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Aztecs has been listed as one of the Social sciences and society good articles under the good article criteria. If you can improve it further, please do so. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it.
Article milestones
July 26, 2006Peer reviewReviewed
February 23, 2007Good article nomineeListed
April 17, 2008Good article reassessmentDelisted
April 20, 2018Good article nomineeListed
Current status: Good article

Talk archivesEdit

Some of the older entries in Talk:Aztecs have been moved to archival subpages. The organization of these archival subpages is both chronological AND topical. This means that entries are extracted from this page and moved to an appropriate subpage according to topic AND to an appropriate subpage according to year.

Some entries have been copied to Wikipedia:WikiProject Aztec/Terminology.

It is suggested that all current discussion be restricted to this page. Please do not conduct discussion on an archival subpage as many people will watch only this page (Talk:Aztecs) for new entries.

From time to time, editors may choose to move old entries from this page to an archival subpage at their discretion. It is suggested that you let entries age here for at least a month or more before moving them to the archival subpage.

If you are a new editor of the Aztecs article, please review this Talk page and any relevant subpages before making edits.

In particular, you may find the Wikipedia:WikiProject Aztec/Terminology page useful as it covers a number of issues of usage such as capitalization, spelling, pronunciation, etc.

references format check (testing script)Edit

  • Inconsistent use of Location (36 with; 6 without):
    Bright, W. (1990); Burkhart, Louise M. (1997); Hirth, Kenneth G. (2016) [oh it's CUP]; Matos Moctezuma, Eduardo (1987); Matthew, Laura E; Oudijk, Michel R. (2007) [city name isn't in uni name so needs location]; Smith, Michael E. (2008).
  • Bright, W. (1990). Missing Publisher; Missing ISBN;
  • Burkhart, Louise M. (1997). Missing Publisher; Missing ISBN;
  • Hirth, Kenneth G. (2016). Missing ISBN;
  • Matos Moctezuma, Eduardo (1987). Missing ISBN;
  • Matthew, Laura E; Oudijk, Michel R. (2007). Missing ISBN;
  • Smith, Michael E. (2008). Missing ISBN; Lingzhi ♦ (talk) 14:27, 12 February 2018 (UTC)

source review tipsEdit

To check as many errors as possible in the references and/or notes, I recommend using User:Lingzhi/reviewsourcecheck in conjunction with two other scripts. You can install them as follows:

  • First, copy/paste importScript('User:Ucucha/HarvErrors.js'); to Special:MyPage/common.js .
  • On the same page and below that script add importScript('User:Lingzhi/reviewsourcecheck.js');. Save that page.
  • Finally go to to Special:MyPage/common.css and add .citation-comment {display: inline !important;} /* show all Citation Style 1 error messages */.

When you've added all those, go to an article to check for various messages in its notes and references. (You may need to clear your browser's cache first). The output of User:Lingzhi/reviewsourcecheck is not foolproof and can be verbose. Use common sense when interpreting output (especially with respect to sorting errors). Reading the explanatory page will help more than a little. The least urgent message of all is probably Missing archive link; archiving weblinks is good practice but lack of archiving will probably not be mentioned in any content review. Lingzhi ♦ (talk) 03:45, 16 February 2018 (UTC)

5-8 million people is a ridiculous figure ...Edit

As usual the population of pre-European invasion North and South America is wildly exaggerated. I sometimes wonder if most people realize just how many people this is - or the "100 million in N.A." etc., etc. There is no way such a population could even begin to have been fed by agriculture techniques of the time. The dearth of the Aztec people is a tragic, maddening event that saddens any thinking human being, but the scale of it should be realistically reflected. There are a lot of nationalist, revisionist 'historians' out there re-writing history to their own socio-political viewpoints. Let's use rational scientific RS's for this and other articles on this portion of native American history. The percentage of the population that died should be tragic enough - over-inflated numbers are just attempts to further tug at the heartstrings. The death of hundreds of thousands is no less awful than that of millions. (talk) 08:33, 17 February 2018 (UTC)

I will revise that using the recent Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs which has a chapter on demography. I do find your attempt to label unnamed historians as "nationalists" because your personal opinion doesn't fit theirs to be a poor form of argument.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 17:00, 17 February 2018 (UTC)

