Taliparamba (also known as Perinchelloor and Lakshmipuram) is a Municipality in Taliparamba taluk of Kannur district, Kerala, India. The municipal town spreads over an area of 18.96 square kilometres (7.32 sq mi) and is inhabited by 44,247 number of people.[4]

Taliparamba
Perinchelloor, Lakshmipuram
Kuppam River
Kuppam River
Taliparamba is located in Kerala
Taliparamba
Taliparamba
Location in Kerala
Coordinates: 12°02′12″N 75°21′36″E / 12.0368°N 75.3601°E / 12.0368; 75.3601Coordinates: 12°02′12″N 75°21′36″E / 12.0368°N 75.3601°E / 12.0368; 75.3601
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictKannur
Municipality Established1990
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • Municipal ChairpersonMurshida Kongayi
 • Deputy CollectorS. Ilakya IAS
 • Deputy Superintendent of PoliceMP Vinod [1]
 • MLAM. V. Govindan
Area
 • Total18.96 km2 (7.32 sq mi)
Elevation49 m (161 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total44,247
 • Density2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
670141
Telephone code0460
Vehicle registrationKL-59
Sex ratio1187 /
Literacy96%
TalukTaliparamba
Assembly constituencyTaliparamba
Lok Sabha constituencyKannur
ClimateTropical rainforest (Köppen:Af)[3]
Websitewww.taliparambamunicipality.in
Manna Junction
Taliparamba Market
Sir Syed College, Taliparamba
Kuppam Bridge
Syed Nagar Mosque
Kuttiyeri Hanging Bridge area

EtymologyEdit

The town's name may be derived from "Tali" (plate) and "Parambu" (area or ground), and from the legend of Rajarajeshwara Temple. According to this legend, the Ikshvaku King Maandhatha offered great penance to Shiva who in return gifted him with a Shiva Linga and instructed him to place it at a site where there had never been a cremation ground. He found a space the size of a plate in Perinchelloor, and hence the name Taliparamba became attached to the area. Lakshmipuram, a previous name for the city, means place of prosperity.

HistoryEdit

Taliparamba was one of the traditional establishments in ancient Kerala. It is located in erstwhile Kolathunadu, which was ruled over by the Mushika/Kolathiri/Chirakkal Royal Family. It was also once a part of the Mannanar dynasty.[5] As per tradition, Taliparamba originated as the Perinchalloor Brahmin settlement. Of the 2,000 Brahmin families who settled here, only 45 remain today, In 1955 the Taliparamba panchayat was formed, with Balakrishna Menon as its first president. In 1975 the Pattuvam region was separated from the panchayat. In 1990 Taliparamba Municipality was formed by merging Anthoor and Taliparamba panchayats and then bifurcated Anthoor region from Taliparamba to create separate Anthoor Municipality in 2015.

LocationEdit

Taliparamba is located about 22 kilometres (14 mi) north of the district headquarters of Kannur, and about 486 kilometres (302 mi) away from the state capital of Thiruvananthapuram, 287 kilometres (178 mi) north of Ernakulam, 110 kilometres (68 mi) north of Kozhikode, 132 kilometres (82 mi) south of Mangalore and 310 kilometres (190 mi) south west of Bangalore city.

AdministrationEdit

Taliparamba is the headquarters of Taliparamba taluk, one of the five taluks constituting the district and one of the revenue divisions in Kerala.[6]

Taliparamba Revenue DivisionEdit

Kannur district is divided into two revenue divisions, Taliparamba Revenue Division in the north and Thalassery Revenue Division in the south, respectively. Taliparamba revenue division has jurisdiction over taluks of Payyanur, Taliparamba and Kannur.[7]

Taliparamba Assembly constituency is part of the Kannur Lok Sabha constituency.[8]

Taliparamba MunicipalityEdit

Taliparamba Municipality is divided into 34 wards covering an area of 18.96 km2 (7.32 sq mi) for which the elections are held every five years. Taliparamba Municipality has total administration over 8,909 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorize to build roads within Municipality limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.[9]

GeographyEdit

Taliparamba is located at 12°03′N 75°21′E / 12.05°N 75.35°E / 12.05; 75.35.[10] It has an average elevation of 56 metres (184 ft) above sea level. The surrounding area (including the villages of Pattuvam, Pariyaram, Kuttiyeri, Karimbam, and Koonam) features lush green fields and low rolling hills. The Kuppam and Valapattanam rivers surround the town and the Arabian Sea is only 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) to the west of the city.

