Tamagusuku (玉城, 1296–April 22, 1336) was a legendary local ruler of Okinawa Island.

King of Ryūkyū
DiedApril 22, 1336(1336-04-22) (aged 39–40)[1]
Okinawa Island was split into three polities during the Sanzan period

According to Ryukyu's official history, Okinawa was split into three polities during the reign of Tamagusuku.[2] He was the third son of Eiji (r. 1309-1313), he was the fourth ruler of the Eiso dynasty.

Succeeding his father Eiji as paramount chief of Okinawa's territorial lords at the age of nineteen, Tamagusuku lacked the charisma and leadership skills to command respect and loyalty from those lords (the anji). A number of these lords rebelled, and the island of Okinawa came to be divided into three kingdoms. Tamagusuku, remaining in Urasoe, became the chief of Chūzan. His failure to institute reforms or innovations in governance is generally claimed as one of the causes of the fall of the dynasty, which ended with Tamagusuku's son and successor Seii.[2]

The Aji of Ōzato fled south from Tamagusuku's capital at Urasoe and, along with his followers, became the King of Nanzan.[3] The Lord of Nakijin, based some distance to the north, declared himself King of Hokuzan.[4] He was succeeded by his only son Seii.


  1. ^ a b "「中山世譜」全文テキストデータベース". 玉城王 名號不傳。元、元貞二年丙申、降誕。……元、延祐元年甲寅、即位。……元、至元二年丙子、三月十一日薨。在位二十三年。壽四十一。
  2. ^ a b Kerr, pp. 59-62., p. 59, at Google Books
  3. ^ Kerr, p. 60., p. 60, at Google Books
  4. ^ Kerr, p. 61., p. 61, at Google Books


Preceded by
King of Ryūkyū
Succeeded by