Taegeuk (taekwondo)

In taekwondo, taegeuk is a set of Pumsae (also known as Poomsae or Poomse), or defined pattern of defense-and-attack forms used to teach taekwondo.[1]

Revised RomanizationTaegeuk

Between 1967 and 1971 Kukkiwon-style taekwondo made use of an older set of forms called the palgwae forms developed by the Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA) with input from some of the original nine kwans of taekwondo. By 1970 additional kwans had joined the KTA so the newer set of taegeuk forms was developed to better represent inputs from all the participating kwans. By 1971 the palgwae forms were considered to be deprecated in favor of the newer taegeuk forms, though some schools still teach palgwae forms as well.[2] All World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) Pumsae competitions use the taegeuk pumsae, along with 8 of the black belt Pumsae.

Each Taegeuk form symbolizes a specific state thought to be indicative of the belt the student currently holds, and is represented in WTF Taekwondo by trigrams (originally derived from the I-Ching) similar to those found in the four corners of the South Korean flag.

Taegeuk PoomsaeEdit

Many schools require that form practice begin with a bow to the flag and/or instructor, but the motions of the forms themselves do not require the bow, nor is it necessary in personal practice.

Belt level Name Symbol Techniques introduced
1st Geup[3] 태극 1장 (Taegeuk Il Jang) , "天", "건", "Heaven, Light"
  • Walking stance
  • Front stance (also called long stance)
  • Low block
  • Inside block (also called middle block)
  • High block
  • Middle punch
  • Front kick (also called front snap kick)
2nd Geup 태극 2장 (Taegeuk Ee Jang) , "澤", "태", "Lake"
  • High punch
3rd Geup 태극 3장 (Taegeuk Sam Jang) , "火", "이", "Fire"
  • Back stance
  • Knifehand middle block
  • Knifehand neck strike
4th Geup 태극 4장 (Taegeuk Sa Jang) , "雷", "진", "Thunder"
  • Double knifehand block
  • High knifehand block
  • Palm block
  • Back fist strike
  • Spearhand strike
  • Side kick
5th Geup 태극 5장 (Taegeuk Oh Jang) , "風", "손", "Wind"
  • Cross stance
  • L-Shape Stance or right and left stance
  • Outside block
  • Hammer fist
  • Elbow strike
6th Geup 태극 6장 (Taegeuk Yook Jang) , "水", "감", "Water"
  • Outer forearm block
  • Double wedge block (also called opening block)
  • Roundhouse kick
7th Geup 태극 7장 (Taegeuk Chil Jang) , "山", "간", "Mountain"
  • Tiger stance
  • Horse stance
  • Lower knifehand block
  • Double block
  • Knee strike
  • Double upset punch (i.e., uppercut)
  • Crescent kick
8th Geup 태극 8장 (Taegeuk Pal Jang) , "地", "곤", "Earth"
  • Mountain stance
  • Jumping front snap kick

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Poomsae". World Taekwondo. Archived from the original on 11 January 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  2. ^ Lee, Kyu Hyung (June 11, 2006). Complete TaekWonDo Poomsae: The Official Taegeuk, Palgwae and Black Belt Forms of Taekwondo. Turtle Press. ISBN 978-1880336922.
  3. ^ "Poomsae Styles". World Taekwondo. Archived from the original on 11 January 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2020.