Coordinates: 59°26′39″N 24°45′18″E / 59.444197°N 24.754971°E / 59.444197; 24.754971

Tallink (Estonian pronunciation: [ˈtɑlʲˑiŋk]) is an Estonian shipping company operating Baltic Sea cruiseferries and ropax ships from Estonia to Finland, Estonia to Sweden, Latvia to Sweden and Finland to Sweden. It is the largest passenger and cargo shipping company in the Baltic Sea region.[2] It owns Silja Line and a part of SeaRail.[3] Tallink Hotels runs four hotels in Tallinn and one in Riga. It is also the co-owner of a taxi company Tallink Takso.

AS Tallink Grupp
TypePublic
Nasdaq BalticTAL1T
Industrytransportation
Founded1989
Headquarters
Area served
Northern Europe
Key people
Enn Pant, Paavo Nõgene
ProductsFerries, port services, passenger transportation, freight transportation, holidays, business travel
RevenueDecrease 949.1 million euros (2019)[1]
Decrease 49.7 million euros (2019)[1]
Number of employees
7,270 (2019)[1]
Websitewww.tallink.com
www.tallinksilja.com
Tallink building in Tallinn.

It is a publicly traded company, that is listed in Tallinn Stock Exchange. A major shareholder is an investment company AS Infortar, that also has ownership in several Tallink subsidiaries and a natural gas company Eesti Gaas.

HistoryEdit

BackgroundEdit

The history of the company known today as Tallink can be traced back to 1965 when the Soviet Union-based Estonian Shipping Company (ESCO) introduced passenger ferry services between Helsinki and Tallinn on MS Vanemuine.[4] Regular around-the-year passenger ferry services began in 1968 on MS Tallinn, which served the route until it was replaced by the new MS Georg Ots in 1980.[5][6]

1989–1992Edit

 
The original MS Tallink in Tallinn Harbour, 1994.

In May 1989 ESCO formed a new subsidiary, joint venture (Estonian: ühisettevõte) Tallink, together with the Finnish Palkkiyhtymä Oy. In December of the same year ESCO and Palkkiyhtymä purchased MS Scandinavian Sky from SeaEscape, and the ship began servicing the Helsinki–Tallinn route on 8 January 1990 as MS Tallink.[7][8] During her first year in service the Tallink carried 166,000 passengers.[7] Later in the same year the freighter MS Transestonia joined the Tallink on the Helsinki–Tallinn route[9] and Tallink was established as the name of the company as well as the main ship. At the same time ESCO still operated the Georg Ots in the same route, essentially competing with its own daughter company. This conflict was resolved in September 1991 when the Georg Ots was chartered to Tallink.[8] In the early 1990s passenger numbers on Helsinki–Tallinn traffic were steadily increasing, and during winters between 1992 and 1995 Tallink chartered MS Saint Patrick II from Irish Ferries to increase capacity on the route.[10]

1993–2000Edit

 
MS Meloodia, chartered from EstLine in 1995, introduced a blue hull colour to the Tallink fleet.

Tallink became a fully Estonian-owned company in 1993 when Palkkiyhtymä sold its shares of both the Tallink company and MS Tallink to ESCO.[8] At this time other companies were establishing themselves on the lucrative Helsinki–Tallinn traffic, including the Estonian New Line, owned by the Tallinn-based Inreko.[11] ESCO and Inreko saw no sense in competing with each other and in January 1994 Tallink and Inreko Laeva AS were merged into AS Eminre.[12] Tallink remained the marketing name for the company's fleet.[8][13] Later in the same year Inreko purchased MS Nord Estonia from EstLine (a daughter company of ESCO and the Swedish Nordström & Thulin), renamed her MS Vana Tallinn and placed her in Helsinki–Tallinn traffic for Tallink.[14] Inreko also brought with them two fast hydrofoils, HS Liisa and HS Laura which began serving under the Tallink Express brand.[15] In 1994 Tallink also attempted traffic from Estonia to Germany for the first time, with two chartered ferries MS Balanga Queen and MS Ambassador II that were placed on the route Helsinki–Tallinn–Travemünde.[16][17]