EducationEdit

In the 14th and 15th centuries, during the regime of the Kolathiri Rajas, Taliparamba was renowned in Kerala as a seat of learning, enlightenment, and culture. Today, the most prominent educational institutions include:

CollegesEdit

SchoolsEdit

DemographicsEdit

Religions in Taliparamba Municipality (2011)[14]
Religion Percent(%)
Hindu
60.17%
Muslim
35.15%
Christian
4.16%
Sikh
0.02%
Buddhist
0.02%
Jain
0.00%
Unclassified
0.03%
Not stated
0.45%

As of the 2011 census,[15] Taliparamba Municipality had population of 72,465 of which 33,779 are males while 38,685 are females with an area of 43.08 km2 (16.63 sq mi). In 2015, Anthoor region was carved from Taliparamba Municipality and formed a separate Anthoor Municipality. After bifurcation, Taliparamba Municipality had a population of 44,247 which consists of 20,838 males and 23,409 females with an area of 18.96 km2 (7.32 sq mi). The female sex ratio here is of 1187 against state average of 1084. The average population density is 2,334 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,050/sq mi).

Literacy rate of Taliparamba town is 96% higher than state average of 94.00%. In Taliparamba, male literacy is around 97.50% while female literacy rate is 93.06%.

Kinfra Textile ParkEdit

Kinfra Textile Park Taliparamba located in Nadukani near Taliparamba established in 2010 by Kinfra spread over 50.18 hectares is the hub of textile manufacturing activities in Kannur district. A textile dyeing and printing centre also is being facilitated in Nadukani Kinfra Apparel Park. [16][17]

PoliticsEdit

The political landscape of Taliparamba Assembly is dominated by the CPI(M). The current MLA of Taliparamba is M.V. Govindan, the present state secretary of CPI(M) who won by a margin of 22,689 votes in the 2021 Kerala Legislative Assembly election.[18]

Taliparamba municipality has strong presence of IUML, CPI(M) along with nominal presence of INC and BJP. Taliparamba municipality is currently ruled by UDF allied IUML.

Taliparamba Municipality Election 2020[19]Edit

S.No. Party Name Party symbol Number of Councillors
01 UDF   19
02 LDF   12
03 BJP   03

Law and orderEdit

The municipality comes under jurisdiction of Taliparamba police station which was formed on 30th May 1931. This police station comprises within 8 villages, i.e. Taliparamba, Pattuvam, Anthoor, Morazha, Kooveri, Kuttiyeri, Panniyoor and Kurumathur.[20]

Taliparamba is also a headquarters of Taliparamba sub division under Kannur rural police district which is formed on 01.08.1986. It is situated 400m east of NH 66. The sub division has jurisdiction control over five police stations viz. Taliparamba, Alakode, Kudianmala, Sreekandapuram and Payyavoor.[21]

Court Complexes in Taliparamba[22]Edit

  • Judicial First Class Majistrate Court, Taliparamba
  • Munsiff Court, Taliparamba
  • Motor Accident Claims Tribunal, Taliparamba

TransportationEdit

The National Highway (NH 66) passes through Taliparamba Town. Goa and Mumbai can be accessed on the northern side and Cochin and Thiruvananthapuram can be accessed on the southern side. National Highway 66 is given node for construction of 6 lane on different stretches of Kerala including Taliparamba-Muzhappilangad and Nileshwar-Taliparamba stretches. [23] SH 36 connects Taliparamba town with Sreekandapuram, Irikkur, Iritty and Mysore and Bangalore are accessible from Iritty towards east.[24]

Taliparamba has several private and KSRTC buses plying places inside and outside the Kannur district. Taliparamba is well-connected to its suburbs through several bus services. Taliparamba town has two bus terminals - Taliparamba Municipal Bus Stand on NH-66 road and Kakkathodu Bus Stand on SH-36 road.