Article titleEdit

Is there some reason why this article isn't titled "Aztec culture" or "Aztec civilization"? Just having the title "Aztec" doesn't seem to be comply with the precision criterion for Wikipedia article titles: "Precision – The title unambiguously identifies the article's subject and distinguishes it from other subjects." Rreagan007 (talk) 04:10, 18 April 2018 (UTC)

GAN in progress: I have no opinion on the matter (all the alternative titles work fine as search terms and will naturally lead to this article), but no move must be made until the current GAN process has completed. Thanks. Chiswick Chap (talk) 04:49, 18 April 2018 (UTC)
Aztec civilization is not a phrasing that is commonly found in the literature, which tends to see the Aztecs as one ethnic and cultural tradition within the broader Mesoamerican civilization. That is basically the reason we don't have that title. Aztec culture lends itself to be narrowly interpreted to mean something like "the art and religion of the Aztecs", but the scope is broader, including the history, social organization etc. The typical title of books on this topic is simple "The Aztecs", which could probably be a reasonable title.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 07:04, 18 April 2018 (UTC)
"Aztec" also seems to be an adjective and not a noun, and article titles are supposed to be nouns. "The Aztecs" would be problematic as an article title, as using "The" to start a title is generally avoided ("Americas" rather than "The Americas"). It also implies that the article is about the people themselves rather than the culture or civilization. Rreagan007 (talk) 15:35, 18 April 2018 (UTC)
No. "He is an Aztec" and "the Aztecs" both make it a noun, so it can be either noun or adjective. Chiswick Chap (talk) 15:39, 18 April 2018 (UTC)
Actually, in "He is an Aztec", "Aztec" is a predicate adjective. I agree that "Aztecs" would be a noun, but without the "s" it's an adjective. Rreagan007 (talk) 15:41, 18 April 2018 (UTC)
Of course Aztec is a noun both in the singular and in the plural. But I would not be opposed to naming the article Aztecs, or Aztec culture - or perhaps even Aztec civilization (but that would take some evidence of specialist sources using it).·maunus · snunɐɯ· 15:48, 18 April 2018 (UTC)
"Aztec civilization" would be my preference as it would conform better to WP:Article titles "Naturalness – The title is one that readers are likely to look or search for and that editors would naturally use to link to the article from other articles. Such a title usually conveys what the subject is actually called in English." and "Precision – The title unambiguously identifies the article's subject and distinguishes it from other subjects." Rreagan007 (talk) 15:54, 18 April 2018 (UTC)
Yeah, all that doesn't matter if it is noyt the way sources refer to it. Also it is decidedly less precise to call it Aztec civilization, because we are talking about a culture that flourished fairly locally in a fairly short period and which was merely one culture among others in the larger civilizational complex of Mesoamerica. But I found some uses of the phrase in serious sources - though most uses are clearly from non-specialist sources. ·maunus · snunɐɯ· 16:24, 18 April 2018 (UTC)
As WP:Article Titles states: "There is often more than one appropriate title for an article. In that case, editors choose the best title." The best title is usually going to be the one that helps the reader the most in quickly identifying the article they are looking for and knowing that they have found the correct article. After doing a quick Google books search, "The Aztecs" does seem to be more prevalent than "Aztec civilization", but "Aztec Civilization" seems to be used quite often in publications. Rreagan007 (talk) 16:38, 18 April 2018 (UTC)

There have been similar discussions such as Viking vs Vikings. For what it's worth, Encyclopedia Brittanica also uses the singular form, Aztec. Laszlo Panaflex (talk) 16:46, 18 April 2018 (UTC)

The plural form seems like more natural to use as an article title to me. Americans rather than "American". Rreagan007 (talk) 17:24, 18 April 2018 (UTC)
See below on Americans. Johnbod (talk) 15:38, 19 April 2018 (UTC)
Google results
Term Hits
Aztec 2119.5 million
Aztecs 7 million
The Aztecs 2.7 million

Chiswick Chap (talk) 18:00, 18 April 2018 (UTC)

