistoryEdit

 
San Ildefonso de Toledo Church.
 
Rizal Shrine near the San Ildefonso de Toledo Church.

Tanay was settled by early Austronesian people. Shortly after the conquest and subjugation of Manila by the Spaniards and the surrounding lake areas by Juan de Salcedo in 1570–1574, Franciscan missionaries arrived to Christianize the inhabitants of what is now the Morong-Pililla area. In 1583, both Morong and Pililla were created as separate towns with Tanay forming part of Pililla.

Tanay was founded as a separate pueblo (town) in 1606 under the name "Monte de Tan-ay". In 1620, administration was moved to San Antonio (now called Inalsan or Pantay) and Tandang Kutyo. In 1638, the town was burned during an uprising of Chinese living in the area, and the town was rebuilt in 1640 at the present day location.[6]

In 1747, the town of Tanay consisted of only eight barangays, namely Nuestra Senora del Rosario, Sa Josep, San Ildefonso de Tanay, San Francisco de Maytubig, San Pedro de Alcantara, San Lucas y San Antonio, San Apostol, and San Agustin de Balugbog.

In 1853, a new political subdivision was formed. The town of Tanay together with Morong, Baras, Pililla, Angono, Binangonan and Jalajala form the Province of La Laguna, with the capital at Morong. This district was later changed to Distrito Politico-Militar de Morong after four years.

Tanay became a Municipality in 1894 as an effect of the Spanish Maura Law. The first election of Public Office took place in 1895–1898 and 1898–1900 under the Revolutionary Government of the Philippines.

Tanay members of the Katipunan fought valiantly during the Revolution against Spain. The town was the headquarters of the second military area of the Philippine Revolutionary Government under General Emilio Aguinaldo. And for a brief period between 1899 and 1900, Tanay served as the capital of the then Morong Province after Philippine–American War broke out and the American forces invaded the lake towns and captured Antipolo.[7]

In 1900–1901, Tanay as was under the Government appointed by the American Military under Taft Commission. From 1903 to 1934 the town leadership was under the American rule then in 1934 Tanay was under the Commonwealth of the Philippines as the Tydings–McDuffie Act was approved on March 24, 1934, until the Philippines fell to the hands of the Japanese during the Second World War in 1942.

In 1942–1945 the Mountains of Tanay served as the Guerrilla base for 'Marking's Fil-American Guerrillas, beginning the Liberation of Tanay in March 1945 a very decorated by the Filipino soldiers of the 4th and 42nd Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 4th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and the recognized guerrillas against the Japanese occupation forces during World War II. General Agustin Marking is buried in a private cemetery by the road overlooking his son's farm in Sampaloc.

On June 19, 1959, Republic Act No. 2336, also known as "An Act Establishing a Summer Resort in Sampaloc, Municipality of Tanay, Province of Rizal" was approved whereas there is hereby established a summer resort in Sampaloc. The Commission on Parks and Wildlife shall issue such rules and regulations for the establishment of such resort is taken place.

In October 2003, deposed Philippine president Joseph Estrada was transferred to a rest home in Sampaloc, a mountain barangay. He remained under house arrest until he was given executive clemency by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.

During the Typhoon Ketsana (Ondoy) on September 26, 2009, Tanay was one of the hardest hit towns due to the rising of Laguna Lake and the flooding of Tanay River.

GeographyEdit

BarangaysEdit

 
Political subdivisions

Tanay is politically subdivided into 20 barangays (10 urban, 10 rural).[8]

