Talvik (municipality)

Talvik or Talvig is a former municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The 1,650-square-kilometre (640 sq mi) municipality existed for 101 years, from 1863 until its dissolution in 1964. The municipality included all the coastal areas in the outer Altafjorden in the northern part of what is now Alta Municipality. The administrative centre was the village of Talvik where the Talvik Church is located.[2]

Talvik herred

Talvig (historic)
View of the village (c. 1852)
View of the village (c. 1852)
Official logo of Talvik herred
Finnmark within
Norway
Talvik within Finnmark
Talvik within Finnmark
Coordinates: 70°02′32″N 22°56′59″E / 70.04222°N 22.94972°E / 70.04222; 22.94972Coordinates: 70°02′32″N 22°56′59″E / 70.04222°N 22.94972°E / 70.04222; 22.94972
CountryNorway
CountyFinnmark
DistrictVest-Finnmark
Established1863
Disestablished1 Jan 1964
Administrative centreTalvik
Area
 • Total1,650 km2 (640 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (1964)
 • Total3,266
 • Density2.0/km2 (5.1/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Talvikværing
Taviking[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-2013
Preceded byAlten-Talvig in 1863
Succeeded byAlta in 1964

HistoryEdit

The municipality was established in 1863, when the large municipality of Alten-Talvig was dissolved and it was divided into two separate municipalities: Talvik (population: 1,938) in the north and Alta (population: 2,442) in the south. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the neighboring municipalities of Talvik (population: 3,266) and Alta (population: 6,629) were merged to form a new, larger Alta Municipality.[3]

NameEdit

The municipality was named after the old Talvik farm, since Talvik Church was located there. One explanation of the name is that the first element name is derived from the Old Norse word tall meaning "pine" and the last element is víkr meaning "inlet". The other explanation is that Talvik is a corruption of the Northern Sami word Dálbmeluokta which means "fog bay" and translates to Norwegian as tåkebukta.[2]

GovernmentEdit

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Herredsstyre) of Talvik was made up of 21 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Talvik Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [4]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
4
Total number of members:21
Talvik Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [5]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:21
Talvik Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [6]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:16
Talvik Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [7]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
Total number of members:16
Talvik Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [8]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
6
Total number of members:16
Talvik Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [9]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
7
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:16

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ a b Thorsnæs, Geir; Askheim, Svein, eds. (2014-11-29). "Talvik". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-05-12.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  5. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  6. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  7. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  8. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  9. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-16.