The town of Tairua is on the east coast of the Coromandel Peninsula in the North Island of New Zealand. It lies at the mouth of the Tairua River on its north bank and on the small Paku Peninsula.[2] Tairua is a Māori name which translates literally as tai: tides, rua: two.[3]

Tairua
NZ110415 Mount Paku 03.jpg
Tairua is located in North Island
Tairua
Tairua
Coordinates: 37°00′23″S 175°50′56″E / 37.00639°S 175.84889°E / -37.00639; 175.84889Coordinates: 37°00′23″S 175°50′56″E / 37.00639°S 175.84889°E / -37.00639; 175.84889
CountryNew Zealand
RegionWaikato
DistrictThames-Coromandel District
Population
 (June 2018)[1]
 • Total1,430
Postcode(s)
3508
Mount Paku

Directly opposite Tairua on the south bank of the river's estuary is the smaller settlement of Pauanui. The two settlements are 30 kilometres east of Thames although the town has closer connections with the sea side resort town Whangamata. Several islands lie off the mouth of the river, notably Slipper Island to the southeast and the Alderman Islands 20 kilometres to the east. Mount Paku is an extinct volcano that lies by Tairua Harbour. It was thought to have formed the Alderman Islands.

History and featuresEdit

The earliest occupation of the area was once thought to have been by early Polynesian explorers based on the discovery of a pearl-shell (not native to New Zealand) lure shank found here[4] and originally carbon-dated to the 11th century.[3] Subsequent reassessment of the archaeological site has resulted in dates in the 14th century.[5]

Early European settlers to the area, in the late 19th century, were primarily drawn by timber stocks (predominantly kauri) and gold prospecting.[6]

From the late 1960s Tairua has become a holiday destination,[6] with major activities including game fishing, scuba diving, and surfing.

Radio Tairua is an independent radio station on frequency 88.3FM, which has broadcast to the area since May 2007.[7]

The local Oturu Marae is located in Tairua. It is a tribal meeting ground for Ngāti Maru and includes the Ngatau Wiwi meeting house.[8][9]

DemographicsEdit

Tairua had a population of 1,227 at the 2013 New Zealand census, a decrease of 42 people since the 2006 census. There were 621 males and 606 females.[10] 92.2% were European/Pākehā, 12.4% were Māori, 1.5% were Pacific peoples and 2.8% were Asian.[11]

ClimateEdit

Tairua features an extremely mild oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb) with no month having an average temperature above 20°C or below 10°C. As a result of this, temperatures above 30°C or below 0°C are almost unheard of with the town being a popular holiday location because of its mild weather, beautiful beaches and rugged hills and mountains. These surrounding hills and mountains also cause the city to see significant rainfall throughout the year, especially in winter which can often lead to flooding and slips which isolate the community (almost annually) for a day or two at a time. This high rainfall also leads to lush temperate rainforest vegetation surrounding the city.

Climate data for Tairua, New Zealand (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
24.3
(75.7)
22.9
(73.2)
20.5
(68.9)
17.6
(63.7)
15.4
(59.7)
14.7
(58.5)
15.3
(59.5)
16.7
(62.1)
18.4
(65.1)
20.5
(68.9)
22.3
(72.1)
19.4
(66.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
19.6
(67.3)
18.4
(65.1)
16
(61)
13.1
(55.6)
11.1
(52.0)
10.3
(50.5)
11
(52)
12.5
(54.5)
14.1
(57.4)
16.1
(61.0)
17.8
(64.0)
14.9
(58.9)
Average low °C (°F) 14.7
(58.5)
15
(59)
13.9
(57.0)
11.5
(52.7)
8.7
(47.7)
6.9
(44.4)
5.9
(42.6)
6.8
(44.2)
8.3
(46.9)
9.9
(49.8)
11.7
(53.1)
13.3
(55.9)
10.6
(51.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 131
(5.2)
122
(4.8)
189
(7.4)
152
(6.0)
164
(6.5)
211
(8.3)
184
(7.2)
199
(7.8)
158
(6.2)
121
(4.8)
125
(4.9)
129
(5.1)
1,885
(74.2)
Source: NIWA[12]

EducationEdit

Tairua School is a coeducational full primary (years 1-8) school[13] with a roll of 138 as of March 2019.[14]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2019". Statistics New Zealand. 22 October 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2020. For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-18 (2017 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. 23 October 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  2. ^ Peter Dowling (editor) (2004). Reed New Zealand Atlas. Reed Books. pp. map 17. ISBN 0-7900-0952-8.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b Wises New Zealand Guide, 7th Edition, 1979. p. 412.
  4. ^ University of Auckland Library: Anthropology Photographic Archive
  5. ^ Archaeological Monitoring at T11/62, The Tairua Site (Report to Heritage New Zealand)
  6. ^ a b "Tairua History". Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
  7. ^ "Radio Tairua". Archived from the original on 26 May 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
  8. ^ "Te Kāhui Māngai directory". tkm.govt.nz. Te Puni Kōkiri.
  9. ^ "Māori Maps". maorimaps.com. Te Potiki National Trust.
  10. ^ 2013 Census QuickStats about a place : Tairua
  11. ^ 2013 Census QuickStats about a place (Cultural diversity) : Tairua
  12. ^ "Climate Data and Activities". NIWA Science. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
  13. ^ Education Counts: Tairua School
  14. ^ "Directory of Schools - as at 3 April 2019". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 9 May 2018.

External linksEdit