Are you filtering out results of "Aztec" as an adjective as in "Aztec culture" or "Aztec people" or "Aztec civilization"? If not, then you're picking up a lot of false positives for "Aztec". Rreagan007 (talk) 18:06, 18 April 2018 (UTC)
Worth checking. I've looked at those terms and adjusted accordingly. Chiswick Chap (talk) 18:17, 18 April 2018 (UTC)
  • All in all, the discussion above illustrates why the title is what it is, and where it should probably remain. Johnbod (talk) 18:13, 18 April 2018 (UTC)
  • I am joining this discussion late, but I have published in the field and would like to join this exchange. I am in favor of use "The Aztecs" as the article title. A classic work in the field is Charles Gibson's The Aztecs Under Spanish Rule (Stanford UP 1964). A recent reference work, The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs, (Oxford U Press 2017) likewise uses that phrase. IMHO "Aztec" is an adjective, modifying a noun, "Aztec culture," "Aztec warfare," "Aztec commerce," etc. "The Aztecs" is succinct and clear.Amuseclio (talk) 00:36, 19 April 2018 (UTC)Amuseclio
There is a strong convention, described at Wikipedia:Naming conventions (definite or indefinite article at beginning of name) against beginning articles with "the", for various reasons, including searching and indexing. All sorts of subjects where any monograph would naturally have a title beginning with "the" don't have it in the WP title - Sistine Chapel for example. Johnbod (talk) 10:27, 19 April 2018 (UTC)
Yes, I agree that "The Aztecs" is not really an option, but simply "Aztecs" may do well, and perhaps preferable to the current title that it sort of not sure whether it wants to be a noun or an adjective.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 10:48, 19 April 2018 (UTC)
By another convention, such titles are normally reserved for articles on "peoples", like Americans, Germans etc, often redirecting to "Foo people(s)". We don't have Aztec people (redirects here), unlike say Maya peoples, for reasons you will understand. And the article has relatively little on an ethnological approach. Johnbod (talk) 15:35, 19 April 2018 (UTC)
We have Nahua people for the contemporary ethnic group. Aztec is more of what archeologists would call a "cultural horizon" in late postclassic central Mexico. Some current scholars use Aztec for pre-contact Nahuatl speakers and Nahua people for colonial and postcolonial Nahuatl speakers. It is a very complicated terminology unfortunately, and there is no standard solution to the problem in the literature.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 17:21, 19 April 2018 (UTC)
I note the article lead has the stutter start "The Aztecs." I am in favor of renaming the article "Aztecs," since "The Aztecs" is outside of Wikipedia article naming conventions. "Aztecs" has the great virtue of having high name-recognition for the general reader in a way that "Nahuas" does not. James Lockhart could title his major monograph The Nahuas after the Conquest thirty years after Charles Gibson's pioneering and classic The Aztecs under Spanish Rule because a great number ethnohistorians helped make "Nahuas" have name recognition at least among scholars. "Aztecs" has continuing recognition and staying power for the general reader. Amuseclio (talk) 04:53, 20 April 2018 (UTC)Amuseclio

Requested move 21 April 2018Edit

The following is a closed discussion of a requested move. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section on the talk page. Editors desiring to contest the closing decision should consider a move review. No further edits should be made to this section.

The result of the move request was: moved. See enough support in this debate to rename with a following "s". Although both forms are plural, "Aztecs" may be more precise since it cannot also work as an adjective, as can "Aztec". Editors have made a good choice here. Have a Great Day and Happy Publishing! (closed by page mover)  Paine Ellsworth  put'r there  20:54, 6 May 2018 (UTC)

AztecAztecs – For the reasons stated in the talk page discussion, including conformity with other article titles such as Vikings or Germans, and to make it clearly a noun and not an adjective. Rreagan007 (talk) 02:13, 21 April 2018 (UTC)--Relisting. Dekimasuよ! 04:05, 28 April 2018 (UTC)