The nearest railway stations are Kannapuram, Pazhayangadi and Kannur, which are situated 12 km (7.5 mi), 15 km (9.3 mi) and 21 km (13 mi) respectively away from the town, on the Shoranur-Mangalore Section under Southern Railway.

The nearest airport is at Kannur, 37 kilometres (23 mi) away. A road is being proposed to develop from Taliparamba to Kannur Airport which passes through Mayyil, Kololam, Chalode areas. Once it is materialised, distance from Kannur Airport to Payyanur, Kanhangad and other such places north of Taliparamba will be reduced and benefited.[25][26] Mangalore and Calicut are the other Airports nearby.

TourismEdit

Vismaya, an amusement water theme park situated nearby Taliparamba. The bridges at Kuttiyeri and Kooveri, Vellikkeel Eco-Tourism Park, and the riverside temple at Parassinikkadavu attract many tourists. Paithal Mala and Palakkayam thattu hill stations are the other popular tourist spots nearby.

GalleryEdit

ReligionsEdit

Taliparamba is home to a number of temples, churches, and mosques. Temples include the Rajarajeshwara Temple, Trichambaram Temple and Parassinikkadavu Temple. Taliparamba Juma Masjid and St. Mary's Church are other prominent religious centres in the town.

Rajarajeshwara TempleEdit

 
Rajarajeshwara Temple

Rajarajeshwara Temple is one of the 108 existing ancient Shiva Temples in Kerala. The temple is about 2 kilometres from Taliparamba town. Rajarajeswara Temple doesn't allow women to worship from inside the enclosure around the sanctum sanctorum during daytime.[27] The temple even draws visitors from the neighboring states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Karnataka former Chief Minister Yeddyurappa visited here many times.[28] [29] Tamil Nadu former Chief Minister Jayalalitha shared special relation with the temple.[30][31]

Trichambaram TempleEdit

 
Trichambaram temple

The Trichambaram Temple is about 3 kilometres south of Taliparamba. The famous two-week Trichambaram festival is celebrated every year at this temple. On the final day of the festival, the scene of Balarama bidding farewell to his brother Krishna is enacted.[32]

Kanjirangad Vaidyanatha TempleEdit

Kanjirangad Vaidyanadtha Temple is the third important temple in Taliparamba, dedicated to the worship of Shiva. The three temples are together overseen by the Malabar Devaswom Board.[33]

Taliparamba Juma masjidEdit

 
Juma masjid

The Taliparamba Valiya Juma masjid is inside the city's market. The city's main burial ground is near the masjid. The mosque's architecture features traditional Vasthu elements, while the interior demonstrates regal as well as traditional themes. The main hall, used mostly for Friday sermons, is built of wood and features large load-bearing pillars.

St. Mary’s Forane Pilgrim churchEdit

Since the early 1960’s, Syrian Catholics from Northern Travancore began to settle at Taliparamba for various purpose like education, employment and mercantile. Then Trichambaram St Paul’s Church and Pushpagiri CMI Church were there for their religious purposes. On Dec 25 1990, St Mary’s Parish took birth under the Archdiocese of Tellicherry and laid foundation stone on 2008 August 15. On April 14, 2012 the church was inaugurated and opened for the public under the presidency of former Bishop Mar George Valyamattam. On 2013 March 17, the church was decalred as a forane church and a pilgrimage centre.[34][35]

Pushpagiri churchEdit

The church at Pushpagiri hills is Catholic.

MosquesEdit

The city's mosques include Taliparamba Juma masjid, Syed Nagar mosque, Shadulipalli Market Road mosque, Yatheem Khana masjid, and Rifai Juma masjid.

Karimbam farmEdit

The District Agricultural Farm at Karimbam is a major research organization in Taliparamba. The farm was originally established in 1905 by Sir Charles Alfred Barber at the behest of the Madras Government, based on the recommendation of the Famine Commission of 1880 of the Government of India. Although the objective was to do research on pepper, the activities of the farm were further extended to agroclimatic experiments, hybridization and the production and distribution of seeds and seedlings. Covering an area of 56 hectares, the farm has a rich biodiversity with a variety of indigenous and exotic fruit trees, such as Mangosteen, Rambutan, and Durian.[36] Kerala government has proposed to develop Karimbam farm to be a tourist spot in the state.[37][38]

Notable PeopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Law and Order - Kannur Rural". keralapolice.gov.in.
  2. ^ "Taliparamba, Kannur, India on the Elevation Map. Topographic Map of Taliparamba, Kannur, India". elevationmap.net. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  3. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson B. L. & McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11 (5): 1633–1644. Bibcode:2007HESS...11.1633P. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. (direct: Final Revised Paper)
  4. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  5. ^ P.J Rajendran (2000). Kshethravinjanakosam. D.C.Books publishing, Google books. p. 103. ISBN 9788126402540.
  6. ^ "Taluks (5) | Kannur District , Government of kerala | India". kannur.nic.in. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Taliparamba now has a full fledged RDO". The Hindu.
  8. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2008.
  9. ^ "PMAY - Taliparamba Municipality".
  10. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Taliparamba, India". www.fallingrain.com. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  11. ^ "Higher Education Institutes in Kannur University".
  12. ^ officialwebsite of kerala.gov.in Archived 10 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "School list". www.dhsekerala.gov.in.
  14. ^ "Religion – Kerala, Districts and Sub-districts". Census of India 2011. Office of the Registrar General.
  15. ^ Kerala, Directorate of Census Operations. District Census Handbook, Kannur (PDF). Thiruvananthapuram: Directorateof Census Operations,Kerala. p. 174,175. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  16. ^ "Textile Centre at Nadukani to be hub of textile production activities". The Hindu. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
  17. ^ "The Hindu : Kerala / Kannur News : Kinfra's Textile Centre to be opened next month". www.hindu.com. Archived from the original on 31 May 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  18. ^ "Taliparamba Assembly Election Results 2021". Oneindia. Retrieved 27 September 2022.
  19. ^ "Taliparamba Municipality - Standing Committee". lsgkerala.gov.in.
  20. ^ "About - Taliparamba PS". keralapolice.gov.in.
  21. ^ "Taliparamba Sub Division". keralapolice.gov.in.
  22. ^ "Judicial Setup of Kannur district". districts.ecourts.gov.in.
  23. ^ "Nod for six-laning NH corridor". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  24. ^ "Kerala State Highways". Kerala PWD Department. Archived from the original on 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  25. ^ "Govt speeds up work of connecting Kannur airport". The Times of India.
  26. ^ "Steps to develop airport road". The Hindu.
  27. ^ "Judgment puts focus on Rajarajeshwara temple". Times of India. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  28. ^ "Yeddyurappa donates elephant to Kerala temple". India Today.
  29. ^ "Yeddyurappa worships at Kannur temples". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  30. ^ "Jayalalitha shared a special relation with Taliparamba Rajarajeshwari Temple". The Hindu.
  31. ^ "When a temple kepts it doors open for Jayalalithaa". Times of India.
  32. ^ "Trichambaram temple tourist_spots". Mathrubhumi.
  33. ^ "Thiruvathira Festival, Kanhirangad Sree Vaidyanatha Temple". www.keralatourism.org.
  34. ^ "Profile - St. Mary's Forane Church".
  35. ^ "St. Mary's Church, Taliparamba". keralatourism.org.
  36. ^ "Karimbam farm born out of famine". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  37. ^ "Kannur to get a new farm tourism destination". Times of India.
  38. ^ "Karimbam farm to be a tourist hotspot". The Hindu.

External linksEdit