 
Limestone outcrop somewhere in barangay Cuyambay
 
Tanay Park near the San Ildefonso de Toledo Church

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Tanay, Rizal (1999–2012, extremes 2000–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.1
(82.6)
29.5
(85.1)
31.0
(87.8)
32.2
(90.0)
33.0
(91.4)
31.0
(87.8)
30.8
(87.4)
29.5
(85.1)
29.5
(85.1)
30.1
(86.2)
29.0
(84.2)
28.5
(83.3)
33.0
(91.4)
Average high °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
24.9
(76.8)
26.4
(79.5)
28.2
(82.8)
28.3
(82.9)
27.4
(81.3)
26.4
(79.5)
25.8
(78.4)
26.2
(79.2)
26.2
(79.2)
25.6
(78.1)
24.3
(75.7)
26.2
(79.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
21.9
(71.4)
22.9
(73.2)
24.4
(75.9)
24.7
(76.5)
24.3
(75.7)
23.6
(74.5)
23.2
(73.8)
23.3
(73.9)
23.3
(73.9)
22.8
(73.0)
21.7
(71.1)
23.1
(73.6)
Average low °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
18.8
(65.8)
19.4
(66.9)
20.5
(68.9)
21.0
(69.8)
21.1
(70.0)
20.7
(69.3)
20.5
(68.9)
20.4
(68.7)
20.4
(68.7)
19.9
(67.8)
19.1
(66.4)
20.0
(68.0)
Record low °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
13.0
(55.4)
13.0
(55.4)
16.0
(60.8)
15.5
(59.9)
15.0
(59.0)
16.0
(60.8)
13.5
(56.3)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
13.0
(55.4)
13.5
(56.3)
13.0
(55.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 70.7
(2.78)
63.0
(2.48)
59.0
(2.32)
50.6
(1.99)
196.3
(7.73)
257.6
(10.14)
534.2
(21.03)
474.1
(18.67)
482.8
(19.01)
276.5
(10.89)
264.8
(10.43)
202.3
(7.96)
2,931.9
(115.43)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10 9 8 6 14 18 22 23 21 18 18 16 183
Average relative humidity (%) 89 89 87 85 87 90 92 93 92 91 91 90 89
Source: PAGASA[12][13]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Tanay
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 4,124—    
1918 6,704+3.29%
1939 8,228+0.98%
1948 8,627+0.53%
1960 13,955+4.09%
1970 23,247+5.23%
1975 33,382+7.53%
1980 40,443+3.91%
1990 58,410+3.75%
1995 69,181+3.22%
2000 78,223+2.67%
2007 94,460+2.64%
2010 98,879+1.68%
2015 117,830+3.40%
2020 139,420+3.36%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[14][15][16][17]

In the 2020 census, the population of Tanay, Rizal, was 139,420 people, [4] with a density of 700 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,800 inhabitants per square mile.

The majority of the population consists of Tagalogs who live near Laguna de Bay, though there is also a significant percentage of mountain-dwelling people living in the northern portions of the municipality. The town's major trades consist of fishing, agriculture and regional commerce.

The roots of the Sambalic languages can be traced back to Tanay, where the etymologically similar Sinuana or Remontado Dumagat is still spoken in villages in the Sierra Madre mountains between Sampaloc and General Nakar, Quezon.[18]

EconomyEdit


GovernmentEdit

Position Name Political Party Gather Votes
Mayor Rafael A. Tanjuatco PDP-LABAN 27,400
Vice Mayor Rex Manuel C. Tanjuatco PDP-LABAN 23,992
Councilor Allan Sacramento PDP-LABAN 27,730
Councilor Ivan Tongohan AKSYON 24,223
Councilor Gel Pitoral PFP 22,997
Councilor Itchie Vergel De Dios PFP 22,459
Councilor Lala De Guzman AKSYON 22,091
Councilor Rommel Magwili AKSYON 21,067
Councilor Bong Ocampo Liberal 20,773
Councilor Aaron Guerrero AKSYON 20,626
ABC Chairman TBF TBF TBF
SK President TBF TBF TBF

The Municipal Council approved the P80+ million budget for the construction of the new municipal building of Tanay. The lending company will be the Landbank of the Philippines, Tanay Branch. Certain issues and debates from different sectors and influential names about the construction arose, and still now under public consultation and hearing.

Tanay Rodeo FestivalEdit

To promote and market the town's cattle and agri-eco tourism not only within the municipality but also in the Calabarzon region, the Municipal Government of Tanay holds Tanay Rodeo every third week of January each year. The festival is also in line with the celebration of Tanay Town Fiesta. It is participated by professionals and rodeo enthusiasts, and veterinary/animal science students from renowned universities in the country.[26]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tanay Hane Festival - Municipality of Tanay, Rizal". Tanay.gov.ph. 2015-07-10. Retrieved 2019-10-26.
  2. ^ Municipality of Tanay | (DILG)
  3. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  5. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  6. ^ "Municipality of Tanay, Its Profile". Archived from the original on 2007-03-22. Retrieved 2007-06-20.
  7. ^ "Municipality of Tanay, Its Profile". Archived from the original on 2007-03-22. Retrieved 2007-06-20.
  8. ^ "Province: Rizal". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  9. ^ "Tanay now has 20 barangays". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 2019-10-26.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-09. Retrieved 2010-10-11.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-11. Retrieved 2010-10-11.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Tanay, Rizal Climatological Normal Values". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 18 October 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  13. ^ "Tanay, Rizal Climatological Extremes". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 18 October 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  14. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  15. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  16. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  17. ^ "Province of Rizal". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  18. ^ About Culture and Arts
  19. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  20. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  22. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  23. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  24. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  25. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  26. ^ Tourism, Tanay. "Tanay Rodeo Festival". Municipal Government of Tanay, Rizal. Retrieved 2016-02-12.

External linksEdit