Takigawa Kazumasu

Takigawa Kazumasu (滝川 一益, 1525 – October 21, 1586), also known as Sakonshōgen (左近将監), was a samurai retainer to Oda Nobunaga, and later Toyotomi Hideyoshi, during Japan's Sengoku period. His biological son, Toshimasu, was adopted by Toshihisa and later served Nobunaga alongside Kazumasu and Toshimasu's adopted uncle, Maeda Toshiie.

Takigawa Kazumasu
滝川 一益
Takigawa Kazumasu.jpg
Takigawa Kazumasu
Born1525 (1525)
Omi Province
DiedOctober 21, 1586 (aged 60–61)
Echizen Province
AllegianceMon-Oda.png Oda clan
Goshichi no kiri inverted.svg Toyotomi clan
Battles/warsBattle of Anegawa
Battle of Mikatagahara
Siege of Nagashima
Battle of Tedorigawa
Tensho Iga War
Battle of Tenmokuzan
Battle of Kanagawa
Siege of Kameyama
Siege of Kanie

BiographyEdit

Originally from Ōmi Province, Takigawa was appointed Kantō-kanrei (Shōgun's Deputy in the East) by Nobunaga; in this post, with a portion of Kōzuke Province as his domain, he was assigned to keep an eye on the powerful Hōjō clan, based at Odawara. An account cited that Kazumasu served as an envoy for Nobunaga. He was, for instance, sent to Akagawa Motoyasu in the latter's effort of consolidating his power in 1561.[1] Under Nobunaga, he took part in a great many battles, including the battle of Anegawa in (1570), and the campaigns against the Ikkō-ikki of Nagashima (1571–1574).

Kazumasu was sent by Oda Nobunaga to provide reinforcement to Tokugawa Ieyasu when he was attacked by Takeda Shingen at Battle of Mikatagahara (1572), this included Siege of Nagashima (1573) and also fought in Battle of Tedorigawa (1577), and the Tenshō Iga War (1579-1581) in Iga Province.[2] Kazumasu's achievements include the capture of Seki castle.[3] He participated at Battle of Tenmokuzan (1582) against Takeda clan last remnants.

Following Nobunaga's death in 1582, Takigawa fought in the Battle of Kanagawa (1582) against Hojo clan.[2]: 232–233 

In 1583, he and Shibata Katsuie along with many of the Oda retainers, initially opposed Toyotomi Hideyoshi, but he was defeated defending Kameyama Castle (Mie), after Hideyoshi used mines to bring down the castle.[4]

Later Kazumasu submitted to Hideyoshi and assisted during the Komaki Campaign (1584) by attacking Kanie castle along with Kuki Yoshitaka.[5] When he performed badly in this campaign, he shaved his head, become a Buddhist monk[6] and retired from battle in shame. He is thought to have died in Echizen around 1586.

Takigawa's standard was three red circles arranged vertically.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sadler, A. L. (2011). The Maker of Modern Japan: The Life of Tokugawa Ieyasu. Oxon: Routledge. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-415-56498-4.
  2. ^ a b Turnbull, Stephen (2000). The Samurai Sourcebook. London: Cassell & C0. pp. 223–224, 228, 230. ISBN 1854095234.
  3. ^ Yoshikawa, Eiji (2000). Taiko: An Epic Novel of War and Glory in Feudal Japan. Tokyo: Kodansha International. p. 775. ISBN 4-7700-2609-9.
  4. ^ Turnbull, S.R. (1977). The Samurai. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc. p. 168. ISBN 0026205408.
  5. ^ Turnbull, Stephen (2011-10-20). Toyotomi Hideyoshi. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-84603-961-4.
  6. ^ Rohan, Koda (2011). Pagoda, Skull & Samurai. North Clarendon, VT: Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4629-0324-5.
  • Frederic, Louis (2002). Japan Encyclopedia, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
  • Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan: 1334–1615, Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.