Talatat

Talatat are limestone blocks[1] of standardized size (c. 27 by 27 by 54 cm, corresponding to 12 by 12 by 1 ancient Egyptian cubits) used during the 18th Dynasty reign of the Pharaoh Akhenaten in the building of the Aton temples at Karnak and Akhetaten (modern Amarna). The standardized size and their small weight made construction more efficient.[2] Their use may have begun in the second year of Akhenaten's reign.[3] After the Amarna Period talatat construction was abandoned, apparently not having withstood the test of time.[4]

Reconstructed Talatats from the Gempaaten

Amenhotep IV talatatsEdit

The blocks used in the Temple of Amenhotep IV in Karnak, and the other abandoned temples devoted to the deity Aten, were reused by Horemheb and Ramesses II as filler material for pylons and as foundations for large buildings. The Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak is built on thousands of these blocks, as is the Second Pylon.[5]

Tens of thousands of the talatat have been recovered. The decorated stones are being photographed and the scenes they depict are reconstructed as part of the Akhenaten Temple Project.[6]

EtymologyEdit

The term talatat was apparently used by the Egyptian workmen[clarification needed] and introduced into the language of archaeology by the Egyptologist H. Chevrier.[7] Some think it may be derived from Italian tagliata, meaning cut masonry.[8] Talatat is an Arabic word derived from the word for 'three', indicating that each block is three hand-spans long.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Harrell (2001), p. 36–8
  2. ^ Arnold (2002), p. 238
  3. ^ Bard (1999), p. 392
  4. ^ Shaw (2003), p. 274
  5. ^ Bard (1999), p. 391
  6. ^ Bard (1999), pp. 391f
  7. ^ Grimal (1992), p. 227
  8. ^ Bard (1999), p. 391
  9. ^ Kemp, Barry (2012). The City of Akhenaten and Nefertiti: Amarna and its People (2014 paperback ed.). New York: Thames & Hudson. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-500-29120-7.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit