In naval architecture a taffrail is the handrail around the open deck area toward the stern of a ship or boat. The rear deck of a ship is often called the afterdeck or poop deck. Not all ships have an afterdeck or poop deck. Sometimes taffrail refers to just curved wooden top of the stern of a sailing man-of-war or East Indiaman ship. The rail of these wooden sailing ships usually had hand carved wood rails, often highly decorated. Sometimes taffrail refers to complete deck area at the stern of a vessel.
A taffrail log is a mechanical speed logging device, used like a car odometer. The taffrail log was towed from the stern or taffrail of the ship by a long line. Taffrail log were developed in the eighteenth century and became a practical device in the nineteenth century. 
- Getty Images, Taffrail Pictures and Images
- Directions for laying off ships on the mouldloft floor, page 80, By John Fincham
- Naval Architecture, Or, The Rudiments and Rules of Ship Building, page 111, By Marmaduke Stalkartt
- Royal, National Maritime Museum, Taffrail carving; horses head
- The Nautical Magazine for 1875, page 491
- My stic seaport, taffrail log