In September 1994 AS Eminre's operations were divided into two companies, one that took care of the traffic to Germany (which was soon closed down) and AS Hansatee which took the Helsinki–Tallinn traffic and the Tallink name.[11][12] ESCO was the dominant partner in Hansatee, controlling 45% of the shares, whereas Inreko owned only 12.75% (the remaining 42.25% belonging to Eesti Ühispank, Estonia).[8] In 1995 Hansatee brought the first large ferry into Helsinki–Tallinn traffic when they chartered MS Mare Balticum from EstLine and renamed her MS Meloodia.[18] Following various disputes between ESCO and Inreko (most notably about the charter price of Vana Tallinn), Inreko sold their shares of AS Hansatee to ESCO in December 1996.[11] At the same time Inreko sold the Tallink Express hydrofoils to Linda Line, Estonia, and begun operating the Vana Tallinn on Helsinki–Tallinn traffic under the name TH Ferries.[11][14]

In 1997 a second large ferry was brought to Tallink's traffic when the company chartered MS Normandy from Stena Line.[19] To replace the lost hydrofoils, Hansatee purchased a new express catamaran in May 1997, which was named MS Tallink Express I.[8][20] At this time it was clear that two large ferries were needed for traffic between Helsinki and Tallinn, and when the Normandy's charter ended in December 1997 Tallink purchased MS Lion King from Stena Line, which entered traffic in February 1998 as MS Fantaasia.[21] In July of the same year Tallink purchased the freighter MS Kapella which opened a line from Paldiski to Kapellskär,[22] Tallink's first route to Sweden.[8] In October the original MS Tallink, which no longer conformed modern safety regulations, was sold.[23] Two months later Hansatee purchased their first fast ferry capable of carrying cars, HSC Tallink AutoExpress.[24]

2000–2006Edit

 
The sister ships Romantika and Victoria I (pictured) were Tallink's first new builds, delivered in 2002 and 2004, respectively.

By the year 2000 ESCO had become the sole owner of EstLine, and in December 2000 EstLine's two ferries MS Regina Baltica and MS Baltic Kristina were chartered to Hansatee, and the line between Tallinn and Stockholm began to be marketed as a part of Tallink.[8][25] A few months earlier, in August 2000, Hansatee had ordered their first newbuild the 2,500-passenger cruiseferry MS Romantika from the Finnish Aker Finnyards.[26] This was the first ship in a new building programme that between 2001 and 2010 cost €1.2 billion.[7] In June 2001 Tallink purchased HSC Tallink AutoExpress 2,[27] while next month EstLine was declared bankrupt.

In 2002 AS Hansatee changed its name to AS Tallink Grupp,[12] and in May of the same year the company took delivery of the MS Romantika, which was placed on Helsinki–Tallinn traffic.[8][26] In November of the same year the classic Georg Ots was sold to the government of Russia.[6] In 2004 three news ships joined Tallink's fleet, HSC Tallink AutoExpress 3[28] and HSC Tallink AutoExpress 4[29] alongside the Romantika's sister MS Victoria I which was placed on Tallinn–Stockholm route,[30] replacing MS Fantaasia which in turn started a new route from Helsinki to St. Petersburg via Tallinn. This route proved unprofitable and was terminated in January 2005.[21] Later in 2005 Tallink ordered a sister ship of the to-be-delivered MS Galaxy[31] and a fast ropax ferry from Aker Finnyards[32] as well as another ropax ferry from the Fincantieri yard in Italy.[33] On December 9, 2005, Tallink was listed at Tallinn Stock Exchange.[8]

