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Tainan railway station

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Tainan (Chinese: 台南; pinyin: Táinán) is a railway station in Tainan, Taiwan served by Taiwan Railways Administration. Situated in centre of the old town square of Tainan, Tainan Station is the main station of the city and also one of the major stations along the western trunk line in Taiwan. The Shalun line, opened in 2011, allows through services to link the station with THSR Tainan Station.

Tainan

臺南
Taiwan Railways Administration
TRA railway station
Tainan Station 02.JPG
Station exterior
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese台南
General information
Location4 Sec 2 Beimen Rd
East District, Tainan[1]
Taiwan
Coordinates22°59′50″N 120°12′47″E / 22.9971°N 120.2130°E / 22.9971; 120.2130Coordinates: 22°59′50″N 120°12′47″E / 22.9971°N 120.2130°E / 22.9971; 120.2130[1]
Line(s)
Distance353.2 km to Keelung via Taichung[2]
Connections
Construction
Structure typeGround level
Other information
Station code
  • 175 (three-digit)[1]
  • 1228 (four-digit)[1]
  • A77 (statistical)[4]
ClassificationFirst class (Chinese: 一等)[3]
Websitewww.railway.gov.tw/Tainan/index.aspx (in Chinese)
History
Opened1900-11-29[5]
Rebuilt1936-03
Electrified1979-04-23[6]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)19.670 million per year[4]Increase 1.69%
Rank4 out of 228
Services
Preceding station Taiwan Railways Administration Taiwan Railways Following station
Daqiao
towards Keelung
West Coast line Bao'an
towards Kaohsiung
Location
Tainan is located in Taiwan
Tainan
Tainan
Location within Taiwan

OverviewEdit

 
Tainan Station when it first opened in 1900.

The station has one island platform and one side platform. The current station structure opened on 15 March 1936, which included a hotel on the second floor (the only station of its kind in Taiwan). The hotel closed in 1965, and the restaurant was closed in 1986.

Construction is ongoing for a plan to move the tracks and station underground by 2017.

HistoryEdit

  • 1900-05-15: Construction on the station was completed.
  • 1900-11-29: The section from Tainan to Dagou (modern-day Kaohsiung Port) opens for service.
  • 1905: Slight expansion of the station.[7]
  • 1927: Due to double track construction from Tainan to Kaohsiung and inadequacy of the station, the station was demolished. Construction began on the second-generation station the same year.
  • 1936-03-15: The current (second-generation) station is completed, taking a total of two years seven months to complete. A hotel was opened on the second floor of the station.
  • 1954-06-06: The Taiwan Sugar Railways Guanmiao line (關廟線) is extended to south of Tainan Station.
  • 1969-05-20: The Guanmiao line was demolished.
  • 1977-06: The station back area was constructed, facilitating transport for East District residents and local schools.
  • 1998-12-18: The Ministry of the Interior designates the station a historical site. (The government of Taiwan Province had previously declared it a historical site.)
  • 1999-07-01: Station operation is transferred from the provincial railway bureau to the Ministry of Transportation and Communications.
  • 2007-04-26: The plan to move railroad tracks underground in Tainan is set. The station is planned to be moved entirely underground.
  • 2009-08-10: Under the plan to move the station underground, construction begins. It is expected to last for over seven years and be completed by 2017.

Platform layoutEdit

 
A Tzu-Chiang train at Tainan Station.
1 1 West Coast line (northbound) Toward Chiayi, Changhua, Taichung, Taipei
Eastern line (southbound cross-line) Toward Yilan, Su-ao, Hualien
2 2A West Coast line (southbound) Toward Kaohsiung, Pingtung
South-link line (southbound) Toward Fangliao, Taitung
3 2B West Coast line (southbound departure, through traffic) Toward Kaohsiung, Pingtung
West Coast line (northbound departure, through traffic) Toward Chiayi, Changhua, Taichung, Taipei

Around the stationEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "車站基本資料集". Taiwan Railways Administration. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  2. ^ 各站營業里程-1.西部幹線. Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). 11 December 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  3. ^ 車站數-按等級別分 (PDF). Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b 臺鐵統計資訊. Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  5. ^ 車站簡介. Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). 11 December 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  6. ^ 臺灣鐵路電訊. Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  7. ^ 《台灣七大經典車站建築圖集》,行政院文化建設委員會。

External linksEdit