|• Body||Thaliparamba municipality|
|• Total||43.05 km2 (16.62 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Taliparamba (Perinchellur) is a part of Kannur district in the state of Kerala, India. Thali means a temple built by Namboothiri. The name Taliparamba comes from place of many Thali temples.
- 1 Administration
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Constituent Villages
- 5 Educational organizations
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Political scenario
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Tourism
- 10 Town of Temples
- 11 Karimbam farm
- 12 Location
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Taliparamba is a group of 47 villages spread over an area of 1330.56 km² (513.73 sq mi). Taliparamba stretching from the coastal areas of Ramanthali to Nuzhiyadu and Vazhathoor village and Karnataka border. The old name of Taliparamba was 'Lakshmipuram' which means the place of prosperity.
- 1955 Thaliparamba Panchayat was formed, with first Panchayat President as Balakrishna Menon.
- 1975 The Pattuvam region was separated from Thaliparamba panchayath.
- 1990 Thaliparamba Municipality was formed by joining Andur Panchayat and Thaliparamba Panchayat.
- 2015 Andur region separated from Thaliparamba Municipality.
Taliparamba originated as the Perinchalloor Brahmin settlement. The name Thaliparamba is derived from "Thali" (plate) and "Parambu" (area), and derived from the legend of Rajarajeshwara Temple. The Ikshvaku King Maandhatha offered great penance to Shiva who gifted him with a Shiva Linga and instructed him to place it at a site where there had never been a cremation ground. He found a space the size of a plate in Perinchelloor, and hence the name Thaliparamba became attached to the area. Of the 2,000 Brahman families who settled here, only 45 remain today. Many were forced to flee after the onslaught of the Islamist army of Tipu Sultan in the last 18th century.
Taliparamba is located at  It has an average elevation of 56 metres (183 feet). The surrounding area (including the villages of Pattuvam, Pariyaram, Kuttiyeri, Karimbam, Koonam) features lush green fields and low rolling hills. The rivers of Kuppam and Valapattanam surround the town from all sides and the Arabian sea is only 14 kilometres to the west..
Taliparamba is the second largest Taluk in Kerala. Taliparamba is a municipality, with an area of 43.08 km2. It is divided into 44 wards. The headquarters of Taliparamba Taluk are located in Taliparamba. There are 27 villages in the Taluk. They are spread from the coast to the hills.
Taliparamba Taluk has 27 villages
- Alakode, Andhur, Chelery and Chengalayi and Chuzhali
- Kuttiyeri, Malappattam, Maniyoor, Mayyil and Morazha
- Naduvil, Nidiyanga, Panniyoor, Pariyaram and Pattuvam
- Payyavoor, Sreekandapuram, Thaliparambu,Udayagiri and Velladu
- Eruveshi, Irikkur, Kayaralam, Kolacheri, Kooveri, Kurumathur and Kuttiyattoor
In the 14th and 15th centuries, during the regime of the Kolathiri Rajas, Taliparamba was renowned in Kerala as a seat of learning, enlightenment and culture. Today, the most prominent educational institutions are
- Pariyaram Medical College
- Government College of Engineering, Kannur
- National Institute of Fashion Technology
- Sir Syed College (Taliparamba)
- Tagore Vidyaniketan, Taliparamba
- St. Paul's High School, Taliparamba
- Seethi Sahib Higher Secondary School,Manna
- Yatheem Khana UP School,manna
- Mappila UP School,Madrasa Junction
- Akkiparamba UP School,chiravkk
- Moothedath Higher Secondary School,Taliparamab
- shyam prasad School,taliparamba
- Sir Syed Higher Secondary School,Karimbam
As of the 2001 Indian Census, Taliparamba had a population of 67,441. 32,511 people (48%) were males and 34,930 people (52%) were females. Taliparamba has an average literacy rate of 90%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy is 95.54%, and female literacy is 84.52%. In Taliparamba, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. The density is 1398 persons/km2. Muslims, Hindus and Christians form the core population.
The political field of Taliparamba is dominated by Communist Party of India (Marxist). In the Kerala Legislative Assembly election held in 2016, James Mathew of CPIM won in a margin of 41,000 votes. Other political parties like BJP, Muslim League and Congress also have marginal influence in the town.
The national highway passes through Taliparamba highway junction . Mangalore, Goa and Mumbai can be accessed on the northern side and Cochin and Thiruvananthapuram can be accessed on the southern side. The road to the east(state Highway) of Iritty connects to Mysore and Bangalore. The nearest railway station is Kannur on Mangalore-Palakkad line. Trains are available to almost all parts of India subject to advance booking over the internet. There are airports at Kannur, (about 27 km from taliparamba )Mangalore and Calicut. All of them are international airports but direct flights are available only to Middle Eastern countries.