2006–presentEdit

In 2006, Tallink purchased the Baltic Sea operations of Superfast Ferries from Attica Group, opened a route between Riga and Stockholm[8] (with MS Fantaasia,[21] which was within a month replaced by MS Regina Baltica[34]), took delivery of the new MS Galaxy[35] which replaced Romantika on the Tallinn–Helsinki route, transferred Romantika to the Tallinn–Stockholm route,[26] and withdrew AutoExpress from service.[24] A few months later, the company purchased the rival Finnish passenger line Silja Line from Sea Containers.[8] The purchase of Superfast and Silja cost €780 million.[7] In October 2006, the company expressed an interest in making an offer to operate ferries on the state-subsidized routes between the Swedish island of Gotland and the Swedish mainland between 2009 and 2015.[36]

 
Baltic Princess, the second Galaxy-class ship, was delivered to Tallink in 2008. The Galaxy-class ships are in essence lengthened versions of Romantika and Victoria I.

From the beginning of 2007, the former Superfast ships were moved under the Tallink brand and their route changed to Tallinn–Helsinki–Rostock.[37][38][39] In April of the same year, Aker Yards delivered the fast cruiseferry MS Star that had been ordered in 2005.[32] With the delivery of the Star, Meloodia was chartered to Balearic Islands, Spain for ten months and later sold,[18][40] while AutoExpress 3 and AutoExpress 4 were also withdrawn.[28][29] During April 2007 Tallink also ordered a third Galaxy-class cruiseferry from Aker Yards.[41]

Two new ships followed in 2008, with the fast cruiseferry MS Superstar delivered from Fincantieri and the second Galaxy-class ship, MS Baltic Princess, delivered from Aker Yards. Both ships were placed in service between Helsinki and Tallinn[31][33] With the delivery of the former, the last AutoExpress fast craft, AutoExpress 2, was withdrawn from Helsinki–Tallinn service.[27] Baltic Princess, meanwhile, replaced her sister ship Galaxy, which was transferred to the fleet of Silja Line. With the arrival of Galaxy MS Silja Festival was left without employment in the Silja fleet, and she was in turn transferred to Tallink's fleet, joining Regina Baltica on the Riga–Stockholm service.[42] In November 2008, MS Superfast IX, one of three ships purchased from Superfast Ferries in 2006, was chartered to the Canadian Marine Atlantic ferry operator for five years.[39] In April 2009, Tallink took delivery of its last newbuilding (as of 2010), when MS Baltic Queen was delivered STX Europe (the former Aker Yards). The new ship was placed on the Tallinn–Mariehamn–Stockholm service alongside Victoria I.[43] Romantika, that had been Victoria I's running mate since 2006, was in turn transferred to the Riga–Stockholm route,[26] where she replaced Regina Baltica that was in turn chartered out to Acciona Trasmediterránea.[34]

In December 2009, it was reported that the company was struggling to repay its debts of €1.1 billion. The fiscal year ending in August resulted in an operating loss, and the company had to re-negotiate with its 15 funding banks debt repayment schedules for the years 2009–2011. The banks took a more controlling role in the company: it could no longer pay dividends, make investments, or sign new contracts without its creditors' approval. Tallink also had to pick up the pace in debt repayments if conditions were to improve, and had to look for options to sell or rent some of its ships. Most of its debts were incurred for purchasing Silja Line for €470 million and Superfast Ferries for €310 million.[44]

In November 2009, due to the competitive pressure of larger rivals and higher fuel prices Tallink temporarily withdrew MS Superfast VII and MS Superfast VIII from the Germany–Finland service.[7] The ships spent the winter of 2009–2010 laid up in Kopli, before re-commencing service between Helsinki and Rostock in April 2010.[37][38]

In March 2011, it was confirmed that the MS Superfast VIII and MS Superfast VII have been chartered to Stena Line for a period of three years, with the option to extend the charter for another year. Stena Line will use these ships for Scotland–Northern Ireland service. The vessels will be delivered after the end of the high season in August 2011. Until then they are operated on their current route by Tallink. The prospective charter will improve the result of these vessels so that they will be generating a profit.