  • Note There are two whole archives devoted to this issue Talk:Aztecs/Terminology-1 and Talk:Aztecs/Terminology-2, as well as other sections in earlier archives, and Wikipedia:WikiProject Aztec/Terminology. Please look at these before commenting. Johnbod (talk) 03:46, 21 April 2018 (UTC)
  • Oppose best kept as it is, as explained above. Vikings, Germans and Americans are "peoples" articles, which this is not, and by convention "Foos" articles are reserved for ethnology. "Aztec" is not ideal, but there is no better alternative. In the past Aztec Empire (now its own article) has usually been the favourite alternative - see the very extensive discussions in the archives. Btw, History of the Aztecs seems redundant, given the considerably longer coverage of the history in Aztec Empire. Johnbod (talk) 03:46, 21 April 2018 (UTC)
  • Support I think either is fine, per my second and third rule of thumb.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 07:35, 21 April 2018 (UTC)
  • Pro. I realize that readers will be redirected to "Aztec" if they are searching for "The Aztecs," but why not make this relatively minor change? I would not go to the barricades over the matter, but "Aztecs" is unambiguously a noun, the way "Aztec" is not. And "Aztecs" has high recognition for the general reader. Amuseclio (talk) 02:41, 22 April 2018 (UTC)Amuseclio
  • Addendum to my Pro statement. The WP article on Nahua peoples is in fact titled Nahuas, not "Nahua," so the proposed change to Aztecs is logical and consistent. Amuseclio (talk) 01:36, 24 April 2018 (UTC)Amuseclio
Exactly! Nahuas is a "peoples" article, in fact covering the Aztecs. But this is not a people/ethnology article. If it is moved to anything, it should probably be Aztec culture, which better fits the material here, leaving Aztec Empire, not to mention History of the Aztecs, with the politics. Johnbod (talk) 01:41, 24 April 2018 (UTC)
"Aztec culture" seems too narrow, as it's also not just a culture article. I would support moving the article to "Aztec civilization" (which already redirects here). It would match similar articles like Maya civilization. Regardless, they're all better alternatives than the current title. Rreagan007 (talk) 04:07, 24 April 2018 (UTC)
All these arguments about matching existing naming patterns are irrelevant unless the suggestions are supported by sources. As Amuseclio notes almost all works about Aztec culture, society and history are titled "The Aztecs". None of them are titled "Aztec civilization" - because the Aztecs do not fit the standard ideas of what is a civilization, a word that implies a much deeper cultural tradition. If anything the Aztecs were simply the last stage in a millenial Western Mesoamerican civilization that started with Tlatilco and Tlapacoya and eached its maturity with Teotihuacan. In archeology and prehistory "a culture" refers to a shorter and more localized tradition than a civilization, which is why that would be a better description than "civilization" - but again that is not what the sources do. The article should of course include both the "culture" (in the narrow sense) and the politics and the history- just as the sources do.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 08:06, 24 April 2018 (UTC)
There are sources that refer to "Aztec Civilization". Rreagan007 (talk) 16:11, 24 April 2018 (UTC)
Not any sources that have weight.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 16:16, 24 April 2018 (UTC)
  • Comment. The relevant guideline is WP:ETHNICGROUP which encourages plural demonyms. In this case, either "Aztecs" or "Aztec" are acceptable plurals. The article just needs to be consistent.--Cúchullain t/c 18:39, 24 April 2018 (UTC)
Except that Aztecs are not exactly an ethnic group.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 19:26, 24 April 2018 (UTC)
I think that's a semantic distinction. They were certainly a "group of people" and that's covered by the guideline.--Cúchullain t/c 15:35, 25 April 2018 (UTC)
It is not a semantic distinction, it is an empirical distinctin that people have written books about.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 16:18, 26 April 2018 (UTC)
Thanks for that link! So "Aztec" is a "Mass noun demonym" and ok, which I hope will allay the grammatical concerns some have. Who knew! The examples the policy gives include "Navaho" and "British Chinese". Johnbod (talk) 16:10, 25 April 2018 (UTC)
  • Support. Absolutely no reason not to have this in the plural as with every other people. -- Necrothesp (talk) 14:04, 26 April 2018 (UTC)
Except for all the ones that aren't, like "Navaho" and "British Chinese", and this not being a "people" article. Johnbod (talk) 14:30, 26 April 2018 (UTC)
Navajo and Chinese are used in the plural as well as singular (I'm not aware of any use of Chineses, and while Navajos is used, it's almost certainly minority usage), so that's pretty irrelevant. And yes, it is basically a people article. The Aztecs are generally looked upon by all except the most pedantic as a people. -- Necrothesp (talk) 14:35, 26 April 2018 (UTC)
