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The Tallahassee Police Department (TPD), provides public safety services for the city of Tallahassee, Florida. Within the department, there are twelve primary divisions: The Chief of Police, Internal Affairs, Development Bureau, Investigations, Traffic Enforcement, Crime Analysis Unit, Public Information Office, Towing Administration, Property & Evidence, Operations Bureau, Technology, Records, and Special Operations.[1]

Tallahassee Police Department
Tallahassee Police.jpg
Tallahassee Patch until 2012
Common nameTallahassee Police
AbbreviationTPD
Agency overview
Formed1826
Employees422 sworn personnel
Annual budget$55,951,737
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionTallahassee, Florida, USA
Size103.5 square miles (268 km2)
PopulationApprox. 188,107 residents + visitors
Legal jurisdictionCity of Tallahassee, Florida
General nature
Headquarters234 E 7th Ave, Tallahassee, FL 32303

Agency executive
Parent agencyTallahassee, Florida
Facilities
Citiess1
Website
Official Site

HistoryEdit

The city's police force began operation in 1826, shortly after the city was incorporated, with a single City Marshal constituting the police force. From time to time, special police were hired as circumstances warranted. A compulsory Night Watch was also instituted for a period of time before the Civil War.

The Tallahassee Police Department once claimed to be the oldest continuously-operated police department in the American South, and the possibly the second-oldest in the U.S., preceded only by the Philadelphia Police Department established in 1758. The Boston Police Department was established in 1838. Larger east coast cities followed with New York City and Baltimore in 1845. However, one must consider that Colonial America must certainly have had municipal police forces, but lack of verifiable records may make it difficult, if not impossible, to accurately rank police forces from oldest to newest. Furthermore, Southern public officials (including marshals), were suspended from public office by the occupying Federal troops during the post-Civil War Reconstruction period. Therefore, Tallahassee's police force ceased to operate for a brief period in mid-1865 until municipal officials were returned to power in 1866. To illustrate the difficulty in ranking municipal police forces from oldest to newest, Pensacola, Florida—for example—began its police force as early as 1822—predating Tallahassee's.

With Reconstruction and civil rights bestowed on black citizens, for several years during the 1870s, much of the Tallahassee City Council and the entire police force—including the City Marshal—were black. Also during this period, the only two blacks ever to serve as Leon County Sheriff until November 2016 occupied that post. But, the era of the black Southern public official was short lived and, with passage of Florida's 1885 Constitution (replacing the 1868 "carpetbagger" Constitution), black suffrage was effectively quashed. Control of public offices became white-only (until the 1964 Civil Rights Act).

In 1892, the position of City Marshal was renamed to Chief of Police. This appointee was typically nominated by the Mayor and ratified by the City Council. After the 1920 change from a strong mayor form of government to the Commission-Manager form of government, the City Commission appointed the Police Chief—until the late 1920s—when the Police Chief became an employee appointed directly by the City Manager without input from the City Commission.

DivisionsEdit

 
Tallahassee Police Department (1937)

Chief of PoliceEdit

  • Interim Police Chief Steven D. Outlow

Steven D. Outlaw has served this community as part of the Tallahassee Police Department for 32 years. In June 2019, just one month short of his planned retirement, he humbly agreed to delay his plans and serve as Interim Chief while a nationwide search is conducted to permanently fill the position.[2]

  • Police Chief Michael DeLeo

Michael DeLeo was appointed Chief of Police of the Tallahassee Police Department on December 30, 2013. Prior to his appointment, Chief DeLeo was the Deputy Chief of the Plantation Police Department where he began his career in 1994 as a patrol officer.[3] On July 5, 2019, Deleo resigned as the Tallahassee Police Chief.

TPD Internal AffairsEdit

The Internal Affairs Unit is responsible for ensuring the citizens of Tallahassee can trust the police department. They conduct compliance reviews and maintain the records for high-liability police actions, coordinate and assess secondary employment opportunities, and process, investigate, and maintain managerial oversight of any citizen complaints to ensure all police personnel comply with professional standards. The Internal Affairs Unit is responsible for: Internal Investigations (Formal Complaints), Contact Reports (Informal Complaints), Special Investigations (Firearm Discharges), Vehicle Pursuit Compliance Reviews, Use of Force Compliance Reviews, Employee Traffic Crash Compliance Reviews, Secondary Employment Coordination and Compliance Reviews [4]

Special OperationsEdit

The Special Operations Bureau includes sworn police officers and civilians. It is responsible for traffic related operations and other specialty operations. The units are Traffic Enforcement, Special Events Panning, Parking Enforcement, Downtown Officers, Child Passenger Seat Safety Seat Inspections, and Reserve units.[5]

Organizational Development BureauEdit

The Organizational Development Bureau includes Building and Fleet Unit, Training Unit and Communications.

  • Building & Fleet maintains 93,000 square feet of facilitis space, and the 485 vehicles that are used by the department.
  • Communications PSC (Public Safety Complex) operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year. It is the primary connection between the public and the Police and Fire Departments. The facilitys are equipped with an 800 MHz radio system, CAD (Computer Aided Dispatch) system to monitor office activity, Automatic Vehicle Locator (AVL/GPS) tracls the location of every policie cars. The Public Safety Communications Operators are required to process and prioritize incoming calls for law enforcement and fire service, as well as other duties.
  • Training is responsibole for providing up to date information on law enformence, including firearms, defensive tactics, use of force, emergency vehicle operations and all required/advanced general police topics. The Training section also hosts various courses with professional instructors from around the country.

Criminal Investigations BureauEdit

The Criminal Investigations Bureau is responsible for investigating crimes that occur in the City of Tallahassee. It consists of four specialized units: Property Crimes, Persons Crimes, Cold Cases/Crime Stoppers and Forensics.[6]

High Risk Offenders BureauEdit

The High Risk Offenders Bureau is composed of the Special Investigations Unit and the Violent Crimes Response Section.[7]

Crime Analysis UnitEdit

The Crime Analysis Unit employs civilian personnel. It includes an Executive Crime Analyst Supervisor and three Crime Intelligence Analysts. The unit was decentralized in 2016 and are embedded in the Operations (Patrol) Bureau, High Risk Offenders Bureau (HRO), and Criminal Investigations Bureau (CIB) [8]

Public Information OfficeEdit

The Public Information Office provides a connection between the citizens of Tallahassee and the Tallahassee Police Department. The office plays a primary role in maintaining the public trust. Members of the office serve as the official spokespersons for the department. They also coordinate responses with the media and civilian inquiries. The PIO encourages a partnership between the community and the police department with events like departmental tours, "Shop with A Cop", "Take Our Daughters and Sons to Work Day" and the "TPD and You Breakfast" with the Police Chief. This type of community involvement embodies the "Trust, Loyalty and Commitment" that are the fundamental foundations through which Chief Michael J. DeLeo leads the Tallahassee Police Department.[9]

Public resourcesEdit

Tallahassee Online Police Statistics (TOPS) - Launched on August 1, 2007, this web-based crime mapping application allows the public to examine over two dozen crime incident types for the previous six months. Searches include addresses, parks, neighborhoods and Tallahassee Police Crime Watch areas. On August 15, 2008, TOPS version 2.0 was launched, adding new features and a new interface. The site can be accessed via the Tallahassee municipal portal or the Tallahassee-Leon County GIS I-Maps website.[10][11]

ControversiesEdit

Drug sting resulting in death of Rachel HoffmanEdit

The Tallahassee Police Department was the subject of intense scrutiny after a botched buy-bust operation ended in a fatal tragedy on May 7, 2008 with the execution style murder of 23-year-old Rachel Hoffman. Hoffman, a recent graduate of Florida State University who had been convicted of drug charges, was serving in an undercover capacity, alone, when she was murdered by two suspected drug dealers while nearly twenty TPD officers and a DEA plane were supervising the operation. A Grand Jury investigation was highly critical of the planning and execution of the operation, and a subsequent TPD internal affairs investigation found negligence and multiple policy violations by the Vice squad and individual police officers involved. Following Hoffman's death, the Florida legislature enacted "Rachel's Law" and established minimum guidelines for law enforcement to use when engaging civilians in undercover operations. In a civil suit alleging wrongful death, the City of Tallahassee paid the Hoffman family $2.6 million in damages.[12]

Legal challengeEdit

In 2008 a Tallahassee resident, Robert Brayshaw, was arrested for violating a Florida statute which prohibited individuals from "maliciously, with intent to obstruct the due execution of the law or with the intent to intimidate, hinder or interrupt any law enforcement officer in the legal performance of his or her duties, publish or disseminate the residence address or telephone number of any law enforcement officer while designating the officer as such..." Brayshaw had posted, online, the name of a Tallahassee police officer, along with her home address, cell phone number and age, and had further criticized the officer, stating that she was verbally abusive, rude and unprofessional. Brayshaw brought an action in federal court, challenging the constitutionality of the Florida statute, claiming a right to free speech under the First Amendment. The case was heard in U.S. District Court. On April 30, 2010, Judge Richard Smoak ruled in favor of Brayshaw, striking down the 1972 Florida law, finding that the statute was "unconstitutional on its face". Smoak also ordered the city of Tallahassee to pay Brayshaw's legal expenses of $25,000.[13][14][15][16]

Investigation of alleged sexual assaultEdit

On April 16, 2014, The New York Times reported irregularities in the investigation of an alleged sexual assault involving Florida State University quarterback Jameis Winston. A medical examination of the unnamed female revealed injuries consistent with sexual contact—bruises, semen—and the woman would later identify Jameis Winston by name as her alleged attacker. Tallahassee police did not promptly obtain a DNA sample from Winston. When police contacted Winston by phone, he initially delayed responding. Then, on advice from his attorney, Winston declined to be interviewed. The initial TPD investigation did not uncover the fact that a video of the sexual encounter had been taken by Seminoles teammate Chris Casher. The video was later deleted or lost by Casher.[17]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ City of Tallahassee Police Department November 2, 2018
  2. ^ "Chief of Police". Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  3. ^ "TPD Chief Of Police". Chief of Police. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  4. ^ "TPD Internal Affairs". Internal Affairs. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  5. ^ "TPD Special Operations". TPD Special Ops. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  6. ^ "Investigations". TPD Investigations. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  7. ^ "TPD High Risk Offenders Bureau". Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  8. ^ "TPD Crime Analysis Unit". TPD Crime Analysis Unit. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  9. ^ "TPD Public Information Office". TPD Public Information Office. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Police | Police Department". Talgov.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  11. ^ "Tallahassee-Leon County GIS". Tlcgis.org. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  12. ^ Pawns in the War on Drugs : The New Yorker
  13. ^ Federal Court Strikes Down Florida Statute That Criminalized Free Speech When Criticizing Police Officers, May 3, 2010
  14. ^ ACLU Issues Federal Judge Order With Officer's Personal Information Published By Judge That Resulted In False Arrest
  15. ^ Randall C. Marshall, Legal Director Of The ACLU Publishes Article Of Unconstitutional Law And False Arrest, July 5, 2010
  16. ^ Is Tallahassee Police Department Violating City Watchdog's Free Speech?, October 16, 2012 Archived October 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Bogdanich, Walt (April 16, 2014). "A Star Player Accused, And A Flawed Rape Investigation". New York Times.