Takasu Domain

The Takasu Domain (高須藩, Takasu-han) was a Japanese domain located in Mino Province (present-day Kaizu, Gifu). For most of its history, it was ruled by the Takasu-Matsudaira, a branch of the Tokugawa clan of Owari Domain.

Takasu Domain
高須藩
Domain of Japan
1600–1628
1640–1691
1700–1870
CapitalTakasu jin'ya [ja]
History
 • TypeDaimyō
Historical eraEdo period
• Established
1600
• Disestablished
1870
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mino Province
Nagoya Domain
Today part ofGifu Prefecture

Matsudaira Katamori, Matsudaira Sadaaki, Tokugawa Yoshikatsu, and Tokugawa Mochinaga, four important figures in Bakumatsu-era Japan, were the sons of Matsudaira Yoshitatsu, one of Takasu's last daimyō.

HistoryEdit

In 1600, after the Battle of Sekigahara, Takagi Morikane was dispossessed of Takasu Castle for having sided with the pro-Toyotomi Western Army under Ishida Mitsunari. He was replaced by Tokunaga Nagamasa, one of Tokugawa Ieyasu’s generals and was assigned a fief with a kokudaka of 50,673 koku. The marked the start of Takasu Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. His son, Tokunaga Masashige, increased the kokudaka to 53,000 koku; however, he was dispossessed in 1628 over his failure to complete the rebuilding of the walls of Osaka Castle, and the domain was suppressed.

Takasu Domain was revived in 1640 as a 22,000 koku holding for a cadet branch of the Ogasawara clan from Sekiyado Domain in Shimōsa. However, the domain suffered greatly from flood damage, and the shogunate transferred the Ogasawara to Katsuyama Domain in Echizen in 1691.

The domain was revived a third time in 1700, this time as a 30,000 koku holding for Matsudaira Yoshiyuki, the younger son of Tokugawa Mitsutomo of Owari Domain. Matsudaira Yoshiyuki was already daimyō of the 30,000 koku Takai Domain in Mino Province since 1681, and traded this territory of Takasu Domain, which then became a subsidiary to Owari Domain. The domain remained in the hands of his descendants until the Meiji restoration.

Although administered as a part of Owari Domain, the position of Takasu Domain was somewhat ambiguous, as it was authorized directly by the shogunate rather than by Owari Domain. On the other hand, its daimyō lived permanently in Edo, and administered domain affairs through appointed officials, rather than residing in the domain and was thus not subject to Sankin-kōtai.

Bakumatsu period holdingsEdit

As with most domains in the han system, Takasu Domain consisted of a discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[1][2]

  • Mino Province
    • 13 villages in Kaisai District
    • 15 villages in Ishizu District
  • Shinano Province
    • 42 villages in Ina District

List of daimyōEdit

Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank kokudaka
  Tokunaga clan (Tozama) 1600-1646
1 Tokunaga Nagamasa (徳永寿昌) 1600-1632 Iwami-no-kami (石見守) Junior 5th Rank, Lower Grade (従五位下) 50,673 koku
2 Tokunaga Masahige (徳永昌重) 1632–1646 Sama-no-suke (左馬介) Junior 5th Rank, Lower Grade (従五位下) 52,000 koku
  tenryō 1646-1649
  Ogasawara clan (fudai) 1649-1676
1 Ogasawara Sadanobu (小笠原貞信) 1646–1676 Tosa-no-kami (土佐守) Junior 5th Rank, Lower Grade (従五位下) 22,000 koku
  tenryō 1676-1700
 Matsudaira clan/Tokugawa clan (Shinpan) 1700-1870
1 Matsudaira Yoshiyuki (松平義行) 1700-1715 Settsu-no-kami (摂津守) Junior 5th Rank, Lower Grade (従五位下) 30,000 koku
2 Matsudaira Yoshitaka (松平義孝) 1715–1732 Settsu-no-kami (摂津守) Junior 4th Rank, Lower Grade (従四位下) 30,000 koku
3 Matsudaira Yoshiatsu (松平義淳) 1732–1739 Sakonoe-shosho (左近衛少将) Junior 4th Rank, Lower Grade (従四位下) 30,000 koku
4 Matsudaira Yoshitoshi (松平義敏) 1739–1771 Nakatsukasa no-daiyu (中務大輔) Junior 4th Rank, Lower Grade (従四位下) 30,000 koku
5 Matsudaira Yoshitomo (松平義柄) 1771–1777 Settsu-no-kami (摂津守); Jijū (侍従) Junior 4th Rank, Lower Grade (従四位下) 30,000 koku
6 Matsudaita Yoshihiro (松平 義裕) 1777–1795 Settsu-no-kami (摂津守); Jijū (侍従) Junior 4th Rank, Lower Grade (従四位下) 30,000 koku
7 Matsudaira Yoshimasa ([松平義当) 1795–1801 Danjo-hitsu (弾正大弼) Junior 4th Rank, Lower Grade (従四位下) 30,000 koku
8 Matsudaira Yoshisue (松平義居) 1801–1804 Sakonoe-shosho (左少将);Jijū (侍従) Junior 4th Rank, Lower Grade (従四位下) 30,000 koku
9 Matsudaira Yoshinari (松平義和) 1804-1832 Sakonoe-shosho (左少将) Junior 4th Rank, Lower Grade (従四位下) 30,000 koku
10 Matsudaira Yoshitatsu (松平義建) 1832–1850 Sakonoe-shosho (左少将) Junior 4th Rank, Lower Grade (従四位下) 30,000 koku
11 Tokugawa Chikanaga (徳川茂徳) 1850-1858 Sakonoe-shosho (左少将) Junior 4th Rank, Lower Grade (従四位下) 30,000 koku
12 Matsudaira Yoshimasa (松平義端) 1858–1860 - none - - none - 30,000 koku
13 Matsudaira Yoshitake (松平義勇) 1860-1869 - none - 5th Rank, (従五位) 30,000 koku
14 Matsudaira Yoshinari (松平義生) 1869 –1870 - none - - none - 30,000 koku

