T. F. Green Airport station
T. F. Green Airport is a train station and intermodal facility in Warwick, Rhode Island on the Northeast Corridor, adjacent to T. F. Green Airport. It extends the MBTA Commuter Rail Providence/Stoughton Line from Boston, which previously only went as far as the Providence train station. The station was completed in October 2010 and MBTA service began on December 6, 2010. On November 14, 2011, service expanded to 10 weekday trains in each direction. Trips to and from Boston's South Station take 75 to 90 minutes.
T.F. Green Airport station and parking garage in 2017
|Location||700 Jefferson Boulevard|
Warwick, Rhode Island
|Owned by||State of Rhode Island|
|Platforms||1 side platform|
|Connections||RIPTA: 1, 8, 14, 20|
|Parking||650 spaces ($6.75 daily fee)|
24 accessible spaces
|Bicycle facilities||racks available|
|Opened||December 6, 2010|
|Electrified||Amtrak tracks but not MBTA station siding|
|Passengers (2017)||414 (weekday inbound average)|
The station's primary purpose is to serve local commuters to Providence and Boston, but it will also bring passengers and employees to and from the airport. The station also makes it possible to move between T.F. Green and Logan International Airport in about two hours via subway and commuter rail. Amtrak trains cannot and do not serve the station because the track that serves the single platform is not electrified. Funding was not provided for the necessary track and electrical work, although long-range plans call for this infrastructure to be provided.
A state study of rail corridors was completed in 1994 and the Northeast Corridor was designated as the highest-priority line for commuter service to Providence. An addendum in 1995 projected daily ridership from a Warwick station to be 454 in 2000 and 529 in 2020. An operations plan was released in 2001, and environmental assessment was completed in 2003.
The station's ceremonial groundbreaking took place on July 17, 2006, but construction was delayed by negotiations with Amtrak over the agreement to allow the MBTA to run commuter trains on Amtrak-owned tracks. Site preparation began in September 2007 and construction began in late 2008 or early 2009. The station was originally scheduled to open in late 2010, and construction was completed on schedule, with the opening ceremony taking place on October 27, 2010.
On October 13, 2010, the MBTA and the Rhode Island Department of Transportation signed an agreement enabling MBTA operations to the station to begin on December 6, 2010, initially with 6 inbound and 5 outbound trains each weekday. This service consisted of three peak-hour trains in each direction between T.F. Green and South Station, plus several off-peak shuttles to/from Providence. This was despite earlier concerns that service could be delayed pending completion of the Wickford Junction station and the siding there used to allow trains to reverse directions. However, the siding at T.F. Green was deemed sufficient for operations. In November 2011, service was increased significantly, with mid-day service and more rush hour trains. The line was extended 10 miles past T.F. Green with the opening of Wickford Junction station in April 2012.
Normal service to T.F. Green Airport is weekday-only, with no regular weekend trains. However, beginning on September 16, 2012, special Sunday trains serving New England Patriots games were extended from Providence to T.F. Green Airport. These trains run on game days only to Foxboro, which is not served by regular daily MBTA service.
In the first quarter of 2012, inbound ridership from the station averaged 149 riders per day, lower than state officials hoped. By July 2012, the count increased to more than 200 daily, even as passenger traffic at the airport decreased. The MBTA's April 2013 audit averaged 227 daily inbound boardings.
By early 2017, ridership had increased to 414 daily boardings. For the second half of 2017, the state offered free intrastate rides, primarily in an attempt to promote the under-utilized Wickford Junction station. The six-month promotion was expected to cost about $102,000.
Funding, facilities and costEdit
The station includes a four-level, 3,500-space garage with facilities for airport car rental companies and park and ride commuters. The station is connected to the airport via an elevated 1,250-foot (380-meter) skywalk with moving sidewalks, known as the Interlink. Costs included:
- $28.1M — commuter parking garage
- $46.9M — rental car garage
- $40.2M — rental car desk and service areas
- $22.9M — commuter rail platform
- $43.5M — skywalk
- $14.1M — connection from airport terminal to skywalk
The total cost of the T.F. Green amenities, plus an additional station at Wickford Junction was $336 million. The project sponsor was the Rhode Island Department of Transportation, which assembled funding consisting of:
- $29M already collected from a $4.25 car rental fee
- $22.2M grant from Rhode Island
- $88.9M grant from federal highway funds
- $42M loan from the federal government under the Transportation Finance and Infrastructure Act
- $39.6M bond from Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation (of which the Airport Corporation is a subsidiary)
As part of the 1989 Pilgrim Partnership Agreement, Rhode Island provides capital funding (including some of its federal formula funds) for MBTA expansion in the state. (Rhode Island also gave the MBTA $11 million to cover capital costs for the T.F. Green project.) Massachusetts (through the MBTA) provides the operating subsidy for MBTA Commuter Rail service in return. Rhode Island also pays Amtrak to allow the MBTA to use its tracks.
The Rhode Island Airport Corporation, which runs T.F. Green Airport, will be responsible for repaying the bonds using revenues from car rental and commuter parking facilities.
Although Amtrak owns the tracks through the station, T.F. Green Airport is not a stop on Amtrak's Northeast Regional or Acela Express trains. The station is on a third track built west of the existing two-track Northeast Corridor line, however the new track was not electrified due to lack of funding. All Amtrak trains currently operating on the Northeast Corridor require overhead electric power. Amtrak had requested a separate track for its trains, which was not built, and has also cited a lack of sufficient ridership for the stop to be economically sustainable. This may change with time. Long-term Amtrak plans call for a fourth track (as a second passing siding) with a second platform at the station for intrastate commuter service as well as possible future Amtrak use. The new siding and the current siding would need to have catenary wire extended over them in order for Amtrak trains to stop. In June 2019, a $2.8 million federal grant was awarded to fund preliminary engineering and environmental review work.
Currently, connections to Amtrak Northeast Regional and Acela Express trains can be made at Providence station, and to the Lake Shore Limited at South Station and Back Bay in Boston. Future plans call for MBTA service to be extended to Kingston, where passengers could connect to Northeast Regional trains.
One RIPTA bus route stops on Jefferson Boulevard at the station:
- 8 Jefferson Blvd
Three routes stop on Post Road and at the airport terminal:
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- "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
- Intermodal Planning - Park & Ride Facilities Archived 2011-06-11 at the Wayback Machine. Rhode Island Department of Transportation. Accessed 18 April 2011.
- Howell, John. "Warwick station hinges on Amtrak deal". Warwick Online, 31 January 2008.
- Bierman, Noah (September 10, 2009). "Vote set on T link to R.I. airport". The Boston Globe.
- Edwards and Kelcey, Inc (July 2001). "South County Commuter Rail Service Plan" (PDF). Rhode Island Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2009. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- "RI Airport Corporation". Rhode Island Airport Corporation. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- Miller, Hannah (11 October 2005). "Warwick station will provide direct train access to T.F. Green airport". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- South County Commuter Rail (Microsoft Word document). November 2007. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- The NEC Master Plan Working Group (May 2010). "Part II: Current and Future Service and Infrastructure by Sgement" (PDF). The Northeast Corridor Infrastructure Master Plan. Amtrak. p. 6. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "New $2.8 Million Grant Keeps Development of Amtrak Service to T.F. Green On Track" (Press release). Office of Jack Reed. June 10, 2019.