Coordinates: 22°16′53″N 114°09′14″E / 22.2813°N 114.1540°E / 22.2813; 114.1540

Tai Kwun
大館
Tai Kwun logo.svg
Former namesCentral Police Station Compound
General information
StatusDeclared monument
Address10 Hollywood Road
Town or cityCentral, Hong Kong
Completed1925
Renovated2018
Renovation costHK$3.7 billion
OwnerHong Kong Jockey Club (conservation and revitalisation)
Design and construction
Architecture firm
Website
taikwun.hk
Tai Kwun
Traditional Chinese大館
Simplified Chinese大馆
Tai Kwun Police Headquarters Block
Parade Ground
Prison Yard

Tai Kwun, or the Former Central Police Station Compound (CPS Compound) includes three declared monuments in Central, Hong Kong: the former Central Police Station, the Former Central Magistracy and the Victoria Prison. Surrounded by Hollywood Road, Arbuthnot Road, Chancery Lane and Old Bailey Street, the compound underwent a heritage revitalisation and reopened to the public on 29 May 2018[1] as "Tai Kwun" (Chinese: 大館), a centre for heritage and arts.

HistoryEdit

The Former Central Police Station Compound, built between 1841 and 1925, comprises 16 historic building grouped under the former Central Police Station, the Former Central Magistracy and the Victoria Prison.[2] Most of the city's historic colonial architecture had been bulldozed for development before the British government handed it back to China in 1997. [3]

The first building in the Former Central Police Station Compound is a Magistrate's House with jail blocks, which were built in 09Aug 1841. In the year of 1899, the Former Central Prison renamed into Victora Prison (or Victoria Gaol). The site underwent numerous expansions and reconstruction over the next century. In the year of 1862, the number of prisoners increased to 650, therefore the government decided to develop the land nearby.[4] The series of compound hence formed 'Tai Kwun'. When Victoria Prison was decommissioned in 2006, the compound accomplished its mission as a law enforcement organization for Hong Kong.

In 1867, the Chinese diplomat and statesman during the Qing dynasty, Guo Songtao with his team passed by Hong Kong in December while their trip to the Great British. In the meanwhile, they made a visit to the Central Police Station, and Guo had written down the situation inside the prison in his journal.Guo, Songtao. "使西紀程". archieve. Retrieved 8 June 2010.</ref> In his journal, he mentioned that Victoria Prison is a 3-storey building, the prisoner who committed the most serious crime would be locked at the top level of the building.

In 2008, the Hong Kong SAR Government partnered with the Hong Kong Jockey Club to conserve the and revitalise the complex.[5]

The revitalisation project is one of the most significant and most expensive revitalisation projects in Hong Kong. It has been led by the Hong Kong Jockey Club in partnership with the Government of the Hong Kong SAR. [6] The HK$1.8 billion project was conceptualised in 2007 and conservation work started in 2011. [5] The Hong Kong Jockey Club's charities trust has spent over HK$3.7 billion so far since 2011 as of May 2018.[3][7]

The conversion was completed in phases. Work faced a setback when a wall and roof collapsed in 2016.[8][9] The Buildings Department prosecuted a sub-contractor it deemed responsible for the accident, which was reportedly triggered by the failure of a brick pier that had been structurally undermined.[10] Tai Kwun partially reopened to the public in May 2018.[5]

Tai KwunEdit

 
JC Contemporary stairs become iconic spot for the visitors

A Former Central Police Station (CPS) Revitalisation Project was established to conserve and revitalise the heritage site for reuse. The project was operated by the Hong Kong Jockey Club and took eight-year and HK$3.8 billion.[2]

Tai Kwun, named after the historical colloquial name of the compound, is a mix of heritage and contemporary architecture. 16 heritage buildings have been restored for reuse. An additional two new buildings have been constructed, featuring designs inspired by the site's historic brickwork.[11]

The remodelled compound was opened to the public in three phases, beginning with the inaugural exhibition "100 Faces of Tai Kwun" on 29 May 2018.

As early as the 1880s, the name Tai Kwun has been recorded in news articles in reference to the Former Central Police Station.[3][6]

In 2018, Time listed Tai Kwun in its "World's Greatest Places 2018" list.[12]

In 2019, Tai Kwun was awarded "Award of Excellence" from the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation.[13]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hong Kong's largest heritage conservation project opens to public". ARUP News. 2018-06-13. Retrieved 2018-08-30.
  2. ^ a b Kao, Ernest (29 May 2018). "Central Police Station is now the Tai Kwun Centre for Heritage and Arts, where fond Hong Kong tales live on". South China Morning Post.
  3. ^ a b c "Central Police Station complex reopening after 8-year restoration". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  4. ^ 明新, 何 (01/06/2016). 大館 : 中央警署, 跨世紀檔案 = Top Secret. 初版. ed., 中華書局(香港)有限公司, 2016 (初版 ed.). 中華書局(香港)有限公司. p. 192. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ a b c "Central Police Station heritage site to partially reopen in May". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  6. ^ a b "'Tai Kwun' offers platform for art". The Standard. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  7. ^ "Budget for Central Police Station conversion double HK$1.8b estimate". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  8. ^ Au-yeung, Allen; Cheung, Elizabeth (29 May 2016). "Wall and roof collapse at historic former Central Police Station raises safety and heritage preservation fears". South China Morning Post.
  9. ^ Cheng, Kris (30 May 2016). "Redevelopment work halted after wall collapses at former Central Police Station". Hong Kong Free Press.
  10. ^ Tong, Elson (1 June 2017). "Buildings Dept. prosecutes subcontractor after Central Police Station wall collapse". Hong Kong Free Press.
  11. ^ Heathcote, Edwin (2018-03-29). "From cop shop to culture hub: Hong Kong's Tai Kwun centre". Financial Times. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  12. ^ "Tai Kwun: The World's 100 Greatest Places of 2018". Time. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  13. ^ "2019 UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation - Winners announced". UNESCO Bangkok. Retrieved 2019-11-15.

External linksEdit