Simplified genealogyEdit

  •   Tokugawa Ieyasu, 1st Tokugawa Shōgun (1543-1616; r. 1603-1605)
    • Tokugawa Yoshinao, 1st Lord of Owari (1601-1650)
      • Tokugawa Mitsutomo, 2nd Lord of Owari (1625-1700)
        • Tokugawa Tsunanari, 3rd Lord of Owari (1652-1699)
          •   II. Matsudaira Yoshitaka, 2nd Lord of Takasu (1694-1732; r. 1715-1732)
        •   I. Matsudaira Yoshiyuki, 1st Lord of Takasu (1656-1715; Lord of Takasu: cr. 1700)
        • Matsudaira Tomoaki, Head of the Kawado-Kubo line (1678-1728)
          •   III. Matsudaira Yoshiaki, 3rd Lord of Takasu (later Tokugawa Munekatsu, 8th Lord of Owari) (1705-1761; 3rd Lord of Takasu: 1732-1739; 8th Lord of Owari: 1739-1761)
            •   IV. Matsudaira Yoshitoshi, 4th Lord of Takasu (1734-1771; r. 1739-1771)
              •   V. Matsudaira Yoshitomo, 5th Lord of Takasu (1760-1793; r. 1771-1777)
              •   VI. Matsudaira Yoshihiro, 6th Lord of Takasu (1762-1795; r. 1777-1795)
            •   VII. Matsudaira Katsumasa, 7th Lord of Takasu (1738-1801; r. 1795-1801)
    • Tokugawa Yorinobu, 1st Lord of Kishū (1602-1671)
      • Tokugawa Mitsusada, 2nd Lord of Kishū (1627-1705)
        •   Tokugawa Yoshimune, 8th Tokugawa Shōgun (1684-1751; 5th Lord of Kishū: 1705-1716; 8th Tokugawa Shōgun: 1716-1745)
          • Tokugawa Munetada, 1st Hitotsubashi-Tokugawa family head (1721-1765)
            • Tokugawa Harusada, 2nd Hitotsubashi-Tokugawa family head (1751-1827)
              •   VIII. Matsudaira Yoshisue, 8th Lord of Takasu (1785-1804; r. 1801-1804)
    • Tokugawa Yorifusa, 1st Lord of Mito (1603-1661)
      • Matsudaira Yorishige, 1st Lord of Takamatsu (1622-1695)
        • Matsudaira Yoriyuki (1661-1687)
          • Matsudaira Yoritoyo, 3rd Lord of Takamatsu (1680-1735)
            • Tokugawa Munetaka, 4th Lord of Mito (1705-1730)
              • Tokugawa Munemoto, 5th Lord of Mito (1728-1766)
                • Tokugawa Harumori, 6th Lord of Mito (1751-1805)
                  •   IX. Matsudaira Yoshinari, 9th Lord of Takasu (1776-1832; r. 1804-1832)
                    •   X. Matsudaira Yoshitatsu, 10th Lord of Takasu (1800-1862; r. 1832-1850)
                      •   XI. Matsudaira Yoshichika, 11th Lord of Takasu (later Tokugawa Mochinaga, 10th Hitotsubashi-Tokugawa family head) (1831-1884; r. 1850-1858)
                        •   XII. Matsudaira Yoshimasa, 12th Lord of Takasu (1858-1860; r. 1858-1860)
                      •   XIII. Matsudaira Yoshitake, 13th Lord of Takasu (1859-1891; r. 1860-1869)

[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  2. ^ Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
  3. ^ 尾張支流松平氏(御連枝). Reichsarchiv (in Japanese). Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  • Kobiyama, Rokurō (2005). Shashinshū: Matsudaira Katamori no shōgai. Tokyo: Shin Jinbutsu Ōraisha.
  • (in Japanese) "Takasu-han" on Edo 300 HTML (29 Feb. 2008)

Coordinates: 35°13′25″N 136°37′54″E / 35.223683°N 136.631528°E / 35.223683; 136.631528