In February 2015 the company signed a building contract for the construction of its first liquefied natural gas-fueled ship, the MS Megastar which began from January 2017 providing a six-times-a-day Tallinn–Helsinki–Tallinn service.[7]

In 2018 during the course of over 10,000 voyages the company carried 9.756 million passengers, 1.25 million vehicles and 384,958 cargo units.[7][1]

In 2019 the company carried 9.763 million passengers and 385,000 cargo units.[1]

In 2019 Tallink reached a franchise agreement with a global fast-food company, Burger King to open restaurants in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, and according to the agreement, Tallink will have exclusive rights for running Burger King eateries in the Baltic states for 20 years.[45] The company plans to open the first restaurant in each Baltic state in the first half of 2020.[46] The enlargement of Burger King will employ around 800 people in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.[47]

ControversiesEdit

Ignored man overboardEdit

In April 2006 Tallink's ferry MS Regina Baltica, en route from Tallinn to Stockholm, ignored when multiple passengers reported that a passenger had fallen overboard. The crew refused to stop the ship to search for the passenger and the 21-year-old Estonian male perished in the incident. Tallink later accepted no responsibility for the accident, emphasizing that none of the passengers confirmed actually seeing the man falling overboard or in the water.[48]

FleetEdit

Current fleetEdit

Ship Type Built Entered
service
Route Tonnage Flag Notes
MS Baltic Queen Cruiseferry 2009 2009 TallinnMariehamnStockholm 48,915 GT   Estonia
MS Isabelle Cruiseferry 1989 2013 RigaStockholm 35,134 GT   Latvia Bought from the competitor Viking Line in April 2013 and replaced Silja Festival. MS Isabelle will pick up Ukrainian refugees on the ferry.
MS Megastar Cruiseferry 2017 2017 Tallinn - Helsinki 49,000 GT   Estonia
MS Regal Star Ro-ro 2000 2004 PaldiskiKapellskär 15,281 GT   Estonia
MS Silja Europa Cruiseferry 1993 2016 Tallinn - Helsinki 59,912 GT   Estonia
MS Star Cruiseferry 2007 2007 Tallinn - Helsinki 36,249 GT   Estonia Re-route after September 1.
MS Sailor Ro-ro 1987 2020 PaldiskiKapellskär 20,921 GT   Estonia
1 May be specified in gross tonnage (GT) or gross register tons (GRT).

Under constructionEdit

Ship To enter
service
Route Tonnage Flag Notes
MS MyStar 2022 HelsinkiTallinn 50,000 GT   Estonia Will replace MS Star. Construction started on 6 April 2020. Will start shipping from 01.11.2022.

On charterEdit

Ship Type Built In service Route Tonnage Flag Notes
MV Atlantic Vision Fast ro-pax 2002 2008–2022 Port aux Basques–North Sydney 30,285 GT   Canada[49] Since 2008 under charter to Marine Atlantic until 2024.
MS Romantika Cruiseferry 2002 2022–2025 +(1+1) Eemshaven - Kristiansand 40,803 GT   Netherlands [50] From March 2022, is MS Romantika chartered to Holland Norway Lines until at least 2023.
MS Victoria I Cruiseferry 2004 2004 docked in the port of Leith, near Edinburgh. 40,975 GT   Estonia Chartered to provide temporary accommodation in Scotland

Former vesselsEdit

Ships that are still in use are marked in green.

