Taira no Koremori

Taira no Koremori (平 維盛) (1158 – 1184) was one of the Taira clan's commanders during the Genpei War of the late Heian period of Japanese history. He was the eldest son of Taira no Shigemori, who was the eldest son and heir of Taira no Kiyomori.[1]

Sammichūjō Koremori woodblock print by Utagawa Yoshitora, 1866.

Early lifeEdit

Taira no Koremori was born in 1158.[1] In contrast to his father, who was a warrior focused on battle, he grew up to be a young nobleman who enjoyed poetry and music.[citation needed]

Genpei WarEdit

During the Genpei War, Koremori lost the Battle of Fujikawa in 1180. He invaded three years later Echizen Province, taking Hiuchiyama and several other of Minamoto no Yoshinaka's strongholds. However, Yoshinaka was able to take back the strongholds and defeat Koremori during the Battle of Kurikara.[2][3]

Koremori fled the Heike headquarters during the Battle of Yashima, and sought to reunite with his family left behind in the capital. However, along the way back he met the priest Takiguchi, formerly Saito Tokiyori, on Mount Kōya and became a monk. The rumor later spread that he had boarded a boat at Hama-no-miya and set out to sea where he drowned.[4][5]

FamilyEdit

His sons, Taira no Takakiyo and Taira no Chikazane, became the last members of the Taira clan after most of their relatives were killed in the Battle of Dan-no-Ura in 1185.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Brown, Delmer M.; Hall, John Whitney; Shively, Donald H.; McCullough, William H.; Jansen, Marius B.; Yamamura, Kōzō; Duus, Peter (1988). The Cambridge History of Japan. Vol. 2. Cambridge University Press. pp. 615, 703–704. ISBN 978-0-521-22353-9.
  2. ^ Sansom, George (1958). A History of Japan to 1334. Stanford University Press. p. 293. ISBN 0804705232.
  3. ^ Turnbull, Stephen (1998). The Samurai Sourcebook. Cassell & Co. p. 201–202. ISBN 1854095234.
  4. ^ The Tales of the Heike. Translated by Burton Watson. Columbia University Press. 2006. p. 109–121. ISBN 9780231138031.
  5. ^ Turnbull, Stephen R. (2016). The Gempei War 1180-85 : the great Samurai civil war. Giuseppe Rava. Oxford. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-4728-1384-8. OCLC 954103123.
  • Frederic, Louis (2002). "Taira no Koremori". Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.