The Tāmraśāṭīya (Sanskrit: ताम्रशाटीय), also called Tāmraparṇīya (Sanskrit; Pali: Tambapaṇṇiya) was one of the early schools of Buddhism and a branch of the Vibhajyavāda school based in Sri Lanka. It is thought that the Theravāda tradition has its origins in this school.
(Wylie: gos dmar sde)
(THL: gö mar dé)
|Vietnamese||Xích Đồng Diệp Bộ|
|Glossary of Buddhism|
Its sutras were written mainly in Pali; and the Pali canon of Buddhism largely borrowed from this school. The Tāmraśāṭīya is also known as the Southern transmission or Mahaviharavasin tradition. This contrasts with Sarvastivada or the 'Northern transmission', which was mostly written in Sanskrit and translated into Chinese and Tibetic languages.
Several etymologies are given for the name of this school.
Tāmra is a Sanskrit term referring to the color of red copper, describing the color of the monks' robes. Based on the standard Chinese translation of the term, it has also been suggested that "copper" refers to copper plates on which the Tripitaka was written.
The Tāmraśāṭīya school was established in modern-day Sri Lanka in the city of Anuradhapura, but also remained active in Andhra and other parts of South India, such as Vanavasa in modern Karnataka, and later across South-East Asia.
The school survived in Sri Lanka and established three main branches:
- Mahāvihāra, thought to be the origins of the Theravāda
- Cousins, Lance (2001), On the Vibhajjavādins, Buddhist Studies Review 18 (2), 131-182
- Hahn, Thich Nhat (2015). The Heart of Buddha's Teachings. Harmony. pp. 13–16.
- "History of Buddhism – Xuanfa Institute". Retrieved 2019-06-23.
- Cheng, Chuan (May 2012). "Designations of Ancient Sri Lankan Buddhism in the Chinese Tripiṭaka". Journal of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies. Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies. 2: 104–123. ISSN 2047-1076.
- 赤沼智善『印度佛教固有名詞辭典』1967, 679頁; Renou, L'Inde classique, 1947『インド学大事典』1981, 466; B. C. Law, Geography of early Buddhism, 1973, 70頁
- The Mahavamsa Chapter XXXVII King Mahasena
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