Well, that's put ·maunus in his place - see above! Johnbod (talk) 15:10, 26 April 2018 (UTC)
It's merely a case of WP:COMMONNAME. -- Necrothesp (talk) 15:23, 26 April 2018 (UTC)
Well, oddly most people who are experts enough to write books about the aztecs are pedantic enough to note that Aztecs are not "a people", but a label covering a set of culturally and linguistically related peoples with separate ethnic identities and separate political organizations. But yes, why should a Wikipedias article names pay attention to the experts who write the literature on which we base our articles.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 16:17, 26 April 2018 (UTC)
I don't like the idea that a named, productive Wikipedian is "put in his place" in a talk discussion, especially since he has expertise in the field. This is not what we should be about. Please, let's do better! Amuseclio (talk) 17:37, 26 April 2018 (UTC)Amuseclio
The first sentence of the article reads, "The Aztecs (/ˈæztɛk/) were a Mesoamerican people who spoke the Nahuatl language and flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521, when the Spanish conquered central Mexico." If the Aztecs are not a people, as Maunus states, why does the article read as it does? Can't have it both ways. FreeKnowledgeCreator (talk) 00:38, 27 April 2018 (UTC)
Maybe it shouldn't - but one expects a "people" to last longer than c. 221 years anyway. Johnbod (talk) 01:36, 27 April 2018 (UTC)
It didn't say that when the article was passed as GA last week, and not it shouldn't because it is inaccurate. There were Aztecs who were not Nahuatl speakers, and the groups that shared in Aztec culture had no single ethnic affiliation. All works note that "Aztec" is a problematic term because it is used variously to refer to the Mexica, to the triple alliance, and to Nahua peoples, and to Central Mexican culture in the late postclassic. The definition has to be vague enough to include all of those usages.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 06:54, 27 April 2018 (UTC)
I can't see anyone being "put in their place". But the fact remains that article naming is always about most commonly recognised names, not about names that may be used by "experts" (although it's clear from the literature that many experts do use the term in the plural) but by few others. That is a long-accepted policy on Wikipedia. Alternative names and academic usages can be explained within the article. -- Necrothesp (talk) 09:50, 27 April 2018 (UTC)
So, presumably all those academics who have written books and articles with "Aztecs" in the title and used the term "Aztecs" within don't know what they're talking about then? Okay then, as long as that's settled... I would also note that there are 73 instances of the word "Aztecs" even within this article. You simply cannot get away from the fact that this is their common name and that's how we always title our articles. I see no reason to make an exception here. -- Necrothesp (talk) 09:37, 27 April 2018 (UTC)
I am not arguing against the move to Aztecs. I am arguing that you guys' rationales are invalid and unhelpful attempts to enforce a misguided consistency based on not understanding the topic or having read the literature. Yes, it could be moved to Aztecs which is another perfectly fine title just as the current oneis - but that is not because it is a "peoples article" (because it is not), it is because it is the common usage in the sources. ·maunus · snunɐɯ· 09:50, 27 April 2018 (UTC)
I don't think it's unreasonable to argue that most would regard the Aztecs as a people and that the article should be titled accordingly. But since we seem to agree on the title I don't think the rationale makes much difference. -- Necrothesp (talk) 09:55, 27 April 2018 (UTC)
What you think is reasonable or unreasonable does not become a valid argument untill it is based on knowledge of the relevant literature. And yes, it makes a fairly significant difference, when you are the person who is actually writing the article, whether a group of people suddenly show up out of the blue and start to redefine its scope and topic in ways that do not reflect the literature.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 09:57, 27 April 2018 (UTC)
  • Oppose Aztec works; singularly, as a plural and culturally; it's fine as is...Modernist (talk) 01:44, 27 April 2018 (UTC)
  • Neutral. As I said above I am not going to the barricades for the name change. I am changing my position from Pro to Neutral. I've added some items to the Bibliography that point to usages of Aztec. Offner's book has "Aztec Texcoco" in the title. Lopez Austin's article in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Culture is entitled "Aztec." I am now going to focus on other WP issues. Amuseclio (talk) 20:38, 27 April 2018 (UTC)Amuseclio
  • Support I dont see a reason for Aztec to be singular when other peoples and groups are plural. Nobody says "The Aztec" except if referring like the SDSU newspaper or something. Wikiman5676 (talk) 20:20, 5 May 2018 (UTC)

