The TAI Hürjet (named after Vecihi Hürkuş) is a single-engine, tandem seat, supersonic advanced trainer and light combat aircraft, under development by Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI).[2][3][4] The prototype made its first flight on 25 April 2023.[5][6]

TAI Hürjet mockup at 2019 Teknofest
Role Advanced jet trainer, Lead-in fighter trainer/Light combat aircraft
National origin Turkey
Manufacturer Turkish Aerospace Industries
First flight 25 April 2023 [1]
Status Under development
Developed from TAI Hürkuş

The Turkish Air Force intends to use the design to replace the Northrop T-38 Talon in the trainer role and also to supplement the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon for close air support.[3] The aircraft is also planned to replace the Northrop F-5 used by the Turkish Stars aerobatic team. A naval version of the aircraft may also be developed.[7] The company also plans to pursue export orders to countries looking to replace older trainer and ground attack aircraft.[2]

Design and development edit

Hürjet mockup at Teknofest 2019

The project was initiated by TAI in August 2017 as a private venture. A mock-up was displayed at the 2018 Farnborough International Airshow.[3] On 22 July 2018, the Turkish Under-secretariat for Defence Industries announced that the Turkish Air Force had signed an agreement with TAI, giving the project official status to move development forward.[3]

As of January 2020 the aircraft did not have an engine selected, although the Eurojet EJ200 and the General Electric F404-GE-102 were under consideration at the time.[4] Capabilities are planned to include air-to-air refuelling, fly-by-wire with parameter limiting, built in auxiliary power unit, night vision goggle-compatible cockpit, head-up display and an integrated helmet display system.[3]

TAI completed the first test simulator for the aircraft in September 2020. Designated Hurjet 270, the artificial intelligence based simulator will incorporate feedback from the test pilots to change the flight control algorithms and the avionics software during the flight test process.[8][9] The company has developed simulator avionics, flight control systems, screen, cockpit and communication systems for the simulator.[10]

Turkey has invited Malaysia to join the Hürjet project, in the role of producing some parts for the aircraft. While Malaysia has some experience developing composite materials, it has never designed and built any aircraft.[11]

On January 12, 2022, the Defense Industry Executive Committee convened and announced that the first stage mass production decision was taken for the Hürjet, which is scheduled to make its first flight in 2025.[12]

On April 25, 2023, maiden flight of Hürjet was conducted from TAI's testing airfield in Ankara, by Hürjet's Chief Testing Pilot Ercan Çelik.[13]

Variants edit

Advanced supersonic jet trainer version
  • Block 0
  • Block 1
Light Combat Aircraft
Version for close air support and armed air policing roles. The combat variant will carry locally produced air-to-air missiles and air-to-ground bombs.[14][15]

Operators edit


Specifications edit

Data from Turkish Aerospace Industries[17][18]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 13.6 m (44 ft 7 in) [17]
  • Wingspan: 9.5 m (31 ft 2 in) [17]
  • Height: 5.1 m (16 ft 9 in) [17]
  • Wing area: 25 m2 (270 sq ft) [17]
  • Payload: 2,721 kg (6,000 lb)[17]
  • Powerplant: 1 × F404-GE-102 afterburning turbofan, 78 kN (17,600 lbf) thrust [17]


  • Maximum speed: Mach 1.4[17]
  • Range: 2,222 km (1,381 mi, 1,200 nmi) [17]
  • Service ceiling: 13,716 m (45,000 ft) [17]
  • g limits: +8/-3 g[17]
  • Rate of climb: 200 m/s (39,000 ft/min) [17]

See also edit

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

References edit

  1. ^ "Türkiye's indigenous light combat aircraft Hurjet makes maiden flight". 25 April 2023. Retrieved 4 February 2024.
  2. ^ a b "Hürjet". Turkish Aerospace Industries Industries ( 2021. Archived from the original on 19 October 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Hürjet Comes to Light in England". 18 September 2018. Archived from the original on 26 April 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Hürjet'in Motorunda Rekabet Devam Ediyor" [Competition Continues for Hürjet's Engine]. (in Turkish). 1 January 2020. Archived from the original on 19 May 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  5. ^ "HÜRJET Jet Eğitim Uçağı ilk uçuşunu gerçekleştirdi" (in Turkish). 25 April 2023. Retrieved 25 April 2023.
  6. ^ "Hürjet completed its maiden flight". Savunma Sanayii. 25 April 2023.
  7. ^ Ozberk, Tayfun (20 April 2021). "Turkey Plans to Deploy Indigenous Aircraft 'Hürjet' on LHD Anadolu". Naval News. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  8. ^ "Turkey's 1st supersonic Hürjet to be designed using domestic engineering simulator". Daily Sabah. 6 September 2020. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  9. ^ Bekdil, Burak Ege (8 September 2020). "Turkey develops AI-based simulator for light fighter jet". Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  10. ^ "Turkish TAI to develop Hurjet 270 simulators". Global Defense Corp (GDC). 8 September 2020. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  11. ^ "Turkey Invites Malaysia for "Hurjet" Combat-Trainer Project as the U.S. Sanctioned Turkey". Global Defense Corp (GDC). 3 January 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  12. ^ "SSIK Decides to start the serial production of HÜRJET". TURDEF. 14 January 2022. Archived from the original on 10 December 2023.
  13. ^ "Hürjet Accomplished Its Maiden Flight". Defence Turkey Magazine. May 2023. Archived from the original on 30 November 2023.
  14. ^ "In-depth Look At Turkish First Supersonic "Hürjet /Hürjet 270/Hurkus-C" Advanced jet Trainer And Light Attack Aircraft". Global Defense Corp. 4 January 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  15. ^ Ozberk, Tayfun (20 April 2021). "Turkey Plans to Deploy Indigenous Aircraft 'Hürjet' on LHD Anadolu". Naval News. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  16. ^ "HÜRJET için sipariş kesinleşti SSB Başkanı Prof. Dr. Haluk Görgün: TUSAŞ ve SSB arasında imzalanan 4 adet Blok 0 HÜRJET'e ilave olarak 12 adet Blok 1 uçağı kapsama dahil ediyoruz. Bu kapsamda 12 uçak teslimatı kesin siparişe çevrilecek. Uçak teslimat tarihleri iyileştirilecek ve 1 yıl öne çekilecek". Retrieved 19 April 2024.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "TUSAS 2020 Genel Flyer Hürjet" (PDF). Turkish Aerospace Industries. 2020. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 January 2024. Retrieved 25 January 2024.
  18. ^ "HÜRJET". Turkish Aerospace Industries. Archived from the original on 25 January 2024. Retrieved 25 January 2024.

External links edit