Taliparamba is home to a number of temples, churches and mosques. Temples include the Rajarajeshwara Temple, Trichambaram Temple and Parassinikkadavu Temple. Taliparamba Juma Masjid and St. Mary's Church are other prominent religious centres in the town. The bridges at Kuttiyeri and Kooveri, Vellikkeel Eco Tourism Park and the riverside temple at Parassinikkadavu, attract a large number of tourists. Paithal Mala, Chathamangalam (Kannur) and Palakkayam thattu (Kannur) are beautiful hill stations.
Raja Rajeshwara TempleEdit
Raja Rajeshwara Temple is one of the existing ancient 108 Shiva temples in Kerala. The temple is located about one kilometer away from Chiravaku (NH 17) near Taliparamba town. Apart from Kerala, the temple is famous among devotees even from the neighboring states such as Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
The Taliparamba temple also was subject to attack by Tipu Sultan. One finds relics of the old gigantic gopuram at the entrance, which was demolished by Tipu's army. The story goes that when the temple was under siege, the head priest was inside the sanctum sanctorum and prayed ceaselessly day and night. It is further said that a black snake bit the commander of the army and a hooded serpent appeared before every soldier thus immobilizing the army and saving the temple from total destruction. But Tipu's invasion caused many old Nambudiri families to flee for safety and settle in the erstwhile Travancore State.(http://www.hindubooks.org/dynamic/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=176&page=10)
The Trichambaram Sri Krishna temple is located about 3 kilometers south of Taliparamba town. The famous 14-days Trichambaram festival is celebrated every year at this temple. The belief behind the festival is that Balarama comes from nearby Mazhoor temple to meet his brother Sri Krishna every year.
Kanjirangad Vaidyanatha Temple
Kanjirangad Vaidyanadtha Temple is the third important temple in Talipparamba. The deity is Siva. Along with Raja Rajeswara temple and Thrichambaram Temple are under the TTK devaswam .
Taliparamba Juma MasjidEdit
The Taliparamba Valiya Juma Masjidh inside the market is built in the style of a Hindu temple. This ancient structure is built in a majestic courtyard flanked by a pond.The main burial ground is situated near the masjid. The style of construction is on the basis of traditional vasthu elements, and interior is the real projection of royal as well as traditional concepts. The main mimber (a place used for Friday speech) is built of wood only and it includes minute structural works, which is very attractive, and the masjid includes a number of long wooden pillars, and functionally they are the main balancing element of the structure.
St. Mary’s Forane Pilgrim ChurchEdit
From the beginning of 1960s, Syrian Catholics from various places began to settle at Taliparamba for various purpose like education, employment and mercantile. At that time they went to Thrichabaran St Paul’s Church and Pushpagiri CMI Church for their religious purposes. On 25 December 1990, St Mary’s Parish took birth under the Tellicherry Archdiocese. Their dream came true when the foundation stone for the church laid on 15 August 2008. On 14 April 2012 the church was opened for the believers by the function presided by Rev: Mar George Valyamattam Metropolitan. On 17 March 2013 he declared the church as a Forane Church and a pilgrim centre.
The Catholic church at Pushpagiri hills is a very prominent Christian place of worship.
- Taliparamba Juma Masjid, Market Road
- Syed Nagar Mosque ,Syed Nagar
- Shadulipalli Market Road
- Yatheem Khana Masjid,Kundamkuzhi
Town of TemplesEdit
Taliparamba is known as a Town of Temples as many Hindu temples of international reputation are located here. The Trichambaram Temple is so reputed that many popular devotional songs in Malayalam language are based upon a visit to the temple. The Raja Rajeshwara Temple at Mukkola/Chiravakku is also equally famous.
The District Agricultural Farm at Karimbam is a major research organization of Taliparamba. This farm was originally started in 1905 by Sir Charles Alfred Barber at the behest of the Madras Government, based on the recommendation of the Famine Commission of 1880 of Government of India. Although the objective was to do research on pepper, the activities of the farm were further extended to agroclimatic experiments, hybridization and production and distribution of seeds and seedlings. Covering an area of 56 hectares, the farm has a rich biodiversity with a variety of indigenous and exotic fruit trees (such as Mangosteen, Rambutan, and Durian).
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Taliparamba
- "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2008.