Ship Built In service Tonnage1 Status as of 2021
MS MS Tallink 1972 1989–1996 8,020 GRT
10,341 GT
Scrapped in Alang, India, 2005.
MS Transestonia 1972 1990–2000 2,386 GRT Scrapped in Alang, India, 2006.
MS Saint Patrick II 1973 1992–1995 7,984 GRT Since 2002 MS C.T.M.A. Vacancier for Coopérative de transport maritime et aérien.
MS Georg Ots 1980 1993–2000 12,549 GRT Scrapped in China in 2014.
HS Laura 1993 1993–1997 298 GRT Scrapped in Cape Verde in 2014.
MS Corbiere
MS Apollo
1970 1994
1998
4,238 GRT Since 2000 MS Apollo, owned by Labrador Marine. Scrapped in Aliağa, Turkey, 2021.
MS Ulstein Surfer 1984 1994 299 GRT In 2005, crashed in Banjul, Gambia.
MS Balanga Queen 1968 1994 10,448 GRT Since 1994 MS Discovery Sun for Discovery Cruise Line. Scrapped in Chittagong, Bangladesh, 2012.
MS Ambassador II 1970 1994 7,993 GRT Sailed 1999-2010 for Sterling Casino Lines - Scrapped in New Orleans in 2011.
MS Meloodia 1979 1996–2006 17,955 GT Since 2007 MS ARV 1 Equinox Offshore Accommodation. Scrapped in Alang, India, 2021.
MS Tallink Express I 1989 1997–2001 430 GT Since 2008 MS Panormitis, owner unknown.
MS Normandy 1981 1997 17,043 GT Since 2008 owned by Equinox Offshore Accommodation. Scrapped in Alang, India, 2012.
MS Fantaasia 1979 1997–2006 10,604 GT Laid up at Sandefjord, Norway since 2008 as MS Kongshavn.
MS Marine Evangeline
MS Kapella
1973 1997–2012 7,564 GT Scrapped in Aliağa, Turkey, 2021.
HSC Tallink Autoexpress 1996 1999–2006 5,308 GT Since 2006 HSC Alcantara Dos, owned by Acciona Trasmediterránea.
MS Baltic Kristina 1973 2001–2002 12,281 GRT Since 2007 MS Rigel for Ventouris Ferries. Scrapped in Alang, India, 2021.
HSC Tallink AutoExpress 2 1997 2001–2007 5,307 GT Since 2007 under charter to Consolidada de Ferrys until September 2009. Hasn't been driving since 2018 because he crashed into a Guanta port.
HSC Tallink Autoexpress 3 1997 2004–2007 3,971 GT Since 2007 HSC Queen Nefertiti for Arab Bridge Maritime Co. The ship has been in the port of Aqaba since 2017.
HSC Tallink Autoexpress 4 1996 2004–2007 3,971 GT Since 2007 HSC Speedrunner II for Aegean Speed Lines.
MS Galaxy 2006 2006–2008 48,915 GT Since 2008 sailing for Silja Line.
MS Vana Tallinn 1974 1994–2011 10,002 GT Sold to Allferries SA in 2011. Scrapped in Aliağa, Turkey, 2014.
MS Baltic Princess 2008 2008–2013 48,915 GT Since 2013 sailing for Silja Line.
MS Silja Festival 1986 2008–2013 34,414 GT After being replaced by MS Isabelle on the Stockholm-Riga route in May 2013 she was chartered as an accommodation ship to Kitimat, British Columbia[51] She was then sold in early 2015 to Corsica Ferries.
MS Regina Baltica 1980 2001–2009 18,345 GT After being replaced by another ship she was chartered to several other companies and then laid up in Tallinn. She was sold in early 2015.
MS Superstar 2008 2008–2017 36,400 GT Sold to Corsica Ferries Group. New name Pascal Lota under Italian flag.
MS Stena Superfast VII 2001 2011–2014 30,285 GT Sold to Stena Line.
MS Stena Superfast VIII 2001 2011–2014 30,285 GT Sold to Stena Line.
MS Mistral 1998 2013 10,471 GT Sold to Godby Shipping.
MS Sea Wind 1972 2022 15,879 GT Sold to Rudniki Shipping.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "AS Tallink Grupp Audited Annual Report of the 2019 Financial Year". Tallink. April 20, 2020. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)
  2. ^ SeaRail: Information about SeaRail (archived), retrieved 2007-11-02
  3. ^ (in Finnish) FCBS Forum: Re: Tallinkin, ESCO:n, Inrekon jne. suhteista, retrieved 2007-11-02
  4. ^ "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Svanetiya (1960)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  5. ^ a b "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Georg Ots (1980)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 1 August 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Pagni, John (January 2020), "Tallinn Ho!: Tallink at 30 Rules the Baltic", Ships Monthly: 20–21{{citation}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Tallink official website: Company history Archived 2008-01-07 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 2007-11-02
  8. ^ "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Arona (1972)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 30 July 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  9. ^ "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Aurella (1973)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 3 August 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  10. ^ a b c d (in Finnish) FCBS Forum: Tallinkin, ESCO:n, Inrekon jne. suhteista, retrieved 2007-11-02
  11. ^ a b c FCBS Forum: Tallinkin, ESCO:n, Inrekon jne. suhteista, retrieved 2007-11-02
  12. ^ Simplon Postcards: Tallink, retrieved 2007-11-02
  13. ^ a b "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Dana Regina (1974)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 9 December 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  14. ^ Tallink brochure, summer 1994
  15. ^ "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Freeport (1968)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 1 August 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  16. ^ "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Prins Oberon (1970)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2 August 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  17. ^ a b (in Swedish) Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Diana II av Slite (1979), retrieved 2007-11-02
