Tamarix ramosissima

Tamarix ramosissima, commonly known as saltcedar[1] salt cedar, or tamarisk, is a deciduous arching shrub with reddish stems, feathery, pale green foliage, and characteristic small pink flowers.

Tamarix ramosissima
Tamarix ramosissima a2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Tamaricaceae
Genus: Tamarix
Species:
T. ramosissima
Binomial name
Tamarix ramosissima

The cultivar 'Pink Cascade' (dark pink flowered) has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[2][3]

DescriptionEdit

 
Tamarix ramossissima at Villeurbanne, France

Tamarix ramosissima is a hardy shrub or small tree native to Europe and Asia. It is a vigorous, deciduous shrub grown for its ornamental reddish stems, its showy plumes of flowers, and its unusual feathery leaves. Its hardiness and tolerance for poor soil make it a popular, easy to grow shrub. It can grow up to 8 m in height and up to 5 m in width. It can be used as a screen, windbreak, informal hedge or specimen shrub.[4]

It produces upright racemes of small, pink, five-petaled flowers from late summer to early autumn which cover the new wood of the plant. It is tolerant of many soil types, but prefers a well-drained, light or sandy soil in full sun. This plant is considered an invasive species in warmer climates.[4]

Invasive speciesEdit

Tamarix ramosissima is a major invasive plant species in the Southwestern United States and Desert Region of California, consuming large amounts of groundwater in riparian and oases habitats.[4] The balance and strength of the native flora and fauna are being helped by various restoration projects, by removing tamarisk groves as if they were noxious weeds.[5]

SaltEdit

The plant's common name refers to its ability to tolerate salt water[6] by excreting salt into its leaves through specialized salt glands — thereby producing salt deposits which kill other species;[7] these salt deposits can also weaken interatomic binding in soil clays, leading to increased erosion.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "saltcedar". Invasive Plant Atlas. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  2. ^ "Tamarix ramosissima 'Pink Cascade' | /RHS Gardening". www.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Tamarix ramosissima 'Pink Cascade'". BBC Gardeners' World Magazine. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  4. ^ a b c Zouhar, Kris. 2003. Tamarix spp. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.
  5. ^ Afton Canyon Riparian Restoration Project Fourth Year Status Report. Archived 2015-12-06 at the Wayback Machine Bureau of Land Management. accessed 6/20/2010
  6. ^ a b Which came first, the salt or the saltcedar? A quantitative study of soil and groundwater chemistry along the Middle Rio Grande, New Mexico, by Michelle Cederborg, at the Colorado Riparian Association; published April 20, 2008; retrieved April 24, 2019
  7. ^ Invasive Weeds - Salt Cedar, at the USDA Forest Service; retrieved April 24, 2019

Further readingEdit