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On September 8, 1974, a Boeing 707-331B (registered N8734[1]) operating as TWA Flight 841 from Tel Aviv to New York City via Athens and Rome crashed into the Ionian Sea, killing all aboard. The National Transportation Safety Board determined that the plane had been destroyed by a bomb hidden in the cargo hold. The detonation of the bomb destroyed the systems responsible for operating the plane's control surfaces, causing the plane to pitch up until it stalled and dove into the sea.[2][3]

TWA Flight 841
Trans World Airlines Boeing 707-331B Gilliand.jpg
A Boeing 707-331B of TWA, similar to the aircraft involved in the incident
Bombing
DateSeptember 8, 1974
SummaryTerrorist bombing causing structural and control system failures followed by stall
SiteOver the West Coast of Greece (Ionian Sea)
38°25′N 19°22′E / 38.417°N 19.367°E / 38.417; 19.367Coordinates: 38°25′N 19°22′E / 38.417°N 19.367°E / 38.417; 19.367
Aircraft
Aircraft typeBoeing 707-331B
OperatorTrans World Airlines
RegistrationN8734
Flight originBen Gurion International Airport,
Tel Aviv, Israel
1st stopoverEllinikon International Airport,
Athens, Greece
Last stopoverLeonardo Da Vinci International Airport, Rome, Italy
DestinationJohn F. Kennedy International Airport, New York City, U.S.
Occupants88
Passengers79
Crew9
Fatalities88
Survivors0

Contents

BackgroundEdit

After the ousting of the PLO from Jordan following the Jordanian-Palestinian civil war, the Palestinian military organizations made South Lebanon into their headquarters, enlisting militants from Palestinian refugee camps. South Lebanon was also referred to as Fatahland, due to the almost complete control of Fatah and other military Palestinian organizations over this officially Lebanese area, which they used to stage attacks against Israel.

EventsEdit

The airline's Tel Aviv office said 49 passengers boarded the plane there for Rome and the United States. They included 17 Americans (plus a baby), 13 Japanese, four Italians, four French, three Indians, two Iranians, two Israelis, two Sri Lankans, an Australian and a Canadian. The nationalities of 30 other passengers and the nine crew members were not immediately known at the time. Reuters reported a total of 37 Americans aboard.[citation needed] The crash occurred about 50 nautical miles west of Cephalonia, Greece.[2]:1

After stopping for 68 minutes in Athens, it departed for Rome. About 30 minutes after takeoff, the plane crashed into the Ionian Sea. The out-of-control aircraft was observed by crew on the flight deck of Pan Am Flight 110. They watched the aircraft execute a steep climb, followed by the separation of an engine from the wing and a death spiral. All 79 passengers and nine crew members were killed.

In Beirut, it was reported that a Palestinian youth organization claimed it had put a guerrilla on the plane with a bomb. However, a spokesman for TWA said sabotage was "highly unlikely."[4] Later, the National Transportation Safety Board determined that the plane was indeed destroyed by a bomb hidden in the cargo hold, which caused structural failure resulting in uncontrollable flight. The USS Independence was tasked with picking up the debris and bodies.

Suspicion fell on Abu Nidal and his terror organization.[5]

In January 2009, the Associated Press published an investigation saying that Khalid Duhham Al-Jawary, responsible for the 1973 New York City bomb plot, was linked to the bombing of TWA Flight 841.[6]

MapsEdit

 
 
Tel Aviv
 
Athens
 
Rome
 
Crash site
 
New York City
Location of the crash and the airports
 
 
Crash site
Crash site near Greece

NotesEdit

  • Barry Werth, 31 Days: Gerald Ford, The Nixon Pardon and a Government in Crisis (New York: Anchor Books). 2006. pp. 324–5 ISBN 978-1-4000-7868-4

References in fictionEdit

The UK TV series Utopia refers to the bombing of TWA Flight 841 and several other real-life incidents around the same time as deliberate and coordinated acts by a fictional organization known as The Network.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "FAA Registry (N8734)". Federal Aviation Administration.
  2. ^ a b "Explosion in-flight, Trans World Airlines, Inc., Boeing 707-331B, N8734, in The Ionian Sea, September 8, 1974" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  3. ^ "AAR 75-07 Boeing 707 Ionian Sea Crash" (PDF). Airdisaster.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 4, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  4. ^ New York Times story, September 9, 1974.
  5. ^ Barry Werth, 31 Days : Gerald Ford, The Nixon Pardon and a Government in Crisis (New York: Anchor Books). 2006, p. 324-5. ISBN 978-1-4000-7868-4
  6. ^ Terrorist who plotted 1973 car bombs, Khalid Al-Jawary, gets deported

External linksEdit