  18. ^ "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Prinsessan Birgitta (1981)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 1 August 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  19. ^ "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Sleipner (1989)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 31 July 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  20. ^ a b c (in Swedish) Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Turella (1979), retrieved 2007-11-02
  21. ^ "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Duke of Yorkshire (1974)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 31 July 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  22. ^ "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Svea Regina (1972)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2 August 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  23. ^ a b (in Swedish) Fakta om Fartyg: HSC SuperSeaCat France (1996), retrieved 2007-11-02
  24. ^ "Fakta om Fartyg: EstLine" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 3 August 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  25. ^ a b c d "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Romantika (2002)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 31 July 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  26. ^ a b "Fakta om Fartyg: HSC Boomerang (1997)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 26 May 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  27. ^ a b (in Swedish) Fakta om Fartyg: HSC Pegasus Two (1997), retrieved 2007-11-02
  28. ^ a b (in Swedish) Fakta om Fartyg: HSC Pegasus One (1996), retrieved 2007-11-02
  29. ^ "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Victoria (2003)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 24 May 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  30. ^ a b Asklander, Micke. "M/S Baltic Princess (2008)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  31. ^ a b "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Star (2007)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 31 July 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  32. ^ a b "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Superstar (2008)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 1 August 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  33. ^ a b "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Viking Song (1980)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 20 December 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  34. ^ "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Galaxy (2006)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 31 July 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  35. ^ (in Swedish) Gotlandska.se: Tallink visar intresse för Gotlandstrafiken Archived 2012-08-01 at archive.today, retrieved 2007-11-02
  36. ^ a b "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Superfast VII (2001)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 30 July 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  37. ^ a b "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Superfast VIII (2001)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 1 August 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  38. ^ a b "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Superfast IX (2002)" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 3 August 2012., retrieved 2007-11-02
  39. ^ Tallink Stock Exchange release 2007-11-14: Sale of Meloodia Archived 2007-12-22 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 2007-11-16
  40. ^ Aker Yards press release 2007-04-11, retrieved 2007-08-23
  41. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Wellamo (1986)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  42. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Baltic Queen (2009)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  43. ^ (in Finnish) Turun Sanomat: Ylivelkainen Tallink joutuu lykkäämään velanmaksua Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 2009-12-15
  44. ^ "Burger King fast-food joints to open in Estonia". Estonian World. 29 September 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  45. ^ "Burger King and Tallink Grupp to open locations in three Baltic states". Verdict Food Service. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  46. ^ "Burger King coming to Estonia". Eesti Rahvusringhääling. 27 September 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  47. ^ (in Swedish) Expressen: Tallinks vd: "Det är kaptenen som tar besluten", retrieved 2007-08-23
  48. ^ Port of registry: MS/Atlantic Vision Archived 2011-10-15 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 2012-01-04
  49. ^ |date=2021-11-01
  50. ^ "Kitimat smelter operator to house temporary workers on cruise ship". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 10 April 2014.

BibliographyEdit

  • Id, Kalle (2015). Tallink: The First 25 Years. Ramsey, Isle of Man: Ferry Publications. ISBN 9781906608927.

External linksEdit