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The somoni (Tajik: cомонӣ, ISO 4217 code: TJS) is the currency of Tajikistan. It is subdivided into 100 diram (Tajik: дирам). The currency is named after the father of the Tajik nation, Ismail Samani (also spelled Ismoil Somoni).

Tajikistani somoni
Сомонӣ (Tajik)
5 Somoni TJ 2001.png
5 somoni obverse and reverse.
ISO 4217
CodeTJS
Denominations
Subunit
 1/100diram
PluralThe language(s) of this currency do(es) not have a morphological plural distinction.
Banknotes1, 5, 20, 50 diram, 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 somoni
Coins1, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50 diram, 1, 3, 5 somoni
Demographics
User(s) Tajikistan
Issuance
Central bankNational Bank of Tajikistan
 Websitewww.nbt.tj
Valuation
Inflation6%
 SourceThe World Factbook, 2012 est.

HistoryEdit

The somoni was introduced on 30 October 2000;[1] it replaced the Tajikistani ruble, at the rate of 1 somoni = 1000 rubles.[2]

The currency is divided into 100 diram for one somoni. Diram banknotes were first introduced on 30 October 2000 to start the currency off and coins were introduced later in 2001 with the intention of creating a more efficient monetary system and gradually replacing the diram notes. This was also the first time circulating coins were introduced in Tajikistan.

CoinsEdit

Circulation coins, first issued in 2001 were struck in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 25, 50 diram composed of brass-clad steel and 1, 3, and 5 somoni in nickel-clad steel. Bimetallic 3 and 5 somoni coins were first released in 2003. The reverse of all somoni coins are changed annually and commemorate various events. A second issue dated 2011 was issued in June 2012, and included 5, 10, 20, 50 dirams and 1 somoni.[3] A third series of somoni coins was issued in 2018 in denominations of 1, 3 and 5 somoni.

Tajikistan coins are struck by Goznak at the Saint Petersburg Mint in Russia.

The First Series [1]
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of minting
Reverse Obverse Diameter Thickness Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
  5 diram 16.5 mm 1.35 mm 2 g brass-clad steel Plain Tajik 7-star crown, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон"1, year of minting Value 2001
  10 diram 17.5 mm 1.4 mm 2.4 g
  20 diram 18.5 mm 1.4 mm 2.7 g
  25 diram 19 mm 1.4 mm 2.76 g Brass
  50 diram 21 mm 1.45 mm 3.6 g
  1 somoni 24 mm 1.6 mm 5.2 g See remark 2 Reeded and plain sections Ismail Samani, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", value, Value and the Tajik 7-star crown, year of minting 2001
  3 somoni 25.5 mm 1.8 mm 6.3 g Lettered Coat of arms, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", value
  5 somoni 26.5 mm 1.85 mm 7 g Reeded and plain sections with a star Abuabdullo Rudaki, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", value, "Рӯдакӣ"3
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.

RemarksEdit

  1. "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон" = "Republic of Tajikistan"
  2. Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1901–present, 31st ed. states that the composition for 1, 3, and 5 som is cupronickel-zinc, while the Central Bank states cupronickel.
  3. "Рӯдакӣ" = "Rudaki"
The Second Series [2]
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of minting
Reverse Obverse Diameter Thickness Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
1 diram 14.5 mm 1.3 mm 1.3 g Brass-clad steel Plain Coat of arms, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", year of minting Value 2011
2 diram 16 mm 1.4 mm 1.6 g
5 diram 18 mm 1.5 mm 2 g Copper-clad brass
10 diram 20.5 mm 1.7 mm 3 g
20 diram 23.5 mm 1.8 mm 4.5 g Corrugated
50 diram 26 mm 2 mm 5.5 g reeded
1 somoni 27 mm 1.6 mm 5.2 g Cupronickel-clad steel
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.
The Third Series
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of minting
Reverse Obverse Diameter Thickness Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
1 somoni 24.5 mm 1.8 mm 5.8 g Nickel-brass Reeded "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон"1, portrait of Mirzo Tursunzoda Value and the Tajik 7-star crown, year of minting 2018
3 somoni 25.5 mm 1.8 mm 6.3 g Nickel-brass Plain with lettered inscription "СЕ СОМОНӢ" "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон"1, portrait of Shirinsho Shotemur Value and the Tajik 7-star crown, year of minting 2018
5 somoni 26.5 mm 1.85 mm 7 g Nickel-brass Reeded "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон"1, portrait of Sadriddin Aynii Value and the Tajik 7-star crown, year of minting 2018

RemarksEdit

  1. "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон" = "Republic of Tajikistan"

BanknotesEdit

Banknotes of 1, 5, 20, 50 dirams, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 somoni were printed in 1999 and issued in 2000. Along with a 3 somoni note in 2010, inflationary pressure since the introduction of the somoni has resulted in the printing of 200 and 500 somoni notes that year. The 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 somoni notes were reissued in 2013, bearing the year 1999.

The Current Series [3]
Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse Watermark printing issue
    1 diram 100 × 60 mm Brown Sadriddin Ayni Theatre and Opera House Pamir Mountains Two mountains over rectangle 1999 2000
    5 dirams Blue Arbob Cultural Palace Shrine of Mirzo Tursunzoda
    20 dirams Green Meetings Hall of the National Bank of Tajikistan Mountain road
    50 dirams Purple Ismoili Somoni Mountain valley
    1 somoni 141 × 65 mm Green Mirzo Tursunzoda National Bank of Tajikistan Portrait
    3 somoni Violet Shirinsho Shotemur Majlisi Oli 2010 2010
    5 somoni 144 × 65 mm Blue Sadriddin Ayni Shrine of Abuabdullo Rudaki 1999 2000
2010
2013
2017
2018
    10 somoni 147 × 65 mm Red Mir Said Alii Hamadoni Tomb of Mir Said Alii Hamadoni
    20 somoni 150 × 65 mm Yellow-brown Abuali ibn Sino Hissar Castle
    50 somoni 153 × 65 mm Blue Bobojon Gafurov Chaikhana (teahouse) Sino
    100 somoni 156 × 65 mm Brown Ismoili Somoni Presidential Palace
    200 somoni 159 x 68 mm Brown and Yellow Nusratullo Maksum National Library building in Dushanbe 2010 2010
2018
    500 somoni 162 x 71 mm Purple and Gray Abuabdullo Rudaki Palace of Nations in Dushanbe
For table standards, see the banknote specification table.
Current TJS exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From XE: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From OANDA: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From fxtop.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB

Note: These rates could be substantially different from the rates the central bank publishes

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ National Bank of Tajikistan. "Banknotes and coins". Archived from the original on 2007-04-29. Retrieved 2007-05-19.
  2. ^ Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Tajikistan". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
  3. ^ "World Coin News". worldcoinnews.blogspot.com.au. Retrieved 22 April 2018.

Sources

External linksEdit

Preceded by:
Tajikistani ruble
Reason: inflation
Ratio: 1 somoni = 1000 rubles
Currency of Tajikistan
2000 –
Succeeded by:
Current