The above discussion is preserved as an archive of a requested move. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section on this talk page or in a move review. No further edits should be made to this section.

Merge History of the Aztecs with Aztec or Aztec Empire?Edit

Please discuss this proposal at Talk:History_of_the_Aztecs#Merge_article_with_Aztec_or_Aztec_Empire? Johnbod (talk) 19:01, 28 April 2018 (UTC)

Carlos de Siguenza y GongoraEdit

There should be an article on Carlos de Siguenza y Gongora. 2601:586:C701:4135:6C6C:AB19:F8D3:B825 (talk) 04:43, 8 July 2018 (UTC)

Penitential palace in the Templo Mayor?Edit

"The center of Tenochtitlan was the sacred precinct, a walled-off square area which housed the Great Temple, temples for other deities, the ballcourt, the calmecac (a school for nobles), a skull rack tzompantli, displaying the skulls of sacrificial victims, houses of the warrior orders, a penitential palace of the tlatoani and a merchants palace. Around the sacred precinct were the royal palaces built by the tlatoanis"

Anybody knows what is meant by "penitential palace"? Mimihitam (talk) 18:25, 9 November 2018 (UTC)

@Mimihitam: it should be a bad reference to Sahagún or Durán's description of the Coateocalli/Coacalco (see Emily Umberger, Jeb J. Card and Benítez, then Gran Diccionario Náhuatl for the exact quote, and Miguel León-Portilla for the explanation, p.182-183). It's the temple 15 on the image below. El Comandante (talk) 03:20, 26 November 2018 (UTC)

King AhuitzotlEdit

In the paragraph about king Ahuitzotl there is a campaign date of 1521. He was already dead then, so it should be removed. Szkokt (talk) 08:34, 12 April 2020 (UTC)


"The Nahuatl words (aztecatl [asˈtekat͡ɬ], singular)[9] and (aztecah [asˈtekaʔ], plural)[9] mean "people from Aztlan,"[10] a mythical place of origin for several ethnic groups in central Mexico. "

Why are there parentheses around the words "aztecatl" and "aztecah" ? - (talk)


This article was semi-protected due to vandalism in 2011. Is that still necessary? - (talk) 14:02, 21 September 2020 (UTC)


There is a part of this section that is erroneously cited and therefore is inaccurate.

"While the Aztecs did have gender roles associated with “men” and “women” it should also be noted that they did not live in a two-gendered society. In fact, there were multiple “third gender” identities that existed throughout their society and came with their own gender roles. The term “third gender” isn’t the most precise term that can be used. Rather, their native Nahuatl words such as patlache and cuiloni are more accurate since “third gender” is more of a Western concept. The names for these gender identities are deeply connected to the religious customs of the Aztecs, and as such, did play a large role in Aztec society."

First off, it is asserted as true that the Aztec had a "third gender" and that this alleged gender even had tasks specific to their identity yet without specifying what such tasks may have been or how they'd be descriptively distinct from either male or female gender roles. But there's an even worse problem here...

The above passage cites Peter Sigal (2005) as its sole source material for such a broad claim, which, I might add, is already problematic. However, here's the real issue, the person who cited the source did not even cite accurately. Here's a direct quote I extracted from the noted source:

“The conclusion must be that the woman is actually a cross-dressing male. Whether this male was viewed as a woman, a man, a berdache, or a third gender we cannot know (Sigal 2005, 588).”

There's two problems here. The first is that the description of the alleged "third gender appears more like an amalgam of male and female, even being described as mere "cross dresser", which would not signal a third gender. Secondly, the cited source does not even make the grand claim for which they are being cited. I find this erroneous claim to be yet another example of people attempting to baptize, or really Westernize/Northernize, the Aztec as being somehow post-structuralist/critical theorists. It's rather disgusting, really. Please stop it. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 17:40, 13 December 2020 (UTC)

UPDATE: I just finished the cited article, and its relevance to the noted erroneous citations gets even worse. First off, I am under the impression that the person that cited the article did NOT read it, at least not in its entirety. The article in question begins making bold statements about mistaken past readings of Pre-conquest Aztec thought on themes such as homosexuality, intersexuality, and gender identity. However, Sigal, the author of the noted paper, concludes with nothing but speculation and questions, never once providing anything of substance on the matters he sets out to address. The paper underscores pretty much that the Pre-conquest Aztec held similar views to the European conquerors. However, Sigal merely speculates how this could not be the case based on what is merely a hypothesis (conjecture, really) of collective acquiescence. This hypothesis is weak in light of what much historical and anthropological analysis has gleaned about the Aztec's stubborn adherence to gender equality for much of Post-conquest. And, to be sure, Sigal admits that we cannot be sure about the status of so-called "third gender".

Family and genderEdit

What is WITH all the comma splices? — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2607:FEA8:BD20:1B9A:5AC:DE18:F19B:A926 (talk) 21:36, 13 January 